IAS Main (Written) Exam 2014: Public Administration: Question Paper I
IAS Main (Written) Exam 2014 commenced from 14 December 2014. After the introduction of new pattern and Syllabus for the IAS Main Exam, the subject acquired a new importance. The candidates get approximately equal marks in the General Studies Paper so the Subject plays most important role in the IAS Main(Written) Exam.
The Public Administration is one of the favourite subject among the candidates and hence the candidates find it very important to solve the Previous year question paper of IAS Main (Written) Exam Public Administration.
The Public Administration Question Paper of IAS Main(written) Exam is given below:
Time Allowed: Three Hours Maximum Marks: 250
QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS
(Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions)
There are EIGHT questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
Candidate has to attempt FIVE questions in all.
Question Nos. 1 and 5 are compulsory and out of the remaining, THREE are to be attempted choosing at least ONE question from each Section.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the ' medium authorized in the Admission Certificate must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in medium other than the authorized one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Attempts of questions shall be counted in chronological order. Unless struck off, attempt of a question shall be counted even if attempted partly. Any page or portion of the page left blank in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be clearly struck off.
1. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each: 10x5=50
(a) What are the implications of the post-structuralist perspective on the discrete aspects of Public Administration, coming from its epistemological positions?
(b) "Adaptive, problem-solving, temporary systems of diverse specialists, linked together by coordinating executives in an organic flux—this is the original form that will gradually replace bureaucracy." Discuss, in the light of this statement, the 'end of bureaucracy' thesis and its strengths and limitations.
(c) "Karl Marx's interpretation of bureaucracy was rooted in the history of the nature of the State." Evaluate.
(d) "The conceptual division between administrative and constitutional law is quite porous, and that along many dimensions, administrative law can be considered more constitutional in character than the constitutions." How would you justify the statement?
(e) Is Peter Drucker justified in saying, "Management principles should not tell us what to do,. but only tell us what not to do"? Comment.
2. (a) "Governance theory and the notion of governmentality have many points of convergence, but they run on parallel lines." Comment. 20
(b) "Taylor's ideas need modification in the context of post-industrial economics in contemporary era." Justify with reasons. 15
(c). How does the Strategic Contingencies Theory of organizational design deal with problems arising from sub-unit centrality and non-substitutability? 15
3. (a) According to McGregor, "True professional help is not in playing God with the client, but in placing professional knowledge and skill at the client's disposal". In the light of the above, justify how theory Y is indicative and not prescriptive. 20
(b) "The notion of informal organisation is a residual or cafeteria concept of diverse and sprawling contents”. How does Gouldner establish the need for understanding the interdigitations between the ‘formal’ and ‘informal’ organisation?15
(c) "The Right to Information is not all about citizens' empowerment, it essentially redefines the concept of accountability." Discuss.15
4. (a) "New Public Management and post-New Public Management reforms initiatives have affected the balance between managerial, political, administrative, legal, professional and social accountability." Analyze. 20
(b) "Delegation to independent agencies has taken place in an interdependent process driven by emulation." Discuss in the context of independent regulatory agencies in the modern regulatory State. 15
(c) "Voluntary organizations have become tools of sensitization of governmental agencies." Comment. 15
5. Answer the following questions in about 150 words each:
(a) Critically examine the Riggsian concept of differentiation in the context of post-globalization era.
(b) "The term Development Administration can be used only in a broad sense to mark the variety of approaches and points of view." Discuss.
(c) "The bottom line for governance is outcomes rather than the outputs of government." Analyze in the context of e-government and e-governance.
(d) "Policies determine politics as governments constrain." Attempt a critique of this statement.
(e) "Instead of reforms to budgetary process, Wildaysky proposes to redefine the role of political institutions and rules by which politics leads to agreement on budget." Explain.
6. (a) "The fact that we call something performance auditing means that we imply salient features which can distinguish it from other forms of inquiry." Discuss with reference to the main measures or indicators of performance measurement. 20
(b) "The Output Studies Approach to public policy analysis overstresses the rational techniques and allocative dimension of public policy." Analyse the statement. 15
(c) "The field of MIS is not necessarily an extension of computer science, but of management and organization theory." Elucidate. 15
7. (a) "The technical and multidisciplinary nature of e-government has created an interdependent relationship within government between policymakers, programme administrators and technical specialists." Analyze in the context of generalist-specialist relationship. 20
(b) "Self-Help Groups have not only empowered women, but have also brought about attitudinal change among all stakeholders towards women development." Discuss. 15
(c) "Many Asian and African countries have inherited the colonial idea of civil service as a privileged elite. Hence, the social status of the civil service is an important aspect of the bureaucracy's unsuitability for change." Comment. 15
8. (a) Identify the main elements of Program Budgeting, Output Budgeting and 'New' Performance Budgeting. What do they have in common with PPBS? 20
(b) According to Y. Dror, "The Science of Muddling through is essentially a reinforcement of pro-inertia and anti-innovation ideas in policy-making". Comment. 15
(c) "British philosophy of administration is based on a unification of science of administration with ethics." Analyze. 15