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Environment & Ecology

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Coastal Erosion in India

17 hrs ago

The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.

Green E-Clearance in India: Concept, Project and Importance

Nov 14, 2017

Green E-Clearance is a concept of giving environmental clearance for industrial project. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (India) has made it mandatory to obtain Environmental Clearances for Construction projects having covered built-up area greater than 20,000m2. Here, we are giving the concept, projects and importance of Green E-Clearance or Green Environment Clearance for general awareness.

Coastal Zone Management (CZMA) - Purpose, Objective and Challenges

Nov 13, 2017

The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.

List of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World

Nov 10, 2017

The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.

Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS): Objective and Importance

Nov 10, 2017

FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).

Natural Disaster- Concept and Its Classification

Nov 6, 2017

About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.

List of legislations on environment and ecology in India

Sep 28, 2017

The Environment is the greatest gift of God to man. Its abiotic components like air, water, light, etc., and its biotic living components like plants, animals, human beings, etc. are responsible for the survival and continuance of life on this planet. Here, we are giving the list of legislations on environment and ecology in India that addressing the effects of human activity on the natural environment for general awareness.

List of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment

Sep 6, 2017

Pollutant is a substance that pollutes something, especially water or the atmosphere. It can enter the environment naturally, such as from volcanic eruptions, or through human activities, such as burning coal and gasoline. Here, we are giving the list of Major Pollutant, their sources and their effects on Humans and Environment for general awareness.

List of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world

Sep 6, 2017

The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.

List of Worldwide Hot Spots Region

Sep 4, 2017

Hot Spots are biogeographic regions with significant levels of biodiversity are areas that are severely threatened by human activities. A number of factors are important in determining the priority status of a given hot spot. Some of the most important factors are the number of plant and animal species found in the hot spot and nowhere else in the world; the degree of habitat loss and the number of endemic plant and animal species per unit area.  Here, we are giving the list of Worldwide Hot Spots Region for general awareness.

List of Elephant Reserves of India

Aug 10, 2017

The Government of India had launched the project Elephant in the year 1992 as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme with objectives to protect elephants, their habitat & corridors; to address issues of man-animal conflict; and welfare of captive elephants. Here, we are giving the list of Elephant Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

What is Green Muffler and how it is related with pollution

Jun 7, 2017

Green Muffler is a technique of reducing noise pollution by planting 4-6 rows around the populated areas or noisy places. Let us find out what is Green Muffler Scheme, why trees are known as buffers, how trees help in reducing noise pollution.

What are the steps taken for the Conservation of Wildlife?

May 29, 2017

Conservation of Wildlife is necessary to recognize the importance of nature and other wildlife species. It is important to protect the endangered plants and animal species along with their natural habitat. The main concern is to preserve the habitats so that the future generations of wildlife and even humans can enjoy it. This article deals with the steps required for the conservation of Wildlife.

Summary on the Fauna or Zoogeographic Regions of the World

Mar 2, 2017

Faunal region, also called Zoogeographic Region which can be defined on the basis of distinctive animal life by geographers. The leading ecologist and environmentalist A.R. Wallace attempted to classify the world animals into fauna regions in 1876 i.e. Palaearctic Region, Nearctic Region, Oriental Region, Ethiopian Region, and Australian Region. Here, we are giving the summary on the Fauna or Zoogeographic Regions of the World which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc.

List of Regional distribution of the Wild Animals around the World

Feb 28, 2017

The distribution of animal is an important area of study in Environment & Ecology as well as Zoogeography which deals with the fauna characteristics, classification, spatial distribution, association, and migration of different species of animals. Here, we are giving the list of Regional distribution of the Wild Animal around the World which will helps the aspirant in strengthening the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.

Summary on the Regional distribution of plant kingdoms in the world

Feb 27, 2017

The ecologists and bio-geographers divided six major plant kingdoms in the world on the basis of floral characteristics i.e. Australian Kingdom; Cape Kingdom (South Africa); Antarctic Kingdom; Palaeo-tropical Kingdom; Neo-tropical Kingdom; Boreal Kingdom. Here, we are giving the 10 GK Questions on Plants and Animal Kingdoms in the form of multiple choice questions which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.

Ecology and Ecosystem: A Complete Overview

Feb 18, 2017

The Environment is our basic life support system which provides the air for breathing, the water for drinking, the food for eating and the land for a living. It is collectively portrayed all the external forces and conditions, which influences the life, nature, growth and maturity of living organism, whereas ‘Ecology’ is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.

5 most polluting countries in the world affected by smog

Nov 16, 2016

To ensure happy and healthy life it is necessary to live in the cleanest countries of the world which are free from pollution or at least non-polluted. As, the polluted air contains very small particles like dust, dirt, smoke, pollen etc. which can be inhaled easily and cause severe respiratory or chronic diseases and also difficulty in breathing. In this article we will see the top 5 polluting countries of the world and what all measures they are taking to curb the smog pollution.

Summary on Biodiversity Conservation

Oct 10, 2016

The term Biodiversity was coined by R.F Dasman in 1968 which refer to as the variety of and abundance of living organisms in a particular region. It has great social relevance. It is imperative  to conserve  biodiversity because we have not discovered any valuable use of species of plant , animals and micro-organisms, may be the coming generation learn to optimum as well as valuable of species.

List of Biosphere Reserves in India

Oct 6, 2016

The International Co-ordinating Council (ICC) of UNESCO introduced the designation of ‘Biosphere reserve’ for natural areas in November, 1971. The National Biosphere Reserve Programme in India was initiated in 1986 to serve as wider base for conservation of entire range of living resources and their ecological foundations in addition to already established protected area network system.

List of Invasive Alien Flora of India

Oct 4, 2016

Alien Species that threaten native plants and animals of other aspects of biodiversity are called alien invasive species. Here, we are giving the list of Invasive Alien Flora of India which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of India's Biosphere Reserves in UNESCO MAB list

Oct 4, 2016

The Agricultural Revolution or Agrarian Revolution refers to the significant change in agriculture that occurs when there are discoveries, inventions, or new technologies that change production. Here, we are giving the list of India's Biosphere Reserves in UNESCO MAB list which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Sacred Groves of India

Oct 3, 2016

The Sacred Groves comprises of patches of forest or natural vegetation- from a few trees to forests of several acres-that are usually dedicated to local folk deities. Here, we are giving the list of Sacred Groves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Mangrove Sites in India

Sep 30, 2016

The Mangroves are the tropical trees or shrubs bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building. Here, we are giving the list of Mangrove Sites in India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Bio-geographic Zones and Bio-geographic Provinces of India

Sep 29, 2016

The Biogeography deals with the geographical distribution of plants and animals. There are 10 bio-geographical Zones in India. The bio-geographical province is an ecosystematic or biotic subdivision of realm. India is divided into 25 bio-geographic provinces. Here, we are giving the list of Bio-geographic Zones and Bio-geographic Provinces of which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Mike Sites in India

Sep 28, 2016

The Monitoring the Killing of Elephants acronyms as MIKE. The prime objectives of the MIKE are to measure levels and trends in the illegal poacher of elephants. So that Government build their institutional capacity within the range States for the long-term management of their elephant populations. Here, we are giving the list of Mike Sites in India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Project Tiger Reserves of India

Sep 27, 2016

The tiger conservation programme launched in 1973 by the Government of India to   ensuring a viable population of Bengal tigers in their natural habitats and also to protect them from extinction, and preserving areas of biological importance. Here, we are giving the list of Project Tiger Reserves of India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

List of Ramsar wetland sites in India

Sep 26, 2016

The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance, especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands.  Here, we are giving the list of Ramsar wetland sites in India which is very useful in the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.

Top Crops Producing States of India

Jul 21, 2016

It is known to everyone that agriculture is the backbone of Indian economy. It provides direct employment to 53% population of the country. Currently it is contributing 14% of Indian GDP. In this article we provided the status of Indian states in terms of different crops produced by them.

Environment & Ecology: A Complete Study Material

Jun 2, 2016

This comprehensive Study Material on “Environment & Ecology” is designed with the reference of basic text books like NCERT’s old and new (Geography from 6 to 12 and Biology from 9 to 12), ICSE books of class 10th and 11th) and some more books like Erach Bharucha’s (Environmental Studies for undergraduate courses), Majid Husain’s (Environment & Ecology), Mahesh Rangarajan’s (Environmental issues in India) etc.

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