The Coastal Erosion is the process of wearing away of the land by the sea due to corrosion, abrasion, hydraulic action, attrition and corrosion/solution. India's has long peninsular region and due to developmental activities are often carried out without properly understanding the coastal dynamics, leading to long-term damage, particularly to local communities. Find out the concept of Coastal erosion, findings of Ministry of Earth Sciences, and reasons for coastal erosion and measure to deal with coastal erosion for the preparation competitive examination.
The Cooperative Societies can be defined as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise". India is an agricultural country and laid the foundation of World’s biggest cooperative movement in the world. Here, we are giving a brief summary of the Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India for general awareness.
The Satavahanas dynasty played the most significant role in Indian history in the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Gupta Empire. They were also called as the Andhras in Deccan and their capital was at Paithan or Pratishthan. The Andhras were ancient people and they are mentioned in the Aitareya Brahmana. Here, we are giving the list of Satavahanas Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
From the evolution of humankind in the age of exploration, cartography has been an integral part of the human history. The word cartography is a combination of two word ‘carta’ which means map and ‘graphy’ that is something written or represented in the specified manner, or about a specified subject. Hence, we can say it is an art, technique, or practice of compiling or drawing maps or charts. Read the complete chronology of map-drawing (Cartography) techniques from the ancient world to the modern world.
The Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) was started by Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) for the purpose of creating public awareness and safeguarding the World agricultural heritage sites. There are three regions of India, which has been recognised as the Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) cities in India: Koraput, Odisha State; Kashmir Valley, Pampore region; and Kuttanad. Here, we are giving the list of Global Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) Sites in India and why these regions are chosen by FAO as GIAHS for general awareness.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on November 8, 2016, had banned old notes of 500 and 1000 rupees all over the country. This ban throws a shock wave across the country and created fear among the terrorist, corrupt officials and tax evaders. This article is based on the analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of the demonetisation.
History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Here, we are giving timeline of Indian Freedom Movement from 1885 to 1947 for general awareness.
The Indian National Congress was founded by AO Hume during the reign of Governor-General Lord Duffering. Its 1st session was held at Bombay in 1885 under the presidency of W C Banerjee. The Congress split into two parts-Moderates and Extremists in the year 1907 at the Surat Session of Congress, which was also popularly known as 'Surat Split'. Here, we are giving a comparison between Moderates and Extremist leadership of Congress with their aim, goal, methodology, ideology, social bases and the name of the leaders that will enhance the knowledge of the readers.
We always hear about Kanchipuram Silk Saree, Alphanso Mango, Nagpur Orange, Kolhapuri Chappal, Bikaneri Bhujia, Agra Petha, etc., but do you know it is Geographical Indication tags given to particular products from particular region only. Here, we are giving the concept of geographical indication, rights given by geographical indication, governing body of geographical indication and how Geographical indication different from trademark for general awareness.
Green E-Clearance is a concept of giving environmental clearance for industrial project. The Ministry of Environment and Forest (India) has made it mandatory to obtain Environmental Clearances for Construction projects having covered built-up area greater than 20,000m2. Here, we are giving the concept, projects and importance of Green E-Clearance or Green Environment Clearance for general awareness.
The Coastal zones are defined by the extent of territorial waters up to the high water mark. They are long, narrow features of mainland, islands and seas, generally forming the outer boundary of the coastal domain. Find out the concept, purpose, objectives and challenges of Coastal Zone Management for general awareness.
The Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) are rich in agricultural biodiversity and associated wildlife, and are important resources of indigenous knowledge and culture. Here, we are giving the list of Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems Sites around the World for general awareness.
FAO started to identify the economic viability of the system, the identification of environmentally sustainable strategies in the face of growing climate change, and the empowerment of small holder/traditional family farming and indigenous communities under Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS).
The Sufi Movement was a movement to establish a religion of intense devotion, love as its passion; poetry, song and dance, worship and passing away from God as ideal” rather than namaz, hajj and celibacy. Here, we are giving the list of Sufi Saints and their Contribution for general awareness.
The ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) play important role in the global circulation system and also known as the Equatorial Convergence Zone or Intertropical Front. It is a basically low pressure belt encircling Earth near the Equator. It is a zone of convergence where the trade winds meet. Here, we are giving the concept, causes and impact of ITCZ (Intertropical Convergence Zone) for general awareness.
About 60 per cent of the landmass in India is susceptible to earthquakes and over 8 per cent is prone to floods. Of the nearly 7,500 km long coastline, more than 5,500 km is prone to cyclones. Around 68 per cent area is also susceptible to drought. Here, we are giving the concept of natural disaster and its classification for general awareness.
90 per cent of India's river discharges their water into the Bay of Bengal and rest are in the Arabian Sea. The drainage systems flowing into the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal are separated by a water divide extending approximately along the Western Ghats, Aravalli and Yamuna Sutlej divide. Here, we are giving the list of Major Rivers in India for general awareness.
The administrative structure of the Mughal Empire was centralised based on military power. The Mughal emperors accepted two primary duties for themselves, Jahanbani (protection of the state) and Jahangiri (extension of the empire). Here, we are giving the list of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire for general awareness.
The Chera Dynasty was one of the three major Kingdoms of Tamilkam and ruled over the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India. The word Chera probably derived from Cheral, meaning "declivity of a mountain" in ancient Tamil. They were also known as ‘Keraputras’ and their kingdom was situated to the west and north of the Pandya kingdom. Here, we are giving the list of Chera Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Mughal ruled for around 200 years. The Mughal Rulers built an empire and laid the foundations of administration upon which the British built further. There were 15 suba at the end of Akbar reign, which later increased to 20 under Aurangzeb. Here, we are giving the list of officers in Mughal Administration for general awareness.
The Pala Dynasty, which originated in the region of Bengal as an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty was named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of Palau, which meant "protector". They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism. They were insightful diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was equipped with war elephant cavalry. Here, we are giving the list of Pala Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The organ system functions according to the particular organ like digestive system; it processes the food, etc. Organism’s survival depends upon the integrated activity of the organs and organ system with that of endocrine and nervous system. This article deals about the list of human body organs and tissue that can be donated and the criteria of their donation.
The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut on May 20, 1498 opens a sea route from Europe to the East. After that India became the focal point of the Europe's trade and also the realm of European ambition getting wider to grab Spice Islands trade monopoly which causes numerous naval battle. Here, we are giving an interesting glimpse of the trivial fact, in the Indian history about when and why British first landed on Indian Territory.
The Vijaynagara Kingdom was founded by Harihar I and Bukka I (Son of Sangama) in 1336 AD. This Kingdom was ruled by four dynasties- Sangama, Saluva, Taluva and Aravidu. Most of the king followed Vaishnavism. Here, we are giving the list of Temples Built during the Vijaynagara Empire for general awareness.
The Pallava Dynasty was one of the South Indian ruling dynasties which gained prominence after the eclipse of the Satavahanas dynasty, whom the Pallavas served as feudatories. They were patronage of architecture, the finest example being the Shore Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mahabalipuram. Here we are giving the list of Pallavas Rulers of Kanchipuram and their contribution for general awareness.
Beginning of 17th century witnesses the rise of new Warrior class Marathas when the Bhonsle family of the Poona district got military as well as political advantage by Ahmednagar kingdom that get advantage of being local. Therefore, they took privileges and recruited a large number of Maratha sardas and soldiers in their armies. Shivaji was an expert soldier and an efficient administrator. Here, we are giving the list of Battles fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for the general awareness.
Government of India has created some standards for almost every product to protect the economic interests of all citizens. These standards are like "AGMARK" for agricultural products, ISI mark for electric products, BIS mark for gold ornaments and “FPO mark" for all the "processed fruit products". This article will explain some of the most essential certification marks to protect the consumer rights.
Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, which is made up by election of upto 530 members to represent the States, upto 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the Hon'ble President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House. Here, we are giving the list of Indian States that have the highest number of Lok Sabha seats for general awareness.