The issue of Kashmir between India and Pakistan has been in discussion since the time of India's independence. At the end of British rule, Jammu & Kashmir State also became independent on 15 August 1947. At this juncture, King Hari Singh decided that he would not accept the sovereignty of neither India nor Pakistan.
This decision of the Maharaja was soon proved wrong when the Pakistan-backed 'Azad Kashmir Army' invaded the western part of the state on October 20, 1947, he started looting of shops, theft and arson in the houses, women raped and hostaged and they were moving towards eastern Kashmir with similar disasters; in such a situation Maharaja Hari Singh sought military help from Jawaharlal Nehru and then on October 26, 1947 the treaty of accession was signed between the Jawahar Lal Nehru and Maharaja Hari Singh.
Under this treaty, 3 subjects; Defense, foreign affairs and communications were handed over to India.
After this agreement, Article 370 was added to the Constitution of India, in which it has been clearly stated that the provisions related to Jammu and Kashmir are only temporary and not permanent. Article 370 of the constitution provides some special provisions/relaxation to Jammu and Kashmir. So article 370 of Indian constitution is the apple of discord between the Kashmir peoples and rest of the Indian citizens.
In a historic event on 26th June 2000, the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly had accepted the recommendations of a 'State Autonomous Committees'. In this report, the committee had given more autonomy to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. All Kashmiris are agitating for a very long time to implement the recommendations of this committee. Recommendations of the committee are given below:
1.The word "temporary" mentioned in article 370 of the Constitution should be written "Permanent" so that the status of special state to Jammu and Kashmir is confirmed forever.
2. Article 356 (President's rule) should not be applied to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
3.The decision of Jammu and Kashmir State Legislative Assembly in the state of external aggression or internal emergency should be the final decision.
4. There should be no role of India's Election Commission in the Jammu and Kashmir state.
5. There should be no place for All India Services like IAS, IPS and IFS in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
6. There should be a separate chapter of the Fundamental Rights for Jammu and Kashmir in the Indian Constitution.
7. The Governor of the Jammu & Kashmir State should be called the Sadar-e-Rajya and the Chief Minister as Wazir-e-Azam.
Image source:The Indian Express
8. The role of Parliament and President should be minimized in case of Jammu & Kashmir.
9. There should be no special provision for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Classes in the State. Here it is necessary to mention that the Muslims of Jammu and Kashmir are considered as minorities under which they receive many facilities from the Indian government.
10. There should not be any special hearing regarding the State of Jammu and Kashmir in the Supreme Court of India.
11. The Supreme Court should not have the right to hear the judgment of the civil and criminal proceedings of the Jammu & Kashmir High Court.
12. The Indian Parliament should not have any right to amend the constitution of Jammu & Kashmir state.
13. The Center's decision regarding inter-state rivers and river basins should not be applicable to Jammu and Kashmir.
When all these recommendations were sent to the Cabinet of the Government of India for approval on 14th July, 2000, the Central Government refused to accept the recommendation of the committee by saying that these recommendations are against the principles of unity and integrity of the country. When the recommendations of this commission were rejected then the separatist leaders of the Kashmir intensified their anti India activities and promoted stone pelting on the Indian soldiers and suicidal attack on military camps.
So from the above points you must have understood that what separatist leaders of Jammu & Kashmir want from government of India.