Charter Act, 1793 provisionalised the Company’s trade monopoly with India. The realm of Governance of Governor-General increased over the Governors of Bombay and Madras. The Supreme Court’s jurisdiction was increased to the high seas.
The Cooperative Societies can be defined as an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social, and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise". India is an agricultural country and laid the foundation of World’s biggest cooperative movement in the world. Here, we are giving a brief summary of the Cooperative Movement and Cooperative Societies in India for general awareness.
The Satavahanas dynasty played the most significant role in Indian history in the period between the fall of the Mauryas and the rise of the Gupta Empire. They were also called as the Andhras in Deccan and their capital was at Paithan or Pratishthan. The Andhras were ancient people and they are mentioned in the Aitareya Brahmana. Here, we are giving the list of Satavahanas Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Acts & Reforms during British rule laid down the legal framework for the organisation and functioning of government and administration in British India. These Acts & Reforms have greatly influenced our Constitution and polity. Here is the list of Acts & Reforms after 1857 during British rule so that aspirant can easily learn it.
The British Acts & Reforms during colonialism in India witnesses the evolution administrative as well as legislative structure that can also seen in today’s India.
Government of India Act, 1858 was passed to end the rule of company and transferred it to the British crown which was the outcome of 1857 revolt.The British Governor-General of India was given the title of viceroy who became the representative of the monarch.
As Percy Bysshe Shelley said that the 'History is a cyclic poem written by Time upon the memories of man’. Here, we are giving the List of an important Dates and Events of Modern history, in a chronological manner as well as important events that happened in Indian Modern History which is very useful for the aspirants of exams like UPSC-prelims, IAS-prelims, CPF, CDS, NDA and different State PSC exams.
History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Here, we are giving timeline of Indian Freedom Movement from 1885 to 1947 for general awareness.
The Indian National Congress was founded by AO Hume during the reign of Governor-General Lord Duffering. Its 1st session was held at Bombay in 1885 under the presidency of W C Banerjee. The Congress split into two parts-Moderates and Extremists in the year 1907 at the Surat Session of Congress, which was also popularly known as 'Surat Split'. Here, we are giving a comparison between Moderates and Extremist leadership of Congress with their aim, goal, methodology, ideology, social bases and the name of the leaders that will enhance the knowledge of the readers.
The Indian National Congress was formed in 1885. It was the nucleus of a future parliament for our country. Here is the list of session of Indian National Congress held before independence in which venue, year of session and the President name is given.
The Indian Council Act of 1892 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that empowered legislative councils in British India by increasing their size which laid the foundation of Parliamentary system in India and considered as the landmark in the constitutional development of India.
This comprehensive Study Material “History of Modern India” is designed with the reference of NCERT books and some more books like India for Independence by Bipin Chandra, Sumit Sarkar etc. That will cater the requirements of not only the school going students but also for those who are pursuing their degree courses and even for those who are preparing for competitive exams.
Indian Council Act of 1909 is also known as Morley- Monto Reform. It was instituted to placate the Moderates ( Congress) and introduces separate electorates on the basis of religion. Therefore Lord Minto came to be known as "Father of Communal Electorate in India".
Government of India Act of 1935 marked the second milestone towards a completely responsible government in India. It ended Diarchy and provided the establishment of All India Federation. This act served some useful purposes by the experiment of provincial autonomy, thus we can say that the Government of India Act 1935 marks a point of no return in the history of constitutional development in India.
The Sufi Movement was a movement to establish a religion of intense devotion, love as its passion; poetry, song and dance, worship and passing away from God as ideal” rather than namaz, hajj and celibacy. Here, we are giving the list of Sufi Saints and their Contribution for general awareness.
Government of India Act, 1919 also known as Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms which came into force in 1921 . It was instituted in the British Indian polity to introduce the Diarchy, i.e., rule of two which means executive councilors and popular ministers.
The Bhakti Movement was the outcome of rigidity in religion and the objects of worship. The Bhakti Movement Saints and teachers belonged to various backgrounds, but mainly from the lower castes. They strongly preach the need for tolerance among humans and religions. It became popular just because this movement challenged the caste system and superiority of Brahamanas. Here, we are giving the list of Saints and Teachers of the Bhakti Movement for general awareness.
Charter Act of 1853 was framed on the basis of reports made by the Select Committees of Enquiry in 1852.The Act for the first time introduced Local Representation in the Indian (Central) Legislative Council.
Charter Act of 1833 was the outcome of Industrial Revolution in England which envisages that Indian’s had to function as market for the English mass production on the basis of ‘Laissez Faire’. This act replaced the office of Governor-General of Bengal with the Governor-General of India.
The Pandya Kingdom was first mentioned by Megasthenese who said that their kingdom was famous for pearls. They occupied the region of the modern districts of Tirunelveli, Ramnad and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. Madurai was their capital, situated on the bank of river Vagai. Here, we are giving the list of Pandya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The administrative structure of the Mughal Empire was centralised based on military power. The Mughal emperors accepted two primary duties for themselves, Jahanbani (protection of the state) and Jahangiri (extension of the empire). Here, we are giving the list of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire for general awareness.
The Chera Dynasty was one of the three major Kingdoms of Tamilkam and ruled over the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India. The word Chera probably derived from Cheral, meaning "declivity of a mountain" in ancient Tamil. They were also known as ‘Keraputras’ and their kingdom was situated to the west and north of the Pandya kingdom. Here, we are giving the list of Chera Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Mughal ruled for around 200 years. The Mughal Rulers built an empire and laid the foundations of administration upon which the British built further. There were 15 suba at the end of Akbar reign, which later increased to 20 under Aurangzeb. Here, we are giving the list of officers in Mughal Administration for general awareness.
Charter Act of 1813 asserted the Crown’s sovereignty over British India by defining the constitutional position of British in India. It also increases the realm of British merchants in private trading.
The Pala Dynasty, which originated in the region of Bengal as an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty was named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of Palau, which meant "protector". They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism. They were insightful diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was equipped with war elephant cavalry. Here, we are giving the list of Pala Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Chola rulers were not only mighty conquerors and great administrators, but also great builders. They were great patrons of art; during their reign, the most magnificent temples and exquisite bronze icons were created in South India. These temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the Dravida type of temple which are now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".Here, we are giving the list of temples built during the Chola Period for general awareness.
The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
Regulating Act of 1773 was of great constitutional importance as it was the first step taken by the British Government to control and regulate the affairs of East India Company in India and also recognised the political and administrative functions of the Company for the first time.
Doctrine of lapse was the pro-imperialist approach to expand the realm of British Kingdom in India. It was introduced by Dalhousie.The Doctrine equipped with an idea to annex those states which have no heir, get lapsed the right of ruling and it will not reverted by adoption.