Volcano is a landform at the end of a conduit or pipe which rises from below the crust and vents to the surface. Magma rises and collects in the magma chamber deep below, resulting in eruptions that are effusive or explosive forming the mountain landform. The volcanic eruptions are closely associated with sea-floor spreading, plate-tectonics and mountain building process. Here, we are giving the list of World’s Major Active Volcanoes of the World which can be used for academic purpose as well as preparing for competitive exams.
The Earth is spheroid. Hence, it is very difficult to locate places on it unless the mathematical system is used. There are two reference points on the Earth- North Pole and South Pole. With the help of these two points it has been possible to draw the Equator, as it lies exactly midway between the poles. In order to locate places accurately, a network of lines is drawn on the globe, i.e. lines of longitudes and lines of latitude.
An Island is a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water. There are three types of Island: Continental Island; Oceanic Islands; and Tropical Island. Here, we are giving a list of the Major Islands of the World that will help the readers for enhancing general knowledge.
The Earth is only planet where life exists because of favourable atmosphere and Biosphere. It is covered around 70% by water and rest are the surface rises above sea level to form seven continent and countless smaller islands. Here, we are giving the list of Superlatives of World Geography for general awareness (GK).
Population Policies formulated to address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel, and to provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. The main objective is to achieve a stable population at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development, and environmental protection. Several policies have been formulated in different Five-Year Plans by the Government of India for population control.
Waterfalls are formed in the upper course of a river where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of drops in the course of a stream or river. Here, we are giving a list of Highest Waterfall in the world in which we have covered the name, location, source/river and approx. height in meters for general awareness.
About 70% of Earth surface is covered with water and is found in rivers, lakes, streams and oceans. Here, we are giving, the list of Major Rivers of the World which is very useful for the competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
A Lake is a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land. Some of these lakes are formed by glaciers coercion or intimidation into the ground and some are created when river valleys are blocked by dams. Here, we are giving the list of the largest lakes of the World that will help the readers for enhancing general knowledge.
The Mountains are one of the significant features of the Earth’s surface. These are such highlands whose slopes are steep and the peaks are pointed. Generally, mountains are more than 100 meters whereas hills are less than 1000 meters. Here, we are giving the list of Major Mountain Ranges of the World for general awareness to the aspirants, mountaineers and travellers.
The World's Ocean Fishing grounds are located in the cool waters of the northern hemisphere because in southern hemisphere commercial ocean fishing is less developed and best fishing grounds founded above continental shelves. Here, we are giving the list of World' major fishing ground of the world for enhancing the general knowledge of the readers.
India’s economy is largely based on agriculture and animal husbandry in which milk production plays an important role. It is also the largest buffalo milk producer in the world. There are 37 cow breed found in the country, but out of these Sahiwal, Gir, Red Sindhi, Tharparkar and Rathi are known for milking attributes. The annual production of milk in India is about146.31 Million tonnes of Milk. Here, we are the giving India’s famous breeds of cows which are found across the country.
A large water body which is surrounded by land is called a lake. Most of the lakes are permanent, while some contain water only during the rainy season. Lakes are formed by the action of glaciers and ice sheets, by wind, river action and by human activities. There are about 500,000 lakes on Earth, storing volume of water equalling 103,000 cubic Km. Most of the world's water lakes are found in North America (25%), Africa (30%) and Asia (20%).
Corals are a kind of calcareous rock, chiefly made of the skeletons of minute sea organisms called 'polyps'. Coral reefs and atolls are formed due to the accumulation and compaction of the skeletons of these lime secreting organisms.
The Indian Drainage System is distinguished as Himalayan Drainage System and Peninsular Drainage. Here, we are giving general knowledge list of the east and west flowing rivers with their characteristics which can be used as quick revision GK study material in the preparation of different competitive examinations.
Indian drainage system consists of a large number of small and big rivers. It is the outcome of the evolutionary process of the three major physiographic units and the nature and characteristics of precipitation. The Himalayan drainage system includes the Ganga, the Indus and the Brahmaputra river basins. The peninsular plateau is drained by Narmada, Tapi, the Mahanadi, the Godavari, the Krishna and the Kaveri.
From the evolution of humankind to the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from ancient world to modern world.
A Strait is a naturally formed, narrow, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. It most commonly refers to a channel of water that lies between two land masses. Here, we are giving the list of the World’s major Straits that will give general awareness to the reader in understanding how these straits connect the world.
Deserts are found in the arid and semi-arid parts o the Earth’s surface. They are mainly found on the sub-tropical high pressure belt region where the subsidence of air and the inversion of temperature take place. Here, we are giving the list of the Major Deserts of the World dealing with the concept behind its formation, the typology and deserts around the world will enhance the general awareness of the readers.
There are about 100 billion galaxies in the universe and the Milky Way Galaxy is one of it in which our Solar System exists. The Sun is the originator of the Solar System, which eventually is also a star, is the source of light and energy. Here, we are giving the list of amazing facts about the Solar System and its Planets that gives a general awareness to the readers.
India is a land of diverse range of climatic condition ranging from tropical in south, temperate and alpine in the Himalayan region, whereas some part of north-western part remains dry (Thar Desert) and some parts like Sunderban Delta, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Gulf of Kutch in Gujarat are characterised by mangrove vegetation. Hence, it very difficult to generalised the India’s diverse geographic level, and its wide range of weather. Let's find out, how pre-monsoon brings blessings and happiness to the India's markets and Farmers.
The Hydrosphere is a combination of mass of water and the Earth's hydrosphere is made of oceans, lakes and rivers, glaciers, ice caps and icebergs. Here, we are giving interesting facts about Earth’s Hydrosphere for enhancing the knowledge of aspirant who are preparing for different competitive exams.
The Cement Industry in India is one of the basic industries in India. The organised production of cement in India was started in 1904 in Madras (Now Chennai). Recently, sea shells, sludge obtained from chemical fertilizers and slag obtained from iron and steel industry are also used as raw materials besides limestone. Here, we are giving summary on the India’s Cement Industry and the list of Cement Producing States and Plants for general awareness as revision capsule to the aspirants of different competitive exams.
Economic Geography is the study of physical and non-physical environment of man and its influence on his economic life. India is one of the richest countries in natural resources and energy. India has 24% of the total surface area of the world and about 0.57% area of the earth. As per rough estimate of Census Commission, out of total land area-10.7% is Mountainous. 18.6% are Hilly area, 27.7% is Plateau and 43.0% is Plain area.
The Geo-Climate is the long-term pattern of weather in a particular area. Weather is the state of the atmosphere over short periods of time. Weather can change from hour to hour, day to day, month to month or even year to year. A region’s weather patterns, tracked for more than 30 years, are considered its climate. Here, we are giving the list of Major Crops and required Geo-climatic condition across the world which will be helpful for the entire preparation journey of aspirants.
Faunal region, also called Zoogeographic Region which can be defined on the basis of distinctive animal life by geographers. The leading ecologist and environmentalist A.R. Wallace attempted to classify the world animals into fauna regions in 1876 i.e. Palaearctic Region, Nearctic Region, Oriental Region, Ethiopian Region, and Australian Region. Here, we are giving the summary on the Fauna or Zoogeographic Regions of the World which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, and Railways etc.
The distribution of animal is an important area of study in Environment & Ecology as well as Zoogeography which deals with the fauna characteristics, classification, spatial distribution, association, and migration of different species of animals. Here, we are giving the list of Regional distribution of the Wild Animal around the World which will helps the aspirant in strengthening the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The ecologists and bio-geographers divided six major plant kingdoms in the world on the basis of floral characteristics i.e. Australian Kingdom; Cape Kingdom (South Africa); Antarctic Kingdom; Palaeo-tropical Kingdom; Neo-tropical Kingdom; Boreal Kingdom. Here, we are giving the 10 GK Questions on Plants and Animal Kingdoms in the form of multiple choice questions which strengthen the knowledge of aspirants who are preparing for the examinations like UPSC, State Services, IBPS, SBI, SCC, Railways etc.
The Environment is our basic life support system which provides the air for breathing, the water for drinking, the food for eating and the land for a living. It is collectively portrayed all the external forces and conditions, which influences the life, nature, growth and maturity of living organism, whereas ‘Ecology’ is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment.
Till now ISRO has launched maximum 20 satellites at one go; it was PSLV-C34 on June 22, 2016. But now ISRO is going to create a history by launching 104 satellites on board, a flight of Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) on 15 February 2017 from Sriharikota spaceport in Andhra Pradesh. Let us find out how this is possible and what all satellites are going to be launched by ISRO.
As, compared to other planets of the solar system, the moon is the only planet that glaze. Origin of the moon is always full of mysteries. Scientists from several years are constantly trying to find out the secrets, and in order to it the current Israeli scientists have claimed that the origin of the moon is due to the merging of 20 smaller moonlets. In this article we will see some facts related to it.
Human Settlement is a form of human habitation which ranges from a single dwelling to large city. In other words, it is a process of opening up and settling on a previously uninhabited area by the people. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Settlements and Urbanization in India’ which is very useful as GK study material for the preparation of competitive examinations like UPSC-prelims, SSC, State Services, NDA, CDS, and Railways etc.
India has a unique culture and is one of the oldest and greatest civilizations of the world. It stretches from the snow-capped Himalayas in the north to Sun drenched coastal villages of the south and the humid tropical forests on the south-west coast, from the fertile Brahmaputra valley on its east to the Thar Desert in the west. Here, we are giving ‘Summary on the Physiography of India’ as a quick revision capsule which is very useful for the preparation of competitive examinations.