The Sufi Movement was a movement to establish a religion of intense devotion, love as its passion; poetry, song and dance, worship and passing away from God as ideal” rather than namaz, hajj and celibacy. Here, we are giving the list of Sufi Saints and their Contribution for general awareness.
The Bhakti Movement was the outcome of rigidity in religion and the objects of worship. The Bhakti Movement Saints and teachers belonged to various backgrounds, but mainly from the lower castes. They strongly preach the need for tolerance among humans and religions. It became popular just because this movement challenged the caste system and superiority of Brahamanas. Here, we are giving the list of Saints and Teachers of the Bhakti Movement for general awareness.
The administrative structure of the Mughal Empire was centralised based on military power. The Mughal emperors accepted two primary duties for themselves, Jahanbani (protection of the state) and Jahangiri (extension of the empire). Here, we are giving the list of Administrative Departments under the Mughal Empire for general awareness.
The Chera Dynasty was one of the three major Kingdoms of Tamilkam and ruled over the present-day state of Kerala and to a lesser extent, parts of Tamil Nadu in South India. The word Chera probably derived from Cheral, meaning "declivity of a mountain" in ancient Tamil. They were also known as ‘Keraputras’ and their kingdom was situated to the west and north of the Pandya kingdom. Here, we are giving the list of Chera Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Mughal ruled for around 200 years. The Mughal Rulers built an empire and laid the foundations of administration upon which the British built further. There were 15 suba at the end of Akbar reign, which later increased to 20 under Aurangzeb. Here, we are giving the list of officers in Mughal Administration for general awareness.
The Pala Dynasty, which originated in the region of Bengal as an imperial power during the Late Classical period on the Indian subcontinent. The dynasty was named after its ruling dynasty, whose rulers bore names ending with the suffix of Palau, which meant "protector". They were followers of the Mahayana and Tantric schools of Buddhism. They were insightful diplomats and military conquerors. Their army was equipped with war elephant cavalry. Here, we are giving the list of Pala Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Chalukya Dynasty was one of the powerful dynasties of southern and central India between the 6th and the 12th century AD. The rule of this dynasty is marked an important milestone in the history of South India and a golden age in the history of Karnataka. Here, we are giving the list of Chalukya Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The Chola rulers were not only mighty conquerors and great administrators, but also great builders. They were great patrons of art; during their reign, the most magnificent temples and exquisite bronze icons were created in South India. These temples of Southern India represent an outstanding creative achievement in the architectural conception of the pure form of the Dravida type of temple which are now known as the "Great Living Chola Temples".Here, we are giving the list of temples built during the Chola Period for general awareness.
The Chola Dynasty was the greatest among all the south Indian dynasties. They ruled beyond the sea like Maldives Islands and Sri Lanka which shows that they had very efficient as well as huge naval power. Here, we are giving the list of Chola Rulers and their contribution for general awareness.
The arrival of Vasco da Gama in Calicut on May 20, 1498 opens a sea route from Europe to the East. After that India became the focal point of the Europe's trade and also the realm of European ambition getting wider to grab Spice Islands trade monopoly which causes numerous naval battle. Here, we are giving an interesting glimpse of the trivial fact, in the Indian history about when and why British first landed on Indian Territory.
The Vijaynagara Kingdom was founded by Harihar I and Bukka I (Son of Sangama) in 1336 AD. This Kingdom was ruled by four dynasties- Sangama, Saluva, Taluva and Aravidu. Most of the king followed Vaishnavism. Here, we are giving the list of Temples Built during the Vijaynagara Empire for general awareness.
Beginning of 17th century witnesses the rise of new Warrior class Marathas when the Bhonsle family of the Poona district got military as well as political advantage by Ahmednagar kingdom that get advantage of being local. Therefore, they took privileges and recruited a large number of Maratha sardas and soldiers in their armies. Shivaji was an expert soldier and an efficient administrator. Here, we are giving the list of Battles fought by Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj for the general awareness.
The Mansabdari System was introduced by Mughal emperor Akbar as new administrative machinery and revenue system. The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. Here, we are giving complete information on how the mechanism of the Mansabdari System used in Mughal Administration.
The advent of the Mughal rule in India bought in rich culture and ethical changes. The history of Akbar dates down to the 16th century AD. He ruled India from 1556 to 1605 AD. He was the son of Humayun, who ruled over India for 26 years. In large the Mughals surely came to annex India under Babur, but they were unlike other cruel rulers who plundered India. The Mughals In fact helped India to flourish under their kingship.
Kashmir has a distinct history of the other states of India. Art work, unique temples and monuments were the main attractions. The Kashmir region also grew economically despite of harsh weather conditions. The famous tales of Panchtantra were written in the 14th century. The Sanskrit language reached to a greater height. The people became highly qualified. This is the golden era in the Kashmir valley.
Mathematics is a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement. The Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji are classical Indian mathematician whose contribution made immortal. Here, we are giving the list of Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India with their contribution.
After the death of King harsh, the new ruling class emerges in the Indian Subcontinent i.e., Rajput. The myriads of Rajput dynasties carved a new dimension to the politics of the Indian subcontinent. Here, we are giving a complete overview of the political condition of the Rajputs, which will help the readers to their general knowledge about this warrior clan of early medieval India.
The Indian Sub-continent is one of the earliest civilisations in the World that made dream destination for the travellers and scholars. Here, we are giving the list of Foreign Travellers who came to India in Medieval Period that will be very beneficial for the aspirants who are preparing for different competitive examinations.
The origin of the word “Rupee” is from Sanskrit word Rupya which means shaped, stamped, impressed, coin and also from the Sanskrit word “raupya” which means silver. There was a long history of struggle, exploration and wealth which can be traced back to the ancient India of the 6th Century BC regarding rupee. The Paper Currency Act of 1861 gave the Government the monopoly of note issued throughout the vast expanse of British India.
Alberuni was a renowned philosopher, a mathematician and a historian. He came in contact with Mahmud when he had invaded Khiva and he was presented before him as prisoner. In his book Tahqiq-i-Hind in which he portrays the social, political, religious and economic condition of the then India. Here, we are giving the Alberuni’s description of India to understand the socio-political-economical situation of that era.
The Babri Masjid- Ram Janmabhumi Disputes has proven to be sources of religious and political conflicts. The main issues is moving around possession of site because groups of Hindu organisation claim that Mosque was built after demolishing the temple and also the site to be the birthplace of the Hindu deity i.e. Rama whereas Muslim claims that the Mosque was never built after the demolition but with the help of the ruins of temples. Here, we are giving a complete timeline of Babri Masjid - Ram Janmabhoomi Dispute Case to understand the issue, how and why the issues remain unsolved.
The Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate was the first Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate and the various historians designated as the Slave Dynasty or the Mameluq Dynasty or the Ilbari Dynasty. Here, we are giving a complete Summary on the Ilbary Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate which can be used as revision capsule by the aspirants of different competitive examinations.
The rise of Vijayanagar Empire was accompanied by the decline of Delhi Sultanate. The empire was ruled by four dynasties. I.e. Sangama dynasty, Saluva dynasty, Tuluva dynasty, and Aravidu dynasty. The rulers of Vijayanagar Empire devoted themselves to the growth of agriculture, and built cities and capitals with magnificent buildings. The different aspects of Society and Economy under Vijaynagara Empire are contained in narratives of foreign travellers, inscriptions, and literature.
The Vijaynagar Empire was founded by Harihara and Bukka in AD 1336 and made Hastinavati (Hampi) as the capital city. They ruled over Andhra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and parts of Kerala in southern India. Here, we are giving the gist of the cultural history of Vijaynagar Empire that will refine the knowledge about how architecture, art, music and literature developed under this kingdom.
The Tughlaqs were a Muslim family of Turkic origin. The dynasty reached its zenith point between AD 1330 and 1335 when Muhammad Bin Tughlaq led military campaign. Its rule was marked by torture, cruelty and rebellions, resulting in the rapid disintegration of the dynasty's territorial reach after 1335 AD. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Delhi Sultanate under Tughlaq Dynasty, which can be used by aspirants of any competitive exams.
The establishment of Delhi Sultanate began with the invasion of Muhammad Ghori. He had brought a large number of slaves and appointment them as officers. When he died in AD 1206 resulted in a scramble for supremacy among his three generals- Qutub-ud-din Aibek (Commander of his army), Tajuddin Yalduz (ruled Karman and Sankuran between Afghanistan and Sind) and Nasiruddin Qubacha (held). Here, we are giving a timeline of Delhi Sultanate in chronological order and causes of decline of Delhi Sultanate.
The Khiljis served under the Ilbari dynasty of Delhi. Malik Firuz was the founder of the Khilji Dynasty who was originally the Ariz-I-Mumalik appointed by Kaiqubad during the days of the decline of the Ilbari Dynasty. He took advantage of the political vacuum and ascended the throne of Delhi as Jalal-ud-din Firuz Khilji.
The Lodhi Dynasty under the Delhi Sultanate was the first Afghan Pashtun Dynasty in India who ruled from AD 1451 to 1526.This dynasty replaced the Sayyid Dynasty and it was a period of reforms in administration, strengthening the army, gearing up the machinery of land revenue administration, expansion and improvement of the cultivation and welfare of the people. Here, we are giving a complete overview on the Lodhi Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The Sayyid Dynasty was founded by Khizr Khan, who was the governor of Multan and Timur's deputy in India. This dynasty ruled for 37 years from 1414 to 1451 AD by four rulers- Khizr Khan, Mubarak, Muhammad Shah, Alam Shah. Here, we are giving a complete detailed summary on the Sayyid Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The architecture of the Sultanate Period manifested the aesthetic heritage of new sultans which include both religious and secular structures i.e. Indo-Islamic architecture. For Example- The dome is the prominent feature of the mosque in contrast to the Sikhar of Hindu temples. Here, we are giving an account of the architectural landmarks of the Sultanate period in which we have covered the name of builder, location and the characteristics of architecture.