# IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 30 March 2018

Athar Imam Raza

Current affairs quizzes based on current issues provided in this article are very important for IAS Prelims Exam. The IAS aspirants should study and practice such questions on a daily basis because it will help them to build their confidence to cover the dynamic topics of the recent time.

1. India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F08) successfully launched GSAT-6A Satellite into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on March 29, 2018. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. This launch of GSLV was its twelfth and took place from the Second Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota.
2. In its oval-shaped GTO, GSAT-6A is now orbiting the Earth with a perigee (nearest point to Earth) of 169.4 km and an apogee (farthest point to Earth) of 36,692.5 km with an orbital inclination of 20.64 degrees with respect to the equator.
3. The Satellite will be commissioned into service after the completion of orbit raising operations and it’s positioning in the designated slot in GSO following in-orbit testing of its payloads.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

India's Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-F08) successfully launched GSAT-6A Satellite into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) on March 29, 2018. This launch of GSLV was its twelfth and took place from the Second Launch Pad at Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota, the spaceport of India. This is the fifth consecutive success achieved by GSLV carrying indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage.

In its oval-shaped GTO, GSAT-6A is now orbiting the Earth with a perigee (nearest point to Earth) of 169.4 km and an apogee (farthest point to Earth) of 36,692.5 km with an orbital inclination of 20.64 deg with respect to the equator.

Few seconds before the launch countdown reached zero, the four liquid propellant strap-on motors of GSLV-F08, each with nearly 43 tons of liquid propellants, were ignited. At count zero and after confirming the normal performance of all the four strap-on motors, the 139-ton solid propellant first stage core motor was ignited and GSLV lifted off. GSAT-6A is a communication satellite built by ISRO to provide mobile communication services through multi-beam coverage. For this, it is equipped with S and C band transponders.

2. Recently, the Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland regarding cooperation and Exchange of Information for the Purposes of Combating International Criminality and Tackling Serious Organised Crime. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. This is the first instance of the signing of such MoU regarding the investigation and prosecution of crime and the tracing, restraint and confiscation of the proceeds and instruments of crime with the UK.
2. The MoU will reinforce the collaboration in the field of security that will be mutually beneficial.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation:

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland regarding cooperation and Exchange of Information for the Purposes of Combating International Criminality and Tackling Serious Organised Crime.

India and U.K. already have an agreement concerning the investigation and prosecution of crime and the tracing, restraint and confiscation of the proceeds and instruments of crime (including crimes involving currency transfers) and terrorist funds, which was signed in 1995. Both the countries desire to further strengthen cooperation in fighting international criminality and serious organized crime. The MoU will reinforce the collaboration in the field of security that will be mutually beneficial.

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3. Recently, the Union Cabinet has given its ex-post approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Canada on IPRs. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The MoU is intended to promote innovation, creativity and economic growth in both countries.
2. The MoU establishes a broad and flexible framework through which both countries can exchange best practices and work together on training programs and technical exchanges to raise awareness on IPRs and better protect intellectual property rights (IPRs).
3. Under the MoU, cooperation to understand how traditional knowledge is protected; and the exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge related databases and awareness raising of existing IP systems.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Canada.   The MoU was signed on 23rd February 2018 to establish bilateral cooperation activities in the field of Intellectual Property (IP). The MoU is intended to promote innovation, creativity and economic growth in both countries.

The MoU establishes a broad and flexible framework through which both countries can exchange best practices and work together on training programs and technical exchanges to raise awareness on IPRs and better protect intellectual property rights (IPRs).

The priority initiatives under the MoU include:

• Exchange of best practices, experiences and knowledge on how to raise IP awareness among the public, businesses and educational institutions of both countries;
• Exchange of experts for interacting with the human resources engaged in specialized IP fields;
• Exchange and dissemination of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP with industry, Universities, research and development organizations and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) through participation in programs, training, and events, organised singly or jointly by the participants;
• Cooperation in the development of automation arid implementation of modernization projects, new and existing documentation and information systems in IP and procedures for management of IP;
• Cooperation to understand how traditional knowledge is protected; and the exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge related databases and awareness raising of existing IP systems;
• Collaboration in IP related training for local IP and business communities, and
• Any other cooperation activities they may mutually decide upon within the scope of this MoU.

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4. Recently, Express Mail Service (EMS) has been launched by the Ministry of Communications, is one-way import service from which of the following countries to India?
a. Japan
b. USA
c. Germany
d. China

Explanation:

Ministry of Communications has launched the Cool EMS Service which will come into force from 29 March 2018. Cool EMS service is one-way service from Japan to India which allows customers in India to import Japanese food items for personal use which is allowed under Indian regulations. Initially, Cool EMS Service will be available in Delhi only.

Food items will be carried by Japan Post in special cool boxes containing refrigerant to preserve the quality of the food items and addressee will collect them from Foreign Post office, Kotla Road, New Delhi in-person or through a messenger in the prescribed time frame. All other features like track and trace, etc of Express Mail Service (EMS) will be available for Cool EMS service as well.

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5. Recently, Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and South Asian Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) for cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The MoU intends to promote closer cooperation between India and other maritime nations comprising the South Asian seas region.
2. Indian Coast Guard (ICG) will be the Competent National Authority and national operational contact point for implementation of "Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan" under the MoU.
3. The SACEP jointly with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) developed a "Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan" to facilitate international co-operation and mutual assistance in preparing and responding to a major oil pollution incident in the seas around the Maritime States of Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3

Explanation:

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and South Asian Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) for cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region.

Impact:

The MoU intends to promote closer cooperation between India and other maritime nations comprising the South Asian seas region namely Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka for protection and preservation of the marine environment in the region.

Implementation:

Indian Coast Guard (ICG) will be the Competent National Authority and national operational contact point for implementation of "Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan" under the MoU and shall respond to oil and chemical spills on behalf of Government of India. Further, ICG Maritime Rescue Coordination Centres (MRCCs) will be the national emergency response centre for marine incidents.

Background:

In order to promote and support protection, management and enhancement of the environment in the South Asian region, the Governments of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka established the SACEP in 1982 in Sri Lanka. The SACEP jointly with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) developed a "Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan" to facilitate international co-operation and mutual assistance in preparing and responding to a major oil pollution incident in the seas around the Maritime States of Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

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