CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2017 – 2018

May 23, 2017 17:00 IST

Download CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2017 – 2018

CBSE Syllabus 2017-2018 for Class 11 Geography is released by the board. It contains important details about course structure, map work, practicals, question paper etc. You can download the complete CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2017 – 2018 with the help of download link available at the end of this article.

Important highlights of CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2017 – 2018 are give below

Part A

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

35 Marks


Unit-1: Geography as a discipline



Unit-2: The Earth


Unit-3: Landforms


Unit-4: Climate


Unit-5: Water (Oceans)


Unit-6: Life on the Earth


Map and diagram


Part B

India - Physical Environment

35 Marks


Unit-7: Introduction



Unit-8: Physiography


Unit-9: Climate, vegetation and soil


Unit-10: Natural hazards and Disasters


Map and Diagram


Value Based Question from any unit 1-6 (Part- I), 7-10 (Part-II) - 3 Marks.

Note: - One Value Based Question can be taken from any unit 1-6 (Part -I), 7-10 (Part-II). Accordingly the weightage of the lessons can be reduced as per the discretion of the teacher.

Part C

Practical Work

30 Marks


Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps

10 Marks


Unit-2: Topographic and Weather Maps

15 Marks


Practical Record Book and Viva

5 Marks


70 Marks

Part A: Fundamentals of Physical Geography (87 Periods)

Unit-1: Geography as a Discipline (04 Periods)

• Geography as an integrating discipline, as a science of spatial attributes.

• Branches of Geography; Physical Geography and Human Geography.

• Scope and Career Options

CBSE Class 11 Syllabus 2017-2018: All Subjects

Unit-2: The Earth (11 Periods)

• Origin and evolution of the earth; Interior of the earth.

• Wegener's continental drift theory and plate tectonics.

• Earthquakes and volcanoes: causes, types and effects.

Unit-3: Landforms (20 Periods)

• Rocks: major types of rocks and their characteristics.

• Geomorphic processes: weathering, mass wasting, erosion and deposition; soil-formation.

• Landforms and their evolution.

Unit 4: Climate (30 Periods)

• Atmosphere- composition and structure; elements of weather and climate.

• Insolation-angle of incidence and distribution; heat budget of the earth-heating and cooling of atmosphere (conduction, convection, terrestrial radiation and advection); temperature- factors controlling temperature; distribution of temperature horizontal and vertical; inversion of temperature.

• Pressure-pressure belts; winds-planetary, seasonal and local; air masses and fronts; tropical and extratropical cyclones.

• Precipitation-evaporation; condensation-dew, frost, fog, mist and cloud; rainfall-types and world distribution.

• World climates-classification Koeppen, Differences in parameter between koeppen & Thornthwaite, Global warming and climatic changes.

• Climate and Global Concerns.

CBSE Class 11 Chapter Notes

Unit 5: Water (Oceans) (10 Periods)

• Basics of Oceanography

• Oceans - distribution of temperature and salinity.

• Movements of ocean water-waves, tides and currents; submarine reliefs.

• Ocean resources and pollution.

Unit 6: Life on the Earth (07 Periods)

• Biosphere - importance of plants and other organisms; biodiversity and conservation; ecosystem and ecological balance.

Map work on identification of features based on 1 to 6 units on the outline/Physical/Political map of the world. 05 Periods

Part – B: India - Physical Environment (78 Periods)

Unit-7: Introduction (04 Periods)

• Location, space relations, India's place in the world.

Unit-8: Physiography (28 Periods)

• Structure and Relief; Physiographic Divisions.

• Drainage systems: Concept of river basins, Watershed; the Himalayan and the Peninsular rivers.

Unit-9: Climate, Vegetation and Soil (28 Periods)

• Weather and climate - spatial and temporal distribution of temperature, pressure winds and rainfall, Indian monsoon: mechanism, onset and withdrawal, variability of rainfalls: spatial and temporal; use of weather charts; Climatic types (Koeppen).

• Natural vegetation-forest types and distribution; wild life; conservation; biosphere reserves.

• Soils - major types (ICAR's classification) and their distribution, soil degradation and conservation.

Unit-10: Hazards and Disasters: Causes, Consequences and Management (14 Periods)

• Floods, Cloudbursts

• Droughts: types and impact

• Earthquakes and Tsunami

• Cyclones: features and impact

• Landslides

Map Work of features based on above units for locating and labelling on the Outline/Political/Physical map of India. (04 Periods)

Class 11 NCERT Solutions

Part – C: Practical Work (50 Periods)

Unit-1: Fundamentals of Maps (20 Periods)

• Geo spatial data, Concept of Geographical data matrix; Point, line, area data.

• Maps -types; scales-types; construction of simple linear scale, measuring distance; finding direction and use of symbols.

• Map projection- Latitude, longitude and time, typology, construction and properties of projection: Conical with one standard parallel and Mercator's projection. (only two projections)

Unit 2: Topographic and Weather Maps (30 Periods)

• Study of topographic maps (1 : 50,000 or 1 : 25,000 Survey of India maps); contour cross section and identification of landforms-slopes, hills, valleys, waterfall, cliffs; distribution of settlements.

• Aerial Photographs: Types and Geometry-vertical aerial photographs; difference between maps and aerial photographs; photo scale determination. Identification of physical and cultural features.

• Satellite imageries, stages in remote sensing data-acquisition, platform and sensors and data products, (photographic and digital).

• Use of weather instruments: thermometer, wet and dry-bulb thermometer, barometer, wind vane, rain gauge.

Practical Record Book and Viva Voce

Viva to be based on Practical Unit I and II only.

Prescribed Books for CBSE Class 11 Geography 2017-18

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT

2. India, Physical Environment, Class XI, Published by NCERT

3. Practical Work in Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT

Note: The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.

Details related to suggestive CBSE Class 11 question paper design 2017-18 and weightage to its difficulty level are available in PDF of the syllabus.

Download CBSE Class 11 Geography Syllabus 2017 – 2018 in PDF format

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