Syllabus of Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Science Paper for UPPCS Main Examination- 2012
Here you can find the syllabus of Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Science Paper for UPPCS main examination. It is divided into various sections. Each section is important for your success in this exam. You should read the Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Science Paper syllabus thoroughly and plan your preparation accordingly.
Animal Husbandary and Veterinary Science
A. Animal Nutrition : 1. Energy nutrition, Energy sources, energy metabolian, Requirements of energy formaintenance and production of milk, meat eggs and work energy evaluation of foods. 2. Protein nutritions : Sources of protein digestion and metabolism of protein evaluation, Requirement of protein maintenance andproduction, Energy protein ratio in a ration. 3.Mineral nutrition : Sources, function, deficiency symptoms,requirments for animals and their relationship with vitamins. 4. Vitamins, hormones and Feed additives : Sources,function, deficiency,symptorns, requirements and interrelationship with minerals. 5. Applied nutri-tion : Evaluation of feeding experiments, digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and mea-sures of feed energy. Nutrient requirement for growth maintenance and production, Balanced ration. 6. Ru-minant nutrition : Nutrient and their metabolism with reference to milk production and its composition, Nutri-ent requirements and feed formulation for calves, heifers, dry and milking cows and buffaloes. 7. Non-ruminant nutrition: Nutrient and their metabolism. with special reference to meat and egg production. Nutri-ent requirements and feed formulation for rayer broiler and pig.
B. Animal Physiology : 1. Growth and animal production : Parental and Post natal growth, maturation,growth curves, measures of growth, factors affecting growth, bodycomposition and meat quality. 2 MilkProduction: Hormonal control of mammary development, Milk secretion and milk ejection, composition ofmilk of cows and buffaloes. 3. Animal Reproduction : Male and female reproductive organs, their compo-nents and functions. 4. Digestive physiology : Organs of digestion and their function, Digestion of carbohy-drates, protein and fat in numinants and non-ruminants. 5. Enviromnent Physiology: Physiology ralationsand their regulation mechanism of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved inanimal bahaviour, Method of controlling climatic stress. 6. Semen quality, preservation and artificial in-seminations : Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, physical and chemical properties ofejaculated semen, semen preservation, composition, of diluents, sperm, concentration, transport of dilutedsemen, deep freezing techniques.
C. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT : 1. Commercial Diary Farming : Comparison of dairyfarming in India with advanced countries, Dairying under mixed farming and as specialised farming economicdairy farming, starting of dairy farm capital and land requirement , organisation of dairy farms, procurementof goods, opportunities in dairy farming, factors determing the efficiency of dairy animals, herd recording,budgeting, cost of milk production, Pricing policy personnel management. 2. General Management : Man-agement of lovestock (pregnant and milking cows, newly born calves), livestock records priciples of cleanmilk production, economics of livestock farming, housing for livestock and poultry, General problems ofsheep, goat, pigs and poultry management. 3. Feeding Management : Developing practical and economicration for dairy cattle supply of green fodder throughout the year, Land and fodder requirement of dairyfarms, Feeding regimes for dry, young stock, bults, heifers and breeding animals. 4. Management of ani-mals under drought condition : Feeding and management of animals under drought flood and other natural climatics.
D. Milk and Milk products Technology : 1. Milk Technology : Organization of rural milk, procurement,collection and transport of raw milk. Quality, testing, and grading of raw milk, Quality storage grade of wholemilk skimmed milk and cream. Processing, Packing, storing, distributing, marketing, defects and their con-trol and nutritive properties of the following milk. Pasteurized, stardardized, toned double tonedsterilized, homogenized, reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milk, Culture and their management, Youghurt,Dahi, Lassi, sterilized, homogenized, reconstiuted recombined and flavoured milk, Culture andtheir management, Youghurt, Dahi, Lassi, Srikhand ,legal standards, sanitation, Requirement for clean andsafe milk and for the milk-plant equipments. 2. Milk product Technology : Selection of raw materials, as-sembling, production processing, storing, distributing and marketing milk products such as butter, ghee,khoa, chenna, cheese,, condensed, evaporated, dry milk, baby food, icecream and kulfi, Testing grading,judging of milk products. BIS and Agark specification, legal standards, quality control and nutritive propereties,Packing, processing and operational control cost. 3. Milk by-products Technology : Whey products, buttermilk, lactose and casein.
Section- A A. General and Animal Breeding : 1. Animal Genetics : Mitosis and meiosis, Mendelian inheritance, devia-tion to Mendelism genetics, Expression of genes. Linkage and crossing over, sex determination, sex influ-enced and sex limited characters. Blood group and polymorphism, chromosomal aberrations, Gene and itsstructure, DNA as genetic material, genetic code and protein synthesis, recombinant DNA technology,Mutations, types of mutations, methods for detecting mutations and mutation role. 2. Population Geneticsapplied to Animal Breeding : Quantitative vs. Qualitative traits. Hardy weinbery law, populations vs. Indi-vidual gene and genotype frequency. Forces changing genen frequency. Random drift and small population.Inbreeding method of estimating inbreeding co-efficient, system of inbreeding. Effective population size,Breeding value estimation of breeding value, dominance and epistatic deviation, partoning of variation, geotypeenvironment correlation and gemotype environment interaction. 3. Breeding System : Heriablity, repeatabil-ity and genetic and phenotypic correlations. their method of estimation and precision of estimates Aids toselection and their relative ments, individual pedigree, family within family selection, progeny testing, meth-ods of selections, basis of selection. Response to selection and its measure, selection differential sirindexselection index, recurrent and reciprocal recurrent selection, establishment of new breed, inbreeding, outbreeding, upgrading, hybridization , cross breeding, out crossing.
B. HEALTH AND HYGIENE : 1. Anatomyof ox and fowl, Histological techniques, freezing paraffin embedding etc. Preparation and staining of bloodfilm. 2. Common histotlgical stain and embryology of cow. 3. Physiology of blood and its; circulation, diges-tion, respiration, excretion: endocrine gland in health and diseases. 4. General knowledge of parmacologyand therapetics of drugs. 5. Veterinary hygeine with respect of water, air and habitatior. 6. Milk hygeine.
c. ANIMAL DISEASES : 1. Immunity and Vaccination : Principles and methods of lmmunisation of animalsagainst specific diseases, herd immunity, disease free Zone, zero disease concept, chemprophylaxis. 2.Diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats : Etiology, symptorns, diagnosis, prevention and control anddisease, treatment of the following: Anthrax, haemorrhagic, septicaemia, Balock quarter, mastitis, tuberculo-sis, Johnes disease, food and mouth disease, Rinder pest, rabies, Priroplasmosis, Trypanosomiasis, Faciolisis,Milk fever and Tympanitis. Diseases of new born calf. 3. Diseases of poultry : Etiology symptoms, diagno-sis, prevention, control and treatments of Ranikhet disease, Fowlpox, Aviam Leusocis complex, Marek’sdisease and gumboro disease. 4. Disease of Swine : Swine fever, Hogcholera. 5. Disease of Dog : Caninedistemper, Parvo disease, Rabies in pets in relation to human health.
D. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH : 1. Zoonoses : Classification definition, role of animals and birds inprevalence and transmission of Zoonotic disease. 2. Veterinary Jurisprudence : Rule and regulations forimprovement of animals quality and prevention of animal diseases, Materials and methods for collection ofsamples for veterolegal investigation. 3. Duties and role of vetemian in slaughter houses to provide meatthat is produced under ideal hygienic conditions. 4. By-products from slaughter houses and their economicutilization. 5. Method of collection, preservation and processing of hormonal glands for medicinal use.
E. EXTENSION : Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension,different methods, adoptedto educate farmers, under rural conditions, Generation of technology,, its transfer and feed back, Problems and constraints in transfer of technology, Animal husbandry programmes for rural development.