IAS Preparation: Questions for Prelims 31 January 2018Athar Imam Raza
Current affairs quizzes based on the current affairs of recent time will help IAS aspirants to do preparation for IAS Prelims Exam 2018. We provide current affairs questions on a daily basis so that IAS aspirants can easily cover the important topics of national and international importance.
1. Recently, the Indian Navy has launched the third Scorpene class submarine Karanj. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The Scorpene class submarines are being built in collaboration with French shipbuilding major Naval Group (formerly DCNS).
2. Total six submarines are going to be built at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL).
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
d. Neither 1 nor 2
The Indian Navy on 31 January 2018 launched the third Scorpene class submarine Karanj. The submarine is launched by Reena Lanba, wife of Navy chief Admiral Sunil Lanba. The submarine is constructed by shipbuilder Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL). Total six submarines are going to be built at the MDL.
The submarines are being built in collaboration with French shipbuilding major Naval Group (formerly DCNS). Prime Minister Narendra Modi has last month commissioned the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines Kalvari into the Indian Navy and said its induction was a big step in the country’s defence preparedness.
IAS Topper 2016 Anuj Malik Rank 16 - IAS Prelims strategy
2. The Pampadum Shola National Park is known for the safe haven of rare and most elusive Nilgiri Marten located in which of the following States of India?
a. Tamil Nadu
c. Andhra Pradesh
Pampadum Shola National Park, located on the southern portion of the Western Ghats is a safe haven for rare and most elusive Nilgiri Marten. The January 26 issue of the Journal of Threatened Taxa has carried findings of their research which involved 148 days of field study. They had 42 independent sightings of the elusive animals in this period. Endemic to the Western Ghats, Nilgiri Marten looks like a civet or a mongoose and it most prefers higher altitudes.
With the 42 independent sightings in Pampadum Shola, the researchers feel the area and its extended forest stretches in Kerala and Tamil Nadu constitute the largest haven of the elusive mustelids. The number is vital as the global population of the Nilgiri Marten is estimated below 1000. Though not many studies were undertaken on Nilgiri marten, it found a place in schedule 2 of part 2 of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972.
3. Three new ‘super-earths’ discovered recently. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. The Kepler Space Telescope has identified three super-earths orbiting a ‘cool dwarf star’ about 267 light years from the Earth.
2. Super-earths have a mass lesser than the Earth, but are lighter than gas-filled planets like Neptune and Uranus.
3. The new exo-planets orbit the star LP415-15 and are named LP415-17 b, LP415-17 c and LP415-17 d.
Which of the above statements is/are correct?
a. 1 only
b. 1 and 2
c. 2 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
The Kepler Space Telescope has identified three super-earths orbiting a ‘cool dwarf star’ about 267 light years from the Earth. Super-earths have a mass higher than the Earth, but are lighter than gas-filled planets like Neptune and Uranus. They are good candidates for having terrestrial surfaces and oceans that may support life. There are about 55 confirmed super-earths till date.
The new exo-planets orbit the star LP415-15 and are named LP415-17 b, LP415-17 c and LP415-17 d. They weigh about four, six and five times (respectively) more than the Earth. The super-earths b, c and d have a radius of about 1.8, 2.6 and 1.9 times the Earth radii and take about six, 13 and 40 days respectively to orbit their host star.
4. It is with this multilateral agency, India recently signed a USD 250 million agreement to improve rural connectivity.
a. World Bank Group
b. Asian Development Bank
c. Asian Infrastructure and Investment Bank
d. New Development Bank
India and the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on January 30, 2018, signed a USD 250 million agreement to construct 6,254 kilometres all-weather rural roads in Assam, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal. The funds will be spent under the Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Programme (PMGSY).
The loan is the first tranche of the $500 million Second Rural Connectivity Investment Program for India, which was approved by the ADB Board in December 2017.
The program is aimed at improving rural connectivity, facilitating safer and more efficient access to livelihood and socio-economic opportunities for rural communities through improvements to about 12,000 kilometres Rural Roads across the 5 States.
The investment program builds on the USD 800 million ADB-financed first Rural Connectivity Investment Program that added about 9,000 kilometres of all-weather rural roads in the same States.
The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched by the Union Government to provide connectivity to unconnected habitations as part of a poverty reduction strategy. It was launched on December 25, 2000.
Its primary objective is to provide all-weather road connectivity to every rural habitation with a minimum population of 500 in plain areas and a minimum population of 250 in hill states.
5. Which of the following union ministries launched the Government e Marketplace (GeM) 3.0 recently:
a. Ministry of Finance
b. Ministry of Commerce and Industry
c. Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
d. Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution
The Union Ministry of Commerce and Industry on 30 June 2017 launched the Government e Marketplace (GeM) 3.0. The GeM 2.0 was launched as a pilot in August 2016 and its success led to this advanced version. The GeM 3.0 offers standardised and enriched catalogue management, powerful search engine, real-time price comparison, demand aggregation, user rating, advanced Management Information Systems (MIS) and analytics and more.
The GeM, which was launched in August 2016, aims to enhance transparency, efficiency and speed in public procurement. The GeM is a one-stop platform for procurement of common use goods and services required by various government departments, organizations and public sector undertakings (PSUs). It provides the tools of e-bidding, reverses e-auction and demand aggregation to facilitate the government users achieve the best value for their money.