UGC NET December 2019: Important People & Environment Questions with Answers

For clearing UGC NET December 2019 Exam, candidates must practice the most frequently appearing questions of different sections of the exam. People & Environment category tests the knowledge of the candidates relating to the environment in which they are living. So, in this article, we have compiled the most important People & Environment Questions that have maximum chances to come this year in UGC NET December 2019 Exam.

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UGC NET People & Environment Questions with Answers

1. Inside rural homes, the source/sources of Nitrogen Oxide Pollution may be:

(a) Unvented gas stoves

(b) Wood stoves

(c) Kerosene heaters

Choose the correct code:

(1) (a) and (b) only

(2) (b) and (c) only

(3) (b) only

(4) (a), (b) and (c)

Answer: 4

2. Which of the following pollutants can cause cancer in humans?

(1) Pesticides

(2) Mercury

(3) Lead

(4) Ozone

Answer: 1

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3. Assertion (A): People population control measures do not necessarily help in checking environmental degradation.

Reason (R): The relationship between population growth and environmental degradation is rather complex.

Choose the correct answer from the following:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false but (R) is true.

Answer: 1

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4. Which of the following phenomena is not a natural hazard?

(1) Wildfire

(2) Lightning

(3) Landslide

(4) Chemical contamination

Answer: 4

5. As part of National Climate Change Policy, Indian government is planning to raise the installed capacity of renewable energy by the year 2030 to:

(1) 175 GW

(2) 200 GW

(3) 250 GW

(4) 350 GW

Answer: 4

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6. At present, in terms of per capita energy consumption (kWh/year), identify the correct sequence.

(1) Brazil > Russia > China > India

(2) Russia > China > India > Brazil

(3) Russia > China > Brazil > India

(4) China > Russia > Brazil > India

Answer: 3

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7. Identify the air pollutant in urban areas which irritates eyes and also respiratory tract of human beings.

(1) Particulate matter

(2) Oxides of nitrogen

(3) Surface ozone

(4) Carbon monoxide

Answer: 3

8. Which of the following is the largest source of water pollution in major rivers of India?

(1) Untreated sewage

(2) Agriculture run-off

(3) Unregulated small scale industries

(4) Religious practices

Answer: 1

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9. Sustainable development goals have specific targets to be achieved by

(1) 2022

(2) 2030

(3) 2040

(4) 2050

Answer: 2

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10. Indian government’s target of producing power from biomass by the year 2022, is

(1) 50 MW

(2) 25 MW

(3) 15 MW

(4) 10 MW

Answer: 4

11. Assertion (A): Conserving our soil resources is critical to human survival.

Reason (R): Soil is home to many micro-organisms and contains minerals.

Choose the correct code:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true and (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false and (R) is true.

Answer: 2

12. World Meteorological Organisation’s (WMO) objective has been to reduce the number of deaths due to hydrometeorological disasters over the decade 2010-2019 by (with reference to the decade 1994-2003)

(1) 25%

(2) 50%

(3) 75%

(4) 80%

Answer: 2

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13. Assertion (A): Sustainable development is critical to well being of human society.

Reason (R): Environmentally sound policies do not harm the environment or deplete the natural resources.

Choose the correct code:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are correct and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true and (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false and (R) is true.

Answer: 2

14. The dominant source of pollution due to oxides of nitrogen (NOX) in urban areas is

(1) road transport

(2) commercial sector

(3) energy use in industry

(4) power plants

Answer: 1

15. Indian government’s target for power production from small hydro projects by the year 2022 is

(1) 1 Giga-Watt

(2) 5 Giga-Watt

(3) 10 Giga-Watt

(4) 15 Giga-Watt

Answer: 2

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16. In which country, the recent international agreement on phasing out Hydro Fluoro Carbons (HFCs) was signed?

(1) Rwanda

(2) Morocco

(3) South Africa

(4) Algeria

Answer: 1

17. Which of the following natural hazards is not hydro-meteorological?

(1) Snow avalanche

(2) Sea erosion

(3) Tropical cyclone

(4) Tsunami

Answer: 4

18. Which of the following pollutants is the major cause of respiratory diseases?

(1) Suspended fine particles

(2) Nitrogen oxides

(3) Carbon monoxide

(4) Volatile organic compounds

Answer: 1

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19. Assertion (A): In urban areas, smog episodes occur frequently in winters.

Reason (R): In winters, a lot of biomass is burnt by people for heating purposes or to keep themselves warm.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is true and (R) is false

(4) Both (A) and (R) are false

Answer: 2

20. Occurrence of natural hazards is affected by:

(a) Land use changes

(b) Drainage and construction

(c) Ozone depletion

(d) Climate change

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(1) (a), (c) and (d)

(2) (a), (b) and (c)

(3) (a), (b) and (d)

(4) (b), (c) and (d)

Answer: 3

21. Which of the following pollutant gases is not produced both naturally and as a result of industrial activity?

(1) Chlorofluoro carbons

(2) Nitrous oxide

(3) Methane

(4) Carbon dioxide

Answer: 1

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22. Among the following fuels of energy, which is the most environment friendly?

(1) Ethanol

(2) Biogas

(3) CNG

(4) Hydrogen

Answer: 4

23. ‘Fly ash’ produced in thermal power plants is an ecofriendly resource for use in:

(a) agriculture as micro-nutrient

(b) wasteland development

(c) dam and water holding structures

(d) brick industry

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(1) (a), (b) and (d) only

(2) (b), (c) and (d) only

(3) (a), (c) and (d) only

(4) (a), (b), (c) and (d)

Answer: 4

24. Which of the following types of natural disasters has no definite beginning and end?

(1) Earthquakes

(2) Landslides

(3) Hurricanes

(4) Droughts

Answer: 4

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25. Assertion (A): Indoor air pollution is a serious health hazard.

Reason (R): The dispersal of air pollutants is rather limited in indoor environment.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true and (R) is false.

(4) Both (A) and (R) are false.

Answer: 1

26. In terms of their contribution to the total power generation in India, identify the correct sequence of energy sources - Thermal Power Plants (TPP), Large Hydropower Projects (LHP), Nuclear Energy (NE) and Renewable Energy (RE) which includes solar energy, wind energy, biomass and small hydropower projects.

(1) TPP > RE > LHP > NE

(2) TPP > LHP > RE > NE

(3) LHP > TPP > RE > NE

(4) LHP > TPP > NE > RE

Answer: 1

27. Which of the following is considered as major source of pollution in rivers of India?

(1) Unregulated small scale industry

(2) Untreated sewage

(3) Agricultural run-off

(4) Thermal power plants

Answer: 2

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