IAS Questions for Prelims: 11 August 2017

Aug 11, 2017 13:05 IST

IAS Questions for Prelims 11 August 2017
IAS Questions for Prelims 11 August 2017

Current affairs importance in the IAS prelims is increasing exponentially every year and hence special emphasis should be given for preparing current affairs for the IAS prelims 2018. Practising MCQ questions based on current affairs should be an indispensable activity while preparing for the IAS prelims 2018.

IAS Prelims Exam Guide

Here, we have provided some important mock questions on the latest happenings. We will continue to provide the current affairs questions for IAS Prelims 2018 to help you gain a better insight of how questions can be asked in the examination.

1. Recently, India has ratified the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol that commits countries to contain the emission of greenhouse gases. consider the following statements regarding the Kyoto protocol:

1) During the second commitment period, Parties committed to reduce GHG emissions by at least 18 percent below 1990 levels in the eight-year period from 2013 to 2020.
2) The Kyoto mechanisms like International Emissions Trading, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint implementation (JI) were introduced in the second commitment period.

Which of the above statement is true?

a. Both 1 and 2
b. Only 1
c. Only 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits its Parties by setting internationally binding emission reduction targets.

In Doha, Qatar, on 8 December 2012, the "Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol" was adopted. The amendment includes:
• New commitments for Annex I Parties under the Kyoto Protocol who agreed to take on commitments in a second commitment period from 1 January 2013 to 31 December 2020
• A revised list of greenhouse gases (GHG) to be reported on by Parties in the second commitment period.
• Amendments to several articles of the Kyoto Protocol which specifically referenced issues pertaining to the first commitment period and which needed to be updated for the second commitment period.

During the first commitment period, 37 industrialized countries and the European Community committed to reduce GHG emissions to an average of five percent against 1990 levels. During the second commitment period, Parties committed to reduce GHG emissions by at least 18 percent below 1990 levels in the eight-year period from 2013 to 2020; however, the composition of Parties in the second commitment period is different from the first.

The Kyoto mechanisms are International Emissions Trading, Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint implementation (JI). The mechanisms help to stimulate green investment and help Parties meet their emission targets in a cost-effective way.

IAS Questions for Prelims: 10 August 2017

2. Consider the following statements regarding the recently released Global Retirement Index (GRI):

1) The Global Retirement Index ranks 43 countries on the basis of four factors, which are the material means to live comfortably in retirement, access to quality financial services to help preserve savings value and maximize income, access to quality health services, and a clean and safe environment.
2) It ranks 43 countries which include are the members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Monetary Fund (IMF) advanced economies and the BRIC (Britain, Russia, India and China) countries.
3) The 2017 Global Retirement Index was topped by India.

Which of the above statement is true?

a. 3 and 2
b. 1 and 3
c. 1 and 2
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: c

Explanation:

India was ranked at the last position of 43rd in the 2017 Global Retirement Index (GRI). The Index is published by French asset management company Natixis Global.

The Global Retirement Index ranks 43 countries on the basis of four factors, which are the material means to live comfortably in retirement (Material Well-being), access to quality financial services to help preserve savings value and maximize income (Finances), access to quality health services (Health), and a clean and safe environment (Quality of Life).

The 43 countries included in the index are the members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Monetary Fund (IMF) advanced economies and the BRIC (Britain, Russia, India and China) countries.

The 2017 Global Retirement Index was topped by Norway, followed by Switzerland and Iceland. Eight of the top-performing countries in this year’s GRI is located in Western Europe.

3. Recently, India celebrated the 75th anniversary of the Quit India Movement. Which of the following leaders actively participated in the Quit India Movement?

1) Jayaprakash Narayan
2) Aruna Asaf Ali
3) Usha Mehta
4) K. Kelappan

Choose the correct code:

a. 1,2 and 3
b. 1, 3 and 4
c. 1, 2 and 4
d. 1, 2, 3 and 4

Answer: a

Explanation:

K. Kelappan actively participated in the Civil Disobedience Movement.As a Nair Congress leader launched the Vaikom Satyagraha and marched from Calicut to Payanneer in defiance of salt laws. Jayaprakash Narayan was a member of the Congress Socialist group and played a prominent role in the Quit India movement.

Ram Manohar Lohia, Aruna Asaf Ali, Sucheta Kripalani, Chhotubhai Puranik, Biju Patnaik, R.P. Goenka and Achyut Patwardhan were leaders associated with the underground movement and revolutionary activities in support of the Quit India Movement.

Usha Mehta actively supported the Quit India movement and was an important member of a small group which ran the Congress Radio.

IAS Questions for Prelims: July 2017

4. Recently, the Government has designated Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) as the vehicle for implementing the provisions of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act. Consider the following statements regarding this:

1. The implementation of SSA is reviewed twice every year by a Joint Review Mission comprising independent experts and external funding agencies covering States.
2. Universal enrollment is the first goal of SSA.
3. SSA is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.

Which of the following above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Answer: d

Explanation:

The Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) has been designated as the vehicle for implementing the provisions of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009. The implementation of SSA is reviewed twice every year by a Joint Review Mission comprising independent experts and external funding agencies covering States. The Ministry of Human Resource Development convenes periodic meetings with State Education Ministers and Secretaries to review the programme implementation.

Educational data on outcomes is collected through a Unified District Information System for Education (UDISE) every year. The status of these evaluations and monitoring is placed in the public domain on the Ministry’s website. National Achievement Surveys (NAS) are conducted to check the health of the educational system and to provide information about the learning achievement of students.

5. The Government of India has decided to launch a new sub-scheme named “Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY)” as part of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM). Consider the following statements regarding this:

1) This will help to provide safe, affordable and community monitored rural transport services to connect remote villages with key services and amenities.
2) The Self Help Groups under DAY-NRLM will operate road transport service in backward areas.
3) The Community Investment Fund (CIF) provided to Community Based Organization (CBOs) under DAY-NRLM will be utilized to support the SHG members in this new livelihoods initiative.

Which of the following above statements is true?

a. 1 and 2
b. 1, 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 2 and 3

Answer: b

Explanation:

The Government of India has decided to launch a new sub-scheme named “Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana (AGEY)” as part of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM). The Self Help Groups under DAY-NRLM will operate road transport service in backward areas. This will help to provide safe, affordable and community monitored rural transport services to connect remote villages with key services and amenities (such as access to markets, education and health) for the overall economic development of backward rural areas. This will also provide an additional avenue of livelihood for SHGs.

The Community Investment Fund (CIF) provided to Community Based Organization (CBOs) under DAY-NRLM will be utilized to support the SHG members in this new livelihoods initiative. The beneficiary SHG member will be provided with an interest-free loan by the CBO from its Community Investment Fund up to Rs.6.50 lakh for purchase of the vehicle. The alternative, CBO will own the vehicle and lease it to an SHG member to operate the vehicle and pay lease rental to the CBO.

Current Affairs Quizzes 2016 for IAS Prelims 2018

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