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Reforms and Movement

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Dec 11, 2010
It was a transitional movement in Europe between the mediaval and the modern which brought back the classic ideals in literature, painting and architecture.

American Civil War

Dec 11, 2010
Fought by the settlers in America against the sovereignty of British Empire under the leadership of George Washington in 1776-83.

Magna Carta

Dec 11, 2010
It was the Charter of Liberties which King John II was forced to sign in 1215. It meant to put a check upon the arbitrary Powers of the King. The most important principle that it laid down was that Englishmen should be governed by definite laws and not by the whims or the will of a despotic ruler.


Dec 11, 2010
The cult of the Nazis or of the National Socialism of Hitler in pre-war Germany,

Russian Revolution

Dec 11, 2010
It came about in 1917 during Czar Nicholas’s regime. The people in his time were very poor and the Czar suppressed them ruthlessly. A full-scale revolt broke out in 1917 when the Soviet Council of Workers sprang into action.

The Bill of Rights

Dec 11, 2010
It was the name given to a law declaring the rights and liberties of British subjects and settling the question of succession to the British Crown, passed by Parliament in 1689. The significance of the bill lies in that it not only clarified the existing law but also placed monarchy in England on a constitutional basis.

The Crusades

Dec 11, 2010
Military expeditions undertaken by some Christian Nations to ensure the safety to pilgrims visiting the Holy sepulchre and to retain in Christian hands the Holy Places (1095-1217).

French Revolution

Dec 11, 2010
It was brought about in 1789 by the revolutionary teachings of French philosophers namely, Rousseau, Voltaire and Montesquieu.

Reformation Movement in Germany

Dec 11, 2010
A great religious movement of the 16th century, under the leadership of Martin Luther; resulted in the establishment of protestantism.

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