CBSE Class 9 Science, Motion: Chapter notes (Part-I)

Aug 23, 2017 09:30 IST

Motion Revision Notes, Class 9 Motion Chapter NotesThis article brings you the CBSE Class 9 Science notes on chapter 8 ‘Motion’ (Part-I) . These chapter notes are prepared by the subject experts and cover every important topic from the chapter. At the end of the notes you can try the questions asked from the discussed set of topics. These questions will help you to track your preparation level and get a hold on the subject.

CBSE Class 9 Science Syllabus 2017-2018

Main topics covered in this part of CBSE Class 9 Science,  Motion: Chapter Notes, are:

  • Motion
  • Distance and Displacement
  • Speed and Velocity
  • Acceleration
  • Graphical Representation of Motion

Key notes for Chapter- The Fundamental Unit of Life, are:

Motion:

Movement of any object from one position to another position with respect to the observer is called as Motion.

Motion Along a Straight Line:

When an object moves along a straight line, the motion of the object is called rectilinear motion. For example; motion of a car on highway.

Vectors and Scalar Quantities:

  • Vector is a quantity which have both magnitude and direction. For examples: Force, position etc.
  • Scalar is quantity with which direction is not associated. For examples: Mass, temperature, time etc.

Distance:

  • Length of path covered by a moving an object in the given time irrespective of direction
    is called distance.
  • It is a scalar quantity.
  • Its SI unit is metre(m).

Displacement:

  • The shortest distance measured from  initial to the final posftion of an object is known as the displacement.
  • It is a vector quantity.

Uniform Motion: 

  • When an object covers equal distances in equal intervals of time, it is said to be in uniform motion.

Non-Uniform Motion: 

  • When an object covers unequal distances in equal intervals of time, it is said to be in non-uniform motion.

Speed (s): 

  • The distance travelled by an object in unit time is referred to as speed.
  • It is represented as:

                                       Formula for Speed

  • Its SI unit is metre/ second (m/s).
  • It is a scalar quantity.
  • Average speed: For non-uniform motion, the average speed of an object is obtained by dividing the total distance travelled by an object by the total time taken.

                                       Formula for Average Speed

Velocity (v):

  • Speed of an object in a particular direction is named as velocity, i.e., it is the displacement of body in unit time.
  • It is represented as:  

                                        Formula for Velocity

  • It is a vector quantity.
  • Average velocity: It is given by the arithmetic mean of initial velocity and final velocity for a given period of time.

                                           Formula for Average Velocity

Acceleration (a):

  • The rate of change of velocity is termed as acceleration.
  • It is represented as:

                                          Formula for Acceleration

  • Its SI unit is metre/seccond2 (m/s2).
  • It is a vector quantity.
  • The acceleration is taken to be positive if it is in the direction of velocity and negative when it is opposite to the direction of velocity.
  • Negative acceleration is also named as retardation or deacceleration.
  • An object moving on a circular path though with uniform speed, is always said to be accelerated as it changes its direction every moment.
  • Uniform acceleration: When velocity of body changes by equal amounts in equal time intervals, acceleration is said to be uniform. For example: Motion of a freely falling ball.
  • Non - uniform acceleration: When velocity of body changes by unequal amounts in equal intervals if time, acceleration is said to be non - uniform. For example: Motion of car.

Graphical Representation of Motion

1. Distance -Time Graph for Uniform Speed:

Distance -Time graph for uniform speed, is a straight line as shown below:

Distance Time Graph for Uniform Speed

2. Distance -Time Graph for Non-Uniform Speed:

Distance -Time graph for uniform speed, is obtained in the form of a curve as shown below:

Distance Time Graph for Non Uniform

3. Distance -Time Graph for a Body at Rest:

Distance -Time graph for a body at rest is a straight line parallel to the time axis (x-axis):

Distance Time Graph for Body at Rest

Velocity-Time Graph

1. Velocity-Time Graph for Uniform Acceleration:

Velocity-Time graph for uniform acceleration, is a straight line as shown below:

Velocity Time Graph for Uniform Acceleration

2. Velocity-Time Graph for Non-Uniform Acceleration:

Velocity-Time graph for non-uniform acceleration, is obtained as a zig-zag line as shown below:

Velocity Time Graph for Non Uniform Acceleration

Try following questions:

Q 1. Distinguish between uniform motion and non, uniform motion. 

Q 2. Name the quantity which represents rate of change of velocity.

Q 3. Find the acceleration of a car and its displacement from the following observations:

Time

Speed (in km/h)

3:15 pm

26

3:45 pm

60

Q 4. What happens to speed, velocity acceleration when an object moves in a circle with uniform speed?

Q 5. What does the slope of Disition – Time graph represent?

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