English Language: Concepts and Sample Questions: Analogy (Similarity)

The experts of Jagranjosh.com have come forward to help the aspirants in attempting all the questions speedily with basic preparatory strategy. By providing basic concepts, we are trying to make the calculation faster than doing from long and traditional ones.

Analogy means Similarity or resemblance or some kind of relationship between two given things. Analogy test, therefore intends to evaluate one’s ability to comprehend the relationship that exist s between two objects, things or figures. There are infinite possibilities in establishing relation between two objects. Here, some important relationships are as follows:

1. Cause and Effect Relationship

Example: Education: Development

a) Man: speech

b) Nutrition: health

c) Game: Play

d) Child: Growth

The relationship between development and education is of cause and effect. Education is a cause for development. Among the four choices, only (b) nutrition is a cause for health.

Hence b is the answer

2. Part and Whole Relationship

Example: House: Room

a) Struggle: fight

b) Transport: car

c) School: college

d) Boy: girl

Room is a part of house. Similarly car is a part of transport system.

Hence b is the answer

3. Part: Part relationship

Example: Gill: Fin

a) Salad: rice

b) Sea: fish

c) Kill: bomb

d) Question: team

Just as gill and fin are two different parts of a fish so salad and rice are parts of food.

Hence a is the answer

4. Purpose relationship

Example: Glove: Ball

a) Summer: winter

b) Game: study

c) Stadium: seats

d) Hook: fish

Just as a Glove helps catch a ball, hooks helps to catch a fish

Hence d is the answer

5. Action to object relationship

Example: Break: Piece

a) Writer: pen

b) Bread: bake

c) Kick: football

d) Muddy: Unclear

Just as break is an action that makes pieced, so kick is an action that makes the football move.

Hence c is the answer

6. Study and topic relationship

Example: Linguistics: Language

a) Gardener: harrow

b) Hen: chicken

c) Scale: length

d) Anthropology: man

Just linguistics is the science of language, so anthropology is the study of man’s life

Hence d is the answer

7. Word and antonym relationship

Example: Confidence: diffidence

a) Dastard: coward

b) Field: farm

c) House: garbage

d) Baffle: clarify

Just as diffidence is the opposite of confidence, so clarify is the opposite of baffle.

Hence d is the answer

8. Degree Relationship

Example: Warm: Hot

a) Tailor: textile

b) Sun:  planet

c) Horrible: heinous

d) Fight: war

Just as hot is  the greater degree of warm, so war is the greater degree of fight.

9. Creature and offspring relationship

Example: Horse: Colt

a) Goat: bleat

b) Dawn: twilight

c) Dog: Puppy

d) Actor: stage

Just a colt is a young one of horse so puppy is the young one of dog.

Hence c is the answer

10. Word and Synonym Relationship

Example: Abate: Lessen

a) Sweet: bitter

b) Ice: solid

c) Dog: bitch

d) Secret: clandestine

Just as abate and lessen have similar meanings, so secret or clandestine have similar meanings.

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