IAS Questions for Prelims: 3 October 2017
The given IAS questions, have been developed from the authentic study sources for IAS Exam like- The Hindu, PIB, Indian Express and other important sources. The IAS aspirants must study and practoce such IAS questions based on current affairs on a daily basis so that no important issues left out of their IAS preparation.
1. Recently, the SRS Bulletin has been released by the Government. Consider the following statements regarding this:
1. According to the just-released SRS bulletin, IMR of India has declined by three points (8% decline), from 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 to 34 per 1000 live births in 2016, compared to two points decline last year.
2. Among the EAG States and Assam, all States except Uttarakhand have reported a decline in IMR in comparison to 2015.
3. In India, the eight socioeconomically backward states of Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh, referred to as the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states.
Which of the following above statements is true?
a. 1 and 2
b. 2 and 3
c. 1 and 3
d. 1, 2 and 3
India has registered a significant decline in Infant Mortality Rate (IMR). According to the just-released SRS bulletin, IMR of India has declined by three points (8% decline), from 37 per 1000 live births in 2015 to 34 per 1000 live births in 2016, compared to two points decline last year. Not only this, India also recorded a major drop in the birth cohort, which has for the first time come down to below 25 million. India has registered 90000 fewer infant deaths in 2016 as compared to 2015. The total number of estimated infant deaths have come down from 930000 (9.3 Lakhs) in 2015 to 840000 (8.4 lakhs) in 2016.
According to the SRS Bulletin, the gender gap in India for child survival is reducing steadily. The gender difference between female and male IMR has now reduced to <10%, giving a major boost to the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme of the Government.
The results signify that the strategic approach of the Ministry has started yielding dividends and the efforts of focusing on low-performing States is paying off. Among the EAG States and Assam, all States except Uttarakhand have reported a decline in IMR in comparison to 2015. The decline is reported as 4 points in Bihar, 3 points in Assam, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand and two points decline in Chhattisgarh, Odisha and Rajasthan.
2. Recently, the Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple has won the ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ award located in which of the following cities?
Twelve years ago, 12 workers and two supervisors in charge of the upkeep of the world-famous shrine, the Meenakshi Sundareswarar temple in Madurai, came together with the aim of figuring out ways to ensure that the sprawling premises were kept spick-and-span at all times. It could well be said that their efforts have paid off, with the temple winning the ‘Swachh Iconic Place’ award, pipping 9 other spots identified by the Central government last year.
The Meenakshi temple spent close to ₹1 crore annually towards the upkeep of the sannidhis and praharams. With some well-wishers and philanthropists also deploying ground staff, the temple now has 60 workers in charge of its maintenance.
The Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, through the Madurai Corporation, is spending around ₹11 crore on the temple’s beautification.
3. Barhi date is one of the types of dates grown in India. Barhi dates are grown which of the following states of India?
b. Jammu and Kashmir
d. Andhra Pradesh
It has been a decade since Barhi date tissue culture plants were first imported to India from Israel. Production of the fruit has taken some time to get off the ground and produce high yields, but this year’s harvest is set to be the best yet.
There are over one lakh Barhi palms in Kutch, spread over 1,500 hectares, with an annual production of 17,000-20,000 tonnes of fresh dates. And this owes to a tryst with Israeli technology, beginning in the 1980s.
In neat, uniform rows, stand 5,500 tissue culture Barhi date palms spread over 120 acres, making this farm one of the biggest producers of dates in the country.
4. Recently, Nobel Prize 2017 for in Physiology or Medicine has been announced which is given to:
a. Jeffrey C. Hall
b. Michael Rosbash
c. Michael W. Young
d. All of the above
Three Americans won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine on Monday for their discoveries about the body's daily rhythms, opening up whole new fields of research and raising awareness about the importance of getting proper sleep.
Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young won the 9-million-kronor ($1.1 million) prize for isolating a gene that controls the body’s normal daily biological rhythm. Circadian rhythms adapt the workings of the body to different phases of the day, influencing sleep, behaviour, hormone levels, body temperature and metabolism.
Mr. Rosbash is on the faculty at Brandeis University, Mr. Young is at Rockefeller University and Mr. Hall has been associated with the University of Maine.
5. Recently, the HSBC has released the expat explorer survey, India jumped up the global rankings by 12 places to take the rank of which of the following?
India jumped up the global rankings by 12 places to take the 14th position in terms of best country for expats to work in and live says an HSBC survey. The ranking is a part of HSBC's latest expat explorer survey that covered 27,587 expats from 159 countries and territories in March and April this year. Singapore topped the HSBC's expat explorer survey.
The reasons which are attributed to the sudden rise of India in the list is strong ratings across a range of economic, experience and family measures.
The report said that India attracts many expats for work and financial opportunities, but new arrivals here often find their family life improves significantly too. At the same time, the
India has also emerged among the top 10 countries among expats for professional development. The survey report said that the number of resident expats who recommend India for career growth has increased by 12 percentage points since 2016 to almost two-thirds (63 per cent), placing it 7th in our ranking for career progression.