SSC CGL 2018-19 General Intelligence and Reasoning Topic-wise Preparation Strategy

As per the latest notification, SSC will conduct Tier - I CGL Exam from 4th June 2019 to 19th June 2019 and Tier-II CGL Exam from 11th September 2019 to 13th September 2019 in online mode. To clear the exam you need to identify those sections where you can attempt maximum number of accurate question and score the highest marks.

General Intelligence and Reasoning is considered to be one of the highest scoring sections of SSC CGL Tier-I Exam. This section will test your ability to think and solve problems. The questions asked in this section are mainly the brain teasers and sometimes can be quite tricky to answer.

So, we have compiled detailed syllabus and analysed it chapter-wise, so that you can score high in this section. But before analysis, let’s go through the SSC CGL 2018-19 Exam Pattern for General intelligence and Reasoning Section.

Exam Pattern of General Intelligence and Reasoning Section

Before starting the preparation, it is imperative to study the exam pattern first. The section constitutes 25% of the total score in Tier-I Examination. So, let’s look at the exam pattern of General intelligence and Reasoning Section in SSC CGL 2018-19 Tier-I Exam:

In SSC CGL Tier-I Exam, General intelligence and Reasoning section consists of 25 multiple-choice questions and each question carries 2 marks. In this exam, 0.50 marks are deducted as penalty for each wrong answer.

SSC CGL Tier-I Exam (Objective)




General Intelligence & Reasoning



60 minutes (Total)

General Awareness



Quantitative Aptitude



English Language and Comprehension






Know the Complete SSC CGL Syllabus 2018-19: Tier I, II, III and IV with Exam Pattern

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Chapter-wise Syllabus of General intelligence and Reasoning Section

After going through the exam pattern, next step is to understand the topic-wise syllabus of General intelligence and Reasoning Section. Below are the major topics covered in SSC CGL Tier-I Exam under the General Intelligence and Reasoning Section:



Number of Questions asked


Analogy (both word based and numerical)


Odd pair (both word based and numerical)


Missing characters


Coding-Decoding (Ex - NAME is written as GFDN then MEAN is written as..)



Mathematical Operations


Seating arrangement (Linear and Circular)


Blood relations



Direction Sense




Venn Diagrams

Assumption or Inference or Conclusion






Cube and dices

(predicting colors or numbers on the faces of the object)


Sequence of figures

Matrix (Finding missing numbers or letters)

Paper-cutting, folding, punching

Mirrors and water reflection

Configuration, fitting pieces, odd pieces, etc.



Let’s analyse in detail the Logical Reasoning topics mentioned in the above table:

  1. Coding-Decoding: Coding-Decoding basically judges the candidate’s ability to decipher the code language. In each question of this topic, a word and a coded form of the word will be given. Students are required to decode the logic behind this coding and then apply the same logic to another given word for finding the answer in the form of a code.
  2. Arrangement: Questions based on Seating Arrangements are one of the most common and important questions in Logical Reasoning segment. In this type of question some people are arranged in a circle, they may be standing or even sitting around a circular table. The other topics covered under this segment are Blood relations, Ranking, Puzzles and Direction Sense.
  3. Logic based: Questions based on logic requires critical thinking and needs a lot of time to solve. In case of Syllogism questions, draw Venn Diagrams to avoid confusion.
  4. Miscellaneous: Questions from topics like Clock and Calendar are sometimes asked in Tier-I exam.
  5. Non-verbal: This segment covers topics like Pictorial Analogies, Symbol series, symbolic operations, numeric patterns, spatial relations, space visualizations, Spatial Reasoning, mirror image and space image are examples of questions.

Download the General Inteligence and Reasoning SSC CGL Previous Year Papers for free here

SSC Tier-I Topic-wise Analysis of General Intelligence and Reasoning Section

The Verbal Reasoning section covers the 66% of the General Intelligence and Reasoning Section and questions are asked from topics like Series, Ranks, Direction, Arrangement, Coding, Decoding, Analogy and Classification/Odd Pair, Syllogism and Statement Conclusion.

The Non-Verbal Reasoning section covers the 34% of the General Intelligence and Reasoning Section and questions are asked from topics like Figure Formation, Dice, Triangle, Rule Detection, Images, Completion of Pattern, Mirror Images, Figure Matrix and Paper Folding, etc.

Know the preparation tips and strategy for cracking SSC CGL 2018-19 Exam

How to prepare and score high in General Intelligence and Reasoning Section - SSC CGL Exam 2018-19?

Let’s look at some ways through which you will be able to ace the General Intelligence and Reasoning Section of SSC CGL 2018-19 Exam.

  • Improve your logical skills: As this section test candidates’ ability to think and problem solving skills, therefore it is required by the students to sharpen their logical and analytical skills.
  • Command over concepts: Both Verbal and Non Verbal Types of Concepts should be focused by the candidates. The understanding of Directions should be accurate, i.e., identifying which direction is West, North, East and South. Series is the most important topic, but it is also very difficult to master.
  • Practice Previous Year Question Papers: Try to practice as much previous paper as you can. But don’t forget to follow the current structure of the exam, as exam pattern keeps on changing from time to time.  
  • Build a Proper Study Plan: Follow a proper strategy and a time table for all the sections of question paper.
  • Don’t make unnecessary assumptions: Always Remember that the given question will be solved by the data given only, don’t make unnecessary assumptions or judgment while solving the problem. Use smart and appropriate tricks and method for solving any problem.

Get the Online Mock Test of SSC CGL Exam for free here

Things to keep in mind while preparing for General Intelligence and Reasoning Section - SSC CGL 2018-19 Exam

Let’s now look at the ways to ace and score high in all the four sections of SSC CGL Tier-I Exam:

  • Regular Practice: Make a habit practicing previous year paper and mock test every day to improve your speed and accuracy. Solve previous year papers as there are many questions which are repeated.
  • Practice Important Topics: Students can look into the chapter-wise analysis mentioned above and focus on the important topics first.
  • Focus on your weak areas: First try to focus on you weak areas and spend more time improving them. Devote more time to your weak areas and less time to your strong areas.
  • Read the complete question first: Students are required to avoid the mistake of reading incomplete questions and arriving at incorrect answer eventually. Read the questions carefully and check what is being asked.
  • Remember Alphabetical Order: Always remember the sequencing of alphabets i.e. which alphabet comes after/before the particular alphabet and you should also remember their numerical position as per 1 to 26.
  • Time Management: Give more time to sections that you are stronger in. This will ensure that you can effectively use the time duration of the exam. Remember that there are no sectional time limits and no sectional cut offs. So your job is to simply maximize your score however you can.

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