NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 4 - The Age of Industrialisation

Find here the NCERT solutions for 10 Social Science History Chapter 4 - The Age of Industrialisation. All these solutions have been prepared according to the CBSE marking scheme and are best for quick and  effective learning. You will get here the accurate and best explanation for each question given in the latest NCERT book.

NCERT Solutions Class 10

Social Science - History

Chapter 4: The Age of Industrialisation

Write in Brief

1. Explain the following:
(a) Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny.
(b) In the seventeenth century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages.
(c) The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century.
(d) The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India.

Answer:

(a) Women workers in Britain attacked the Spinning Jenny because:

(b) In the seventeenth century merchants from towns in Europe began employing peasants and artisans within the villages because:

(c) The port of Surat declined by the end of the eighteenth century because

(d) The East India Company appointed gomasthas to supervise weavers in India to:

CBSE Class 10 Social Science Syllabus 2020-2021

2. Write True or False against each statement:

(a) At the end of the nineteenth century, 80 per cent of the total workforce in Europe was employed in the technologically advanced industrial sector.

(b) The international market for fine textiles was dominated by India till the eighteenth century.

(c) The American Civil War resulted in the reduction of cotton exports from India.

(d) The introduction of the fly shuttle enabled handloom workers to improve their productivity.

Answer:

(a) False

(b) True

(c) False

(d) True

3. Explain what is meant by proto-industrialisation.

Answer: The early phase of industrialisation in which the large-scale production was carried out for international market was known as proto-industrialisation. This type of industrialization was not based on the factory system but on decentralised units.

Discuss

1. Why did some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe prefer hand labour over machines?

Answer: Some industrialists in nineteenth-century Europe preferred hand labour over machines because:

2. How did the East India Company procure regular supplies of cotton and silk textiles from Indian weavers?

Answer: The English East India Company used different means to procure silk and cotton from the Indian weavers:

3. Imagine that you have been asked to write an article for an encyclopaedia on Britain and the history of cotton. Write your piece using information from the entire chapter.

Answer: Write this answer in your own words. You may take help form the following explanation:

Britain and the History of Cotton

4. Why did industrial production in India increase during the First World War?

Answer: Industrial production in India increased during the First World War due to following reasons:

You may also download all these NCERT solutions in PDF from the following link:

Download NCERT Solutions of Class 10 History Chapter 4 - The Age of Industrialisation

To get the NCERT Solutions for all chapters of Class 10 History, check the following link:

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 History India and the Contemporary World II: All Chapters

 

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