Jammu and Kashmir is the only state that has its own constitution and National Flag in the Republic of India. Constitution of India also applied in this state. Permanent residents of this state get all the Fundamental Rights granted to the citizens of India. In this article we will learn about the main features of the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir.
The 11th Schedule of Indian Constitution was added in 1992 by the 73rd Constitution Amendment Act. This schedule contains 29 subjects. This schedule covers important topics such as Panchayat's powers, rural development, poverty alleviation, market, roads and drinking water etc.
The name of the first voter of Independent India is Shyam Saran Negi, who had been a teacher by profession. Incidentally, this person is also called the first voter of Independent India. Shyam Saran Negi was born on 1 July 1917 in Kalpa in Himachal Pradesh.
Article 370 of the Constitution of India provides a special status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The state owes its origin in the rapid accession of the province of Jammu and Kashmir to India amidst invasive fear from Pakistan. Special provisions are provided to this state in part XXI of our constitution.
The Complete Study Material on the “Indian Polity & Governance” is designed such a way that a well-educated aspirant will be able to answer them without any specialized study. The questions in different competitive examination are such that to test the aspirants general awareness of a variety of discipline.
Indian Constitution when adopted by Constituent Assembly in 1949 had 395 articles and 22 parts. Many other articles and three other parts were added to it by subsequent constitutional amendments. As of now Indian constitution contains more than 444 articles in 25 parts. Here, we are giving GK list of Important Articles of the Indian Constitution for the aspirants of the different examinations like IAS/IPS/PSC/State Exams/SSC/CDS/NDA/Railways etc which can be used as quick revision capsule.
Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the Constitution is 552, which is made up by election of upto 530 members to represent the States, upto 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of the Anglo-Indian Community to be nominated by the Hon'ble President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House. Here, we are giving the list of Indian States that have the highest number of Lok Sabha seats for general awareness.
The term ‘pressure group’ originated from in the USA. A pressure group is a group of people who are organised actively for promoting and defending their common interest. They are a vital link between the government and the governed. They keep governments more responsive to the wishes of the community, especially in between elections. They are different from the political parties in that they neither contest elections nor try to capture political power but their activism influence the public policy (Government Decision).
All the legislative powers of the federal Government are vested in the Parliament. The laws framed by the Indian Parliament are enforced in the whole of the country. The Parliament of India is a bi-cameral legislature. It consists of two houses- Rajyasabha & Lok Sabha and President of India. Rajyasabha is the upper chamber of the Parliament while Lok Sabha is the lower chamber of the Parliament.
Article 63 of Indian Constitution states that "there shall be a Vice-President of India. Vice-President is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of the members of both houses of the Parliament. State Legislature has no role in this election. Vice-President is the ex- officio chairman of the Rajya Sabha.
The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Though borrowed from almost every constitution of the world, the constitution of India has several salient features that distinguish it from the constitutions of other countries. Here, we are giving the list borrowed features of Indian Constitution which is very useful for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations.
The constitution of India deals with the citizenship from the articles 5 to 11 under Part II. The Citizenship Act, 1995 prescribes 5 way of acquiring citizenship i.e. Birth, Descent, Registration, Naturalization and Incorporation of the territory. The Nationality can be obtained by Birth and Inheritance.
By e-Government we mean the use of ICT in government operations, as a tool to increase the outreach of the government services to the general public. e-Governance, on the other hand, implies the use of ICT in transforming and supporting functions and structures of the system.
The President is considered the first citizen of India. It is the highest Constitutional post in the country. The Electoral College elects the President of India. Without the President's signature no law can be formed and his tenure is of 5 years. Through this article, the list of the candidates who have been elected as president so far is being given and some important facts related to them.
In the October 2017, the Government of India decided to increase the salary of The President of India from Rs. 1.5 lac /month to Rs. 5 lac / month. In addition to the salary the president receives other allowances in which free medical, housing and treatment facilities (whole life) are provided. After this new salary the president will get Rs. 1.5 lac /month as pension.
In the scheme of parliamentary system of the government provided by the constitution, the president is the nominal executive authority (de jure executive) and Prime Minister is the real executive authority (de facto executive). So president is the head of the state while Prime Minster is the head of the government. In this article, we have explained about the Power and Functions of the Prime Minister of India.
Although we all have read and heard about human rights but people talk lesser about children's rights because people think that they are children, so what kind of rights children can have? But for the kind information of such ignorant we made this article so that rights of the children can also be known by parents and other civilians.
Members of Parliament are representative of public to put their problems in front of the leaders of the country. But recent disruption during winter session of the parliament caused the loss of Rs. 144 crore or Rs. 2.5 lakhs/minute to the exchequer. So this wastage of public money raised a serious question on the functioning of the parliament.
Articles 153 to 167 in Part VI of the Indian Constitution deal with the State Executive. The State Executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister, the Council of Ministers and the Advocate General of the State. At present India has 29 state governors and 7 administrators of Union Territories.
Article 75 of the Indian Constitution envisages that there will be a Prime Minister of India who shall be appointed by the President. Prime Minister is the leader of the Cabinet Ministers. Main executive powers of the government are vested in the Prime Minister while the President is the nominal head of the State.
In order to maintain a legal system in a huge country like India, the constitution had laid down the foundation of system of Law. As against Indian army and other paramilitary forces, our police force is mainly responsible for maintaining internal peace and security of the country. In this article, we have provided all the information related to FIR and have tried to clear up various suspicions in order to provide guidance to the people.
At present, Constitution of India comprises of 448 articles in 25 parts & 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 100 amendments. Originally our constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules. It is observed that questions based on the Indian constitution are always asked in many competitive exams like UPSC/PSC/SSC/CDS etc. So to cater these exams we made a list of important articles in this topic.
Articles from 153 to 167 in Part VI of the constitution deal with the state executive. The state executive consists of the Governor, the Chief Minister the Council of Ministers and the Advocate General of the State. The post of the Governor at the state level is like the President at the centre.
The Supreme Court of India was inaugurated on January 28, 1950. It succeeded the Federal Court of India and established under the Government of India Act, 1935. Articles from 124 to 147 in Part V of the constitution deal with the organization, independence, jurisdiction, powers procedures of the Supreme Court. At present Supreme Court has 31 judges including the Chief Justice of India.
The Parliament of India is comprises of Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha and President of India. Article 79 of the Indian constitution says that India will have a parliament for making laws to run the democratic set up of the country.
The Union Budget of India, which is known also as the ‘Annual financial statement’ in the Article 112 of the Indian Constitution. The first Union budget of independent India was presented by R. K. Shanmukham Chetty on November 26, 1947. Former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and former finance minister Yashwant Sinha are the only two leaders who presented the Union Budget of India 5 times consecutively.
Bills introduced in the Parliament are of two kinds: public bills and private bills (also known as government bills and private members’ bills respectively). Though both are governed by the same general procedure and pass through the same stages in the House.
The parliamentary system in India taken from the British constitution. The council of ministers is lead by the prime minister, who is the real executive authority of the Indian political system. Article 74 of our constitution deals with the status of the council of ministers while article 75 deals with the appointment, tenure, responsibility, oath, qualification, allowances and salaries of the ministers.
The emergency provisions are contained in part XVIII of the constitution, from articles 352 to 360. National Emergency is mentioned in the article 352 and president’s rule is mentioned in article 356 of the Indian constitution. National Emergency can be proclaimed only when country is threatened by war, external aggression or armed rebellion.
Supreme Court is the apex court in India which came into existence on 26th January, 1950 and is located on Tilak Marg, New Delhi. It is a Constitutional body which is laid down in Part V of the Chapter V of the Constitution of India from Articles 124 to 147. It consists of Chief justice of India and 30 other Judges designated by the President of India and the retirement age of Supreme Court Judges is 65 years. Here are some interesting facts related to Supreme Court of India.