List of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel

11-JUL-2017 00:00

Israel has become the fastest growing economy and technological powerhouse after 50 years of its establishment, because country's has a tremendous combination of the educational and scientific infrastructure with the country's most pressing problems unexpectedly made for a creative synthesis which set development into motion. Here, we are giving list of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel in areas like Mathematics, Robotics, Chemistry, Physics, Optics, Economics, Biotechnology, computer science, Computing & Computer hardware, and arms and ammunition for Defence for general awareness.

Israel

Mathematics

1. Johnson–Lindenstrauss lemma

Given by: Joram Lindenstrauss

2.  Measurement of rigidity

Given by: Elon Lindenstrauss

3. Proof of Szemeredi's theorem

Solved by:  Hillel Furstenberg

4. Expansion of axiomatic set theory and the ZF set theory

Given by: Abraham Fraenkel.

5. Area of automorphic forms and L-functions

Given by:  Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro

6. Sauer–Shelah lemma and Shelah cardinal

Given by: Norbert Sauer and Saharon Shelah

7. Zig-zag product of graphs

Given by:  Avi Wigderson

8. Bernstein–Sato polynomial and proof of the Kazhdan–Lusztig conjectures

Given by:  Joseph Bernstein

9. Amitsur–Levitzki theorem

Given by:  Shimshon Amitsur

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Robotics

10. ReWalk

Manufacturer‎: ‎ReWalk Robotics

11. Robotic guidance system for spine surgery

Given by: Mazor Robotics

Chemistry

12. Model of quasicrystals

Discovered by:  Nobel Prize winner Dan Shechtman of the Technion

13. Role of protein Ubiquitin

Discovered by:  Avram Hershko and Aaron Ciechanover of the Technion Institute (together with the American biologist Irwin Rose)

13. Multiscale models for complex chemical systems

Discovered by: Arieh Warshel and Michael Levitt of the Weizmann Institute of Science

Physics

14. Eshkol-Wachman Movement Notation

Developed by: Noa Eshkol and Avraham Wachman

15. Prediction of Quarks

Discovered by:  Yuval Ne'eman of Tel Aviv University (together with the American physicist Murray Gell-Mann)

16. Aharonov–Bohm effect

Discovered by:  Yakir Aharonov and David Bohm

17. Formulation of Black holes Entropy

Given by: Jacob Bekenstein

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Optics

17. World's smallest video camera – a camera with a 0.99 mm

Designed by:  Medigus

18. The Pillcam

Developed by:  Given Imaging

Economics

19. Explanation of irrational human economic choices

Explained by:  Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky

20. Game theory

Given by: Israel Aumann of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

21. Rubinstein bargaining model

Given by:  Ariel Rubinstein

Biotechnology

22. Nanowire

Developed by:  Uri Sivan, Erez Braun and Yoav Eichen from the Technion

23. World's smallest DNA computing machine system

Developed by: Weizmann Institute of Science by Professor Ehud Shapiro and his team

Theoretical computer science

24. Concept of nondeterministic finite automatons

Introduced by: Michael O. Rabin

25. Temporal logic into computing science

Introduced by: Amir Pnueli

26. Lempel–Ziv–Welch algorithm

Explained by: Abraham Lempel and Jacob Ziv of the Technion institute, Terry Welch (American Information theorist)

27. RSA public key encryption

Introduced by: Adi Shamir with Ron Rivest, and Leonard Adleman

28. Differential cryptanalysis

 Invented by: Adi Shamir

Computing & Computer hardware

29. Intel 8088 - the first PC CPU from IBM

Designed by: Israel at Intel's Haifa laboratory

30. Quicktionary Electronic dictionary

Developed by: Wizcom Technologies Ltd

31. Laser Keyboard

Developed by: Israeli company Lumio and Silicon Valley start-up company Canesta

32. TDMoIP (TDM over IP) in telecommunications, the emulation of time-division multiplexing (TDM) over a packet switched network (PSN)

Developed by: Engineers at RAD Data Communications

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Computer and mobile software

33. Babylon

Developed by: Amnon Ovadia

34. ICQ (Instant Messaging software)

Developed by: Initially in 1996 by the Israeli company Mirabilis and later procured by AOL

35. Viber

Developed by: American-Israeli entrepreneur Talmon Marco

36. GetTaxi

Founded by: Israeli entrepreneurs Shahar Waiser and Roi More

37. Waze

Founded by: Uri Levine, software engineer Ehud Shabtai and Amir Shinar

Defence

38. IMI Tavor TAR-21

39. IMI Tavor TAR-21

40. Uzi submachine gun

Developed by:  Maj. Uziel Gal

41. Python (Short-range air-to-air missile)

42. Desert Eagle (short range pistol)

43. Protector USV (Unmanned Surface Vehicle)

Developed by: Rafael Advanced Defence Systems

44. Iron Dome

Development by: Rafael Advanced Defence Systems and Israel Aircraft Industries

45. MUSIC (Multi Spectral Infrared Countermeasure)

Manufactured by:  Elbit Systems

46. MagnoShocker

Developed by:  Mathematician Amit Weissman and his colleagues Adir Kahn and Zvi Jordan

47. Wall radar

Developed by: Israeli company Camro

48. Injured Personnel Carrier on YouTube

Developed by: Israeli company Agilite Gear

49. Emergency Bandage

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Agriculture and breeding

50. Golden hamster

51. Hybrid cucumber seeds

Developed by: Prof. Esra Galun of the Weizmann Institute

52. Grain cocoons

Invented by: international food technology consultant Professor Shlomo Navarro

53. Biological pest control

Invented by: Company called Bio-Bee

54. AKOL

Invented by: Kibbutz-based Company

55. Reusable plastic trays

Invented by: Tal-Ya Water Technologies

56. Zero-discharge system

Invented by:  Israeli GFA Company

57. TraitUP

Developed by: Hebrew University agricultural scientists Ilan Sela and Haim D. Rabinowitch

58. Judean date palm

Characteristics: oldest seed ever to be revived, restoring an extinct cultivar

59. Tomaccio cherry tomato

Developed by: Professor Nahum Keidar and Professor Chaim Rabinovitch

60. Super iron battery

Developed by: Stuart Licht

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Consumer goods and appliances

61. Epilator (Epilady)

Manufactured at:  Kibbutz HaGoshrim

62. Micronized coating instant hot water pipes

Developed by:  A.C.T

In the above list of Inventions and Discoveries by Israel shows the fertility of Israeli mind that makes hotspot of high-tech entrepreneurship rivalling.

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