Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 13 July 2017

Jul 13, 2017 14:57 IST

Current Affairs for 13 July 2017In IAS preparation, Current affairs play an important role in deciding the pattern of the IAS prelims question paper. Current events should be read as a separate section while preparing for the IAS exam. Current affairs reading and practising MCQ questions become an indispensable activity.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims Exam 2018: 6 July 2017

Here, we have provided some important model questions on the latest political and social happenings that affect the structure of the nation. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for signing a Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between India and Germany on cooperation in the field of:

a. Health and Education
b. Solar Energy
c. Space Technology
d. Cyber Security

Answer: a

Explanation:

Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for signing a Joint Declaration of Intent (JDI) between India and Germany on cooperation in the field of Health.
The JDI covers the following areas of cooperation:-

a) Postgraduate education;
b) Training of medical personnel;
c) Pharmaceuticals and Pharma-co-economics; and
d) Health economics.

A Working Group will be set up to further elaborate the details of cooperation and to oversee the implementation of this JDI.

Current Affairs Quizzes for IAS Prelims 2018: May 2017

2. Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its approval for the Joint Interpretative Notes (JIN) on the Agreement between India and Bangladesh for the Promotion and Protection of Investments. Consider the following statements regarding this:

1) The JIN would impart clarity to the interpretation of the existing Agreement between India and Bangladesh for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (BIPA).
2) The JIN includes interpretative notes to be jointly adopted the definition of investor, the definition of investment, exclusion of taxation measures, Fair and Equitable Treatment (FET), National Treatment (NT) and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment and much more.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. Only 1
b. Both 1 and 2
c. Only 2
d. None of the above

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the Joint Interpretative Notes (JIN) on the Agreement between India and Bangladesh for the Promotion and Protection of Investments.
The JIN would impart clarity to the interpretation of the existing Agreement between India and Bangladesh for the Promotion and Protection of Investments (BIPA). The JIN includes interpretative notes to be jointly adopted for many clauses, including, the definition of investor, definition of investment, exclusion of taxation measures, Fair and Equitable Treatment (FET), National Treatment (NT) and Most Favoured Nation (MFN) treatment, expropriation, essential security interests and Settlement of Disputes between an Investor and a Contracting Party.

Joint Interpretative Statements play an important supplementary role in strengthening the investment treaty regime. With increasing Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT) disputes, issuance of such statements is likely to have strong persuasive value before tribunals. Such pro-active approach by States can foster a more predictable and coherent reading of treaty terms by arbitration tribunals.

3. Consider the following statements regarding the Falun Gong- an ancient meditation practice, which is often seen in news:

1) Falun Gong is a Japanese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy.
2) Falun Gong is banned in China.
3) Falun Gong will be celebrated in India on July 15 with a parade.

Which of the above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: c

Explanation:

Falun Gong is a Chinese spiritual practice that combines meditation and qigong exercises with a moral philosophy centred on the tenets of truthfulness, compassion, and forbearance. The practice emphasises morality and the cultivation of virtue and identifies as a qigong practice of the Buddhist school, though its teachings also incorporate elements drawn from Taoist traditions.

Falun Gong is banned in China but it will be celebrated in India on July 15 with a parade and Human Word Formation by the Falun Dafa Association of India, which has been teaching Falun Gong in India. This event would highlight the persecution against the practitioners in China.

The Falun Dafa Association of India has been campaigning for months to familiarise the challenges that the followers of this group are facing in China. This parade aims to create awareness of the severe persecution suffered by Falun Dafa practitioners in China for over several years. Through moral rectitude and the practice of meditation, practitioners of Falun Gong aspire to eliminate attachments, and ultimately to achieve spiritual enlightenment.

Current Affairs for IAS Prelims 2018- April 2017

4. Which country has recently banned the destructive fishing practice of bottom trawling in its waters?

a. India
b. Sri Lanka
c. Bangladesh
d. All of the above

Answer: b

Explanation:

Sri Lanka recently banned the destructive fishing practice of bottom trawling in their waters. The development could directly impact a section of fishermen from Tamil Nadu, who engage in bottom-trawling and have often been found trespassing in Sri Lanka’s territorial waters.

While overfishing has long been recognised as causing major ecological changes to the fish community on the Grand Banks, concern has been raised more recently about the damage which benthic trawling inflicts upon seabed communities.

A species of particular concern is the slow growing, deep-water coral Lophelia pertusa. This species is home to a diverse community of deep sea organisms but is easily damaged by fishing gear.

Bottom trawling stirs up the sediment at the bottom of the sea. The suspended solid plumes can drift with the current for tens of kilometres from the source of the trawling. These plumes introduce a turbidity which decreases light levels at the bottom and can affect kelp reproduction.

Ocean sediments are the sink for many persistent organic pollutants, usually lipophilic pollutants like DDT, PCB and PAH. Bottom trawling mixes these pollutants into the plankton ecology where they can move back up the food chain and into our food supply.

Even in areas where the bottom sediments are ancient, bottom trawling, by reintroducing the sediment into the water column can create harmful algae blooms. More suspended solids are introduced into the oceans from bottom trawling than any other man-made source.

5. Recently, Japan’s men-only Island has been given the UNESCO heritage tag. Consider the following statements regarding criteria to be selected as a UNESCO heritage site:

1) Nominated sites for UNESCO heritage site must be of "outstanding universal value".

2) It must bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared.

3) The site must be an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change.

Which of the above are the correct criteria?

a. 1 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

A men-only island in Japan where women are banned and male visitors must bathe naked in the sea before visiting its shrine has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Nominated sites must be of "outstanding universal value" and meet at least one of the ten criteria. These criteria are as follows:

• Represents a masterpiece of human creative genius and cultural significance
• Exhibits an important interchange of human values, over a span of time, or within a cultural area of the world, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning, or landscape design
• To bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared
• Is an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural, or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates a significant stage in human history
• Is an outstanding example of a traditional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture, or human interaction with the environment especially when it has become vulnerable under the impact of irreversible change
• Is directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance

• Contains superlative natural phenomena or areas of exceptional natural beauty and aesthetic importance
• Is an outstanding example representing major stages of Earth's history, including the record of life, significant on-going geological processes in the development of landforms, or significant geomorphic or physiographic features
• Is an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes in the evolution and development of terrestrial, freshwater, coastal and marine ecosystems, and communities of plants and animals
• Contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation of biological diversity, including those containing threatened species of outstanding universal value from the point of view of science or conservation.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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