Constitution of India: features taken from other countries

30-AUG-2017 11:05

The Indian Constitution is unique in its contents and spirit. Though borrowed from almost every constitution of the world, the constitution of India has several salient features that distinguish it from the constitutions of other countries. Many people criticised that the Indian Constitution is a bag of borrowings or is a more paper and scissor work. It is worth knowing that it has borrowed features but drafted according to the Historical perspective of India; Geographical diversity of India; and Cultural and traditional characteristics of India. The chairman of drafting committee Dr. Ambedkar had said in this regard that – “As to the accusation that the Draft Constitution has reproduced a good part of the provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, I make no apologies. There is nothing to be ashamed of in borrowing. It involves no plagiarism. Nobody holds any patent rights in the fundamental ideas of a Constitution….”

Adopted Features of Indian Constitution

Here, we are giving the list borrowed features of Indian Constitution which is very useful for the students who are preparing for the competitive examinations as follows:

Government of India Act of 1935

1. Federal Scheme
2. Office of governor
3. Judiciary
4. Public Service Commis-sions
5. Emergency provisions
6. Administrative details

Britain

1. Parliamentary government
2. Rule of Law
3. Legislative procedure
4. Single citizenship
5. Cabinet system
6. Prerogative writs
7. Parliamentary privileges
8. Bicameralism

Ireland

1. Directive Principles of State Policy
2. Nomination of mem-bers to Rajya Sabha
3. Method of election of president

Unites States of America

1.Impeachment of the president
2.Functions of president and vice-president
3.Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges
4.Fundamental Rights
5.Judicial review
6.Independence of judiciary
7.Preamble of the constitution

The National Anthem of India: Crucial Facts at a Glance

Canada

1. Federation with a strong Centre
2. Vesting of residuary powers in the Centre
3. Appointment of state governors by the Centre
4. Advisory jurisdiction of the Supreme Court

Australia

1. Concurrent List
2. Freedom of trade
3. Commerce and inter-course
4. Joint sitting of the two Houses of Parliament

Soviet Constitution (USSR, now Russia)

1. Fundamental duties
2. The ideal of justice (social, economic and po-i Russia) litical) in the Preamble

France

1. The ideals of Republic in the Preamble
2. The ideals of liberty in the Preamble
3. The ideals ofequality in the Preamble
4. The ideals offraternity in the Preamble

Weimar Constitution of Germany

1. Suspension of Fundamental Rights during Emergency

South African Constitution

1. Procedure for amendment of the Constitution
2. Election of members of Rajya Sabha

Japan

1.Concept of “procedure established by Law”

List of Borrowed Features of Indian Constitution

Name of Countries

Borrowed Features of the Constitution

Britain

1. Parliamentary government
2. Rule of Law
3. Legislative procedure
4. Single citizenship
5. Cabinet system
6. Prerogative writs
7. Parliamentary privileges
8. Bicameralism

Ireland

 

1. Directive Principles of State Policy

2. Method of Election of the president

3. Members nomination to the Rajya Sabha by the President

Unites States of America

1.Impeachment of the president

2.Functions of president and vice-president

3.Removal of Supreme Court and High court judges

4. Fundamental Rights

5. Judicial review

6. Independence of judiciary

7.Preamble of the constitution

Canada

 

1. Centrifugal form of federalism where the centre is stronger than the states.

2.Residuary powers vest with the centre

3. Centre appoints the Governors at the states

4.Advisory jurisdiction of the supreme court

Australia

 

1. Concept of Concurrent list

2.Article 108 i.e. Joint sitting of the two houses

3. Freedom of trade and commerce

USSR (Now Russia)

 

1.Fundamental duties

2. The ideals of justice (social, economic and political), expressed in the Preamble.

France

 

1.Concept of  “Republic”

2. Ideals of Liberty, Equality and Fraternity(contained in the Preamble)

Germany

 

1. Fundamental Rights are suspended during Emergency

South Africa

 

1. Election of members of the Rajya Sabha

2. Amendment of the Constitution

Japan

1. Concept of “procedure established by Law”

As we know our constitution is the lengthiest written constitution, one factor contributing to it having been drawn from many different sources. The constituent assembly assessed many constitutions and drafted one taking all the provisions that best applied to India’s diversity. Dr. B R Ambedkar rightly claimed it to be framed after “ransacking” the known constitution.

Indian Constitution: Important Amendments at a Glance

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