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Economic Geography

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List of the Major Railways Zones in India

Sep 8, 2017
The Indian Railways is divided into 17 zone and around 73 sub-divisional headquarter. North Zone is the largest Railway Zone of Indian Railways. There are three types of rail lines in India: Broad Gauge; Meter Gauge; and Narrow Gauge. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Railways Zones in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Defence Public Sector Undertakings in India

Aug 31, 2017
The Public Sectors Undertakings (PSUs) can be classified as Public Sector Enterprises (PSEs), Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs) and Public Sector Banks (PSBs).  They are also classified on the basis of working areas into ‘strategic’ and ‘non-strategic’: Arms & Ammunition and the allied items of defence equipment’s, defence air-crafts and warships; Atomic Energy; Railways transport. Here, we are giving the list of Defence Public Sector Undertakings in India for general awareness.

List of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) of Shipping Industry in India

Aug 31, 2017
The Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) are the government-owned corporations in which majority (51% or more) of the paid up share capital is held by central government or by any state government or partly by the central governments and partly by one or more state governments. Here we are giving the list of Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) of Shipping Industry in India for general awareness.

List of Nuclear Power Plants in India

Aug 22, 2017
Power development in India commenced at the end of the 19th century with the commissioning of electricity supply in Darjeeling during 1897. Nuclear power is one of the largest source of electricity in India after thermal, hydro-electric and renewable sources of electricity. Here, we are giving a list of Nuclear Power Plants in India for concretising the reading of GK.

List of Important National Highways of India

Aug 14, 2017
The road network of India has grown from 4 lakh kms in 1951 to more than 33 lakh km. It is the second largest in the world. In India, roads are classified on the basis of management into three categories: National Highways; State highways; and Border Roads. Here, we are giving the list important National Highways which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

How the pre-monsoon rain became the boon of India's markets and Farmers!

May 23, 2017
India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.

Summary on India's Cement Industry, Cement Producing States and Plants

May 4, 2017
The Cement Industry in India is one of the basic industries in India. The organised production of cement in India was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai). Recently, sea shells, sludge obtained from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also used as raw materials besides limestone. Here, we are giving summary on the India’s Cement Industry and the list of Cement Producing States and Plants for general awareness as revision capsule to the aspirants of different competitive exams.

Summary on Indian Economic Geography: Resources and Energy

Mar 6, 2017
Economic Geography is the study of physical and non-physical environment of man and its influence on his economic life. India is one of the richest countries in natural resources and energy.  India has 24% of the total surface area of the world and about 0.57% area of the earth. As per rough estimate of Census Commission, out of total land area-10.7% is Mountainous. 18.6% are Hilly area, 27.7% is Plateau and 43.0% is Plain area.

List of the Railway Production Units in India

Dec 28, 2016
The industry based on railway equipment was established as ‘Peninsular Locomotive Company’ at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as ‘Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)’. Here, we are giving the list of the Railway Production Units in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

Summary on the Indian Shipping Industry

Dec 28, 2016
The Indian shipping industry plays an important role in the Indian economy as almost 90% of the country’s international trade is conducted by the sea. Here, we are giving summary on the Indian Shipping Industry which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of major ports on East Coast of India

Dec 26, 2016
The major ports are controlled by the central Government through Major Port Trust Act, 1963 whereas medium and minor ports (part of concurrent lists) are managed and administered by respective states. Here, we are giving the list of the major ports on the East Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of major ports on West Coast of India

Dec 26, 2016
India has 13 major and 200 minor ports along with the 7517 kms long coastline. The port of India is controlled by the Central Government under the ambit of Port Trust Act, 1963. Here, we are giving the list of major ports on West Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.

List of Major Coal Fields in India

Dec 23, 2016
Around 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in Gondwana rocks of Moran region. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. Here, we are giving the list of Major Coal Fields in India which is very important as GK Study material for the aspirants who are preparing for the different competitive examinations.

Agro-Based Industries in India

Nov 28, 2015
The agro-based industry includes indutries related to textiles, sugar, paper and vegetable oil. These industries use agricultural products as their raw materials. Textile industry is the largest industry in the organized sector. It comprises of (i) cotton textiles, (ii) woollen textiles, (iii) silk textiles (iv) synthetic fibres and (v) jute textile industries. Textiles have been a major component of the industrial sector. It accounts for nearly a fifth of the industrial output and a third of the export earnings.

Chemical fertilizer Industry in India

Nov 28, 2015
Chemical fertilizers played vital role in the success of Green Revolution in India and consequent self-reliance in food-grain production, the Government of India has been consistently pursuing policies conducive to increase the availability and consumption of fertilizers in the country. The country has achieved near self-sufficiency in production capacity of urea with the result that India could substantially manage its requirement of nitrogenous fertilizers through the indigenous industry.

Atomic Minerals

Nov 28, 2015
Atomic minerals are the most important among non-fossil energy resources. They are found in the slate rocks of the pre-Cambrian (Archean Schist) and Dharwar periods in India. Uranium and Thorium are major minerals for the production of atomic energy. Uranium is mined directly whereas for thorium is obtained mainly from monazite and limonite. Thorium is also obtained from beryllium, zircon, antimony and graphite.

Air Transportation

Nov 28, 2015
Air transport is the fastest means of movement from one place to the other. It has reduced distances by minimising the travel time. Air transport in India made a beginning in 1911 when airmail operation commenced over a little distance of 10 km between Allahabad and Naini. But its real development took place in post-Independent period. The Airport Authority of India is responsible for providing safe, efficient air traffic and aeronautical communication services in the Indian Air Space.

Iron and Steel Industry

Nov 28, 2015
The iron and steel Industry is the basic industry since all the other industries — heavy, medium and light, depend on it for their machinery. Steel is needed to manufacture a variety of engineering goods, construction material, defence, medical, telephonic, scientific equipment and a variety of consumer goods.Production and consumption of steel is often regarded as the index of a country’s development. Iron and steel is a heavy industry because all the raw materials as well as finished goods are heavy and bulky entailing heavy transportation costs.

Mass Communication System

Nov 28, 2015
A process in which a person, group of people, or an organization sends a message through a channel of communication to a large group of anonymous and heterogeneous people and organizations is called Mass Communication System. All India Radio broadcasts a variety of programmes related to information, education and entertainment. Television broadcasting has emerged as the most effective audio-visual medium for disseminating information and educating masses. Satellites are mode of communication in themselves as well as they regulate the use of other means of communication.

The White Revolution

Nov 28, 2015
The White Revolution is referred to as the concept of unexpected increase in milk production. It was launched in India from the city named Anand of old Kheda district (at present, Anand district) in Gujarat. The milk-producing farmers of Kheda formed a co-operative society in 1946 to oppose the exploitative policies of private firms. Milk Marketing and Dairy Development as OPERATION FLOOD had just that touch of aggressive movement which was instituted in three stages in India.

Engineering Industry

Nov 28, 2015
The Engineering Industry is the largest among all industrial sectors in India. It incorporates diverse segments of industry which can be broadly divided into two segments, namely, heavy engineering and light engineering. It is relatively less fragmented at the top, as the competencies required are high, while it is highly fragmented at the lower end (e.g. unbranded transformers for the retail segment) and is dominated by smaller players. The engineering industry in India manufactures a wide range of products, with heavy engineering goods accounting for bulk of the production.

Schedule Tribes in India

Nov 28, 2015
There are about 550 tribes in India. As per 1951 census, 5.6% of the total population of the country was tribal. According to Census-2011, the number of scheduled tribes in India is 10, 42, 81,034. It is 8.6% of the total population of India. A total of 9, 38, 19,162 people belonging to scheduled tribes reside in rural areas whereas 1, 04, 61,872 people in urban areas.  The scheduled tribes are 11.3% of the total population of rural areas and 2.8% of urban areas.

The Blue Revolution

Nov 28, 2015
The concept of rapid increase in the production of fish and marine product through package programme is called as blue revolution. It was launched in India during the seventh Five-year plan (1985-1990) when the Central Government sponsored the Fish Farmers Development Agency (FFDA). It has brought improvement in aquaculture by adopting new techniques of fish breeding, fish rearing, fish marketing, and fish export.

Industrial Development in India

Nov 28, 2015
Before independence, there was no proper development of Indian industry in India. The Britishers were anti-Indian. India could not develop a sound industrial base under the colonial rule. . The intention was, first, to reduce India to the status of a mere exporter of important raw materials for the upcoming modern industries in Britain and, second, to turn India into a sprawling market for the finished products of those industries so that their continued expansion could be ensured to the maximum advantage of their home country — Britain.

Road Transport

Nov 28, 2015
India has one of the largest road networks in the world. For the purpose of construction and maintenance, roads are classified as National Highways (NH), State Highways (SH), Major District Roads and Rural Roads. The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is the apex body to improve the quality of the National Highways. State highways are constructed and maintained by state governments. The Border Road Organisation (BRO) was established in May 1960 for accelerating economic development and strengthening defence preparedness.

Means of Electrical Energy Production in India

Nov 28, 2015
India is presently one of the least energy efficient countries in the world. We have to adopt a cautious approach for the judicious use of our limited energy resources. For example, as concerned citizens we can do our bit by using public transport systems instead of individual vehicles; switching off electricity when not in use, using power-saving devices and using non-conventional sources of energy. After all, “energy saved is energy produced”. Electricity has such a wide range of applications in today’s world.

Atomic Energy

Nov 28, 2015
India’s first atomic power station was established in Tarapur (Maharashtra) in 1969 with the assistance of the USA. The second atomic 1972 with the assistance of Canada. It has been established near the Rana Pratap Sagar dam because of the facility of water. The third atomic power station has been established on the eastern coast of India in Kalpakkam (80 Km South to Chennai, Tamil Nadu) in 1984. It is based on indigenous technology.

Personal Communication System

Nov 28, 2015
Human beings have evolved different methods of communication over time. In earlier times, the messages were delivered by beating the drum or hollow tree trunks, giving indications through smoke or fire or with the help of fast runners. Horses, camels, dogs, birds and other animals were also used to send messages. Initially, the means of communication were also the means of transportation. Invention of post office, telegraph, printing press, telephone, satellite, etc has made the communication much faster and easier.

Forest-based Industry

Nov 28, 2015
India is one of fast growing forest-based industries in the world. The growing knowledge base coupled with synergistic contribution from the flagship schemes of the government. Forest-based Industry includes- the paper industry, match industry, silk industry, lac industry, sports goods industry and handicraft. India is a leading country in lac production. 60% of lac in the world is produced here. India is also the largest exporter of lac in the world.

Shipping Industry

Nov 28, 2015
India has 12 major and 187 non-major ports. The Indian ports and shipping industry plays a vital role in sustaining growth in the country’s trade and commerce. It is the sixteenth largest maritime country in the world, with a coastline of about 7,517 km. The first plant in India for construction of technologically well- developed ships was set up in 1941 in Vishakhapatnam by the Scindia Steam Navigation Company. 'Jal-Usha' was the first ship built here. It was nationalised in 1952 and was named the 'Hindustan Shipyard Limited’ (Vishakhapatnam).

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