From the evolution of human to the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from ancient world to modern world.
A Strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. It most commonly refers to a channel of water that lies between two land masses. Here, we are giving the list of the World’s major Straits that will give general awareness to the reader in understanding how these straits connect the world.
Deserts are found in the arid and semi-arid parts o the Earth’s surface. They are mainly found on the sub-tropical high pressure belt region where the subsidence of air and the inversion of temperature take place. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Deserts of the World dealing with the concept behind its formation, the typology and deserts around the world will enhance the general awareness of the readers.
There are about 100 billion galaxies in the universe and the Milky Way Galaxy is one of it in which our Solar System exists. The Sun is the originator of the Solar System, which eventually is also a star, is the source of light and energy. Here, we are giving the list of amazing facts about the Solar System and its Planets that gives a general awareness to the readers.
India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.
The Hydrosphere is a combination of mass of water and the Earth's hydrosphere is made of oceans, lakes and rivers, glaciers, ice caps and icebergs. Here, we are giving interesting facts about Earth’s Hydrosphere for enhancing the knowledge of aspirant who are preparing for different competitive exams.
The Cement Industry in India is one of the basic industries in India. The organised production of cement in India was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai). Recently, sea shells, sludge obtained from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also used as raw materials besides limestone. Here, we are giving summary on the India’s Cement Industry and the list of Cement Producing States and Plants for general awareness as revision capsule to the aspirants of different competitive exams.
Corals are a kind of calcareous rock, chiefly made of the skeletons of minute sea organisms called 'polyps'. Coral reefs and atolls are formed due to the accumulation and compaction of the skeletons of these lime secreting organisms.
Volcano is a landform at the end of a conduit or pipe which rises from below the crust and vents to the surface. Magma rises and collects in the magma chamber deep below, resulting in eruptions that are effusive or explosive forming the mountain landform. The volcanic eruptions are closely associated with sea-floor spreading, plate-tectonics and mountain building process. Here, we are giving the list of World’s Major Active Volcanoes of the World which can be used for academic purpose as well as preparing for competitive exams.
Economic Geography is the study of physical and non-physical environment of man and its influence on his economic life. India is one of the richest countries in natural resources and energy. India has 24% of the total surface area of the world and about 0.57% area of the earth. As per rough estimate of Census Commission, out of total land area-10.7% is Mountainous. 18.6% are Hilly area, 27.7% is Plateau and 43.0% is Plain area.
The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.
Faunal region, also called Zoogeographic Region which can be defined on the basis of distinctive animal life by geographers. The leading ecologist and environmentalist A.R. Wallace attempted to classify the world animals into fauna regions in 1876 i.e. Palaearctic Region, Nearctic Region, Oriental Region, Ethiopian Region, and Australian Region. Here, we are giving the summary on the Fauna or Zoogeographic Regions of the World which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc.
The distribution of animal is an important area of study in Environment & Ecology as well as Zoogeography which deals with the fauna characteristics, classification, spatial distribution, association, and migration of different species of animals. Here, we are giving the list of Regional distribution of the Wild Animal around the World which will helps the aspirant in strengthening the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The ecologists and bio-geographers divided six major plant kingdoms in the world on the basis of floral characteristics i.e. Australian Kingdom; Cape Kingdom (South Africa); Antarctic Kingdom; Palaeo-tropical Kingdom; Neo-tropical Kingdom; Boreal Kingdom. Here, we are giving the 10 GK Questions on Plants and Animal Kingdoms in the form of multiple choice questions which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The Environment is our basic life support system which provides the air for breathing, the water for drinking, the food for eating and the land for a living. It is collectively portrayed all the external forces and conditions, which influences the life, nature, growth and maturity of living organism, whereas ‘Ecology’ is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.
Till now ISRO has launched maximum 20 satellites at one go; it was PSLV-C34 on June 22, 2016. But now ISRO is going to create a history by launching 104 satellites on board, a flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on 15 February 2017 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. Let us find out how this is possible and what all satellites are going to be launched by ISRO.
As, compared to other planets of the solar system, the moon is the only planet that glaze. Origin of the moon is always full of mysteries. Scientists from several years are constantly trying to find out the secrets, and in order to it the current Israeli scientists have claimed that the origin of the moon is due to the merging of 20 smaller moonlets. In this article we will see some facts related to it.
Human Settlement is a form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city. In other words, it is a process of opening up and settling on a previously uninhabited area by the people. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Settlements and Urbanization in India’ which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.
The climate of India may be broadly described as tropical monsoon type. The term “monsoon” is derived from Arabic word ‘mausim’ which means seasonal reversal in the wind direction. The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) designates four official seasons. Here, we are giving the ‘Summary on Climate of India’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India is a country of rivers. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. More than 400 big and small rivers are found, which can be divided into 23 large and 200 small river basins. Here, we are giving the ‘Indian Drainage System: A Detailed Summary’ which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
The Indian shipping industry plays an important role in the Indian economy as almost 90% of the country’s international trade is conducted by the sea. Here, we are giving summary on the Indian Shipping Industry which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The industry based on railway equipment was established as ‘Peninsular Locomotive Company’ at Singhbhum district of Jharkhand in 1921. Later, it was named as ‘Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO)’. Here, we are giving the list of the Railway Production Units in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The Indian Railways is divided into 16 zone and around 73 sub-divisional headquarter. North Zone is the largest Railway Zone of Indian Railways. There are three types of rail lines in India: Broad Gauge; Meter Gauge; and Narrow Gauge. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Railways Zones in India which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The nicknames of the cities or regions are associated with the unique characteristics such as unique geographical position, natural beauty, natural formations like lakes, type of industry, large and quality production of particular agriculture products etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian Cities and their Nicknames which will be very helpful for the preparation of different competitive examinations.
India i.e. Bharat, shall be Union of 29 States and 7 Union Territories rather than Federation of the states and UTs. Every Indian states and union territories have their symbols like state animal, state bird, state flower etc. Here, we are giving the list of Indian states and their Symbol with their common name and scientific name.
India has 13 major and 200 minor ports along with the 7517 kms long coastline. The port of India is controlled by the Central Government under the ambit of Port Trust Act, 1963. Here, we are giving the list of major ports on West Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The major ports are controlled by the central Government through Major Port Trust Act, 1963 whereas medium and minor ports (part of concurrent lists) are managed and administered by respective states. Here, we are giving the list of the major ports on the East Coast of India along with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
The road network of India has grown from 4 lakh kms in 1951 to more than 33 lakh km. It is the second largest in the world. In India, roads are classified on the basis of management into three categories: National Highways; State highways; and Border Roads. Here, we are giving the list important National Highways which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
Around 67 % of total commercial energy produced in India and 98% of India’s total account is found in Gondwana rocks of Moran region. The main regions of Gondwana rocks are found in West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. Here, we are giving the list of Major Coal Fields in India which is very important as GK Study material for the aspirants who are preparing for the different competitive examinations.