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UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Optional Syllabus for Maithili Literature

UPSC: Maithili is one of the 28 language literature subjects offered as optional by UPSC. Maithili literature has a rich and long history. It is used in parts of northern Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh as well as some districts of West Bengal and Assam. It is also spoken in Nepal. Candidates who have studied Maithili in a formal setting or have learned Maithili as their native language should take up this optional. The paper has to be written in the Devanagari script. 

Also Check: UPSC Mains - Detailed Syllabus for all Optional Papers

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Maithili Literature Paper I (History of Maithili Language and its Literature)

Section A: History of Maithili Language 

  1. Place of Maithili in Indo-European language family.
  2. Origin and development of Maithili language. (Sanskrit, Prakrit, Avhatt, Maithili)
  3. Periodic division of Maithili Language. (Beginning, Middle era, Modern era)
  4. Maithili and its different dialects.
  5. Relationship between Maithili and other Eastern languages (Bengali, Asamese, Oriya )
  6. Origin and development of Tirhuta Script.
  7. Pronouns and Verbs in Maithili Language.

Section B: History of Maithili Literature

  1. Background of Maithili Literature (Religious, economic, social, cultural).
  2. Periodic division of Maithili literature.
  3. Pre-Vidyapati Literature.
  4. Vidyapati and his tradition.
  5. Medieval Maithili Drama (Kirtaniya Natak, Ankia Nat, Maithili dramas written in Nepal.
  6. Maithili Folk Literature (Folk Tales, Folk Drama, Folk Stories, Folk Songs).
  7. Development of different literary forms in modern era

(a) Prabandh-kavya

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(b) Muktak-kavya

(c) Novel

(d) Short Story

(e) Drama

(f) Essay

(g) Criticism

(h) Memoirs

(i) Translation

  1. Development of Maithili Magazines and Journals

UPSC Optional Syllabus for Maithili Literature Paper-II 

- Answers must be written in Maithili

- The paper will require first-hand reading of the prescribed texts and will test the critical ability of the candidates.

Section A

  1. Vidyapati Geet-Shati - Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi (Lyrics – 1 to 50)
  2. Govind Das Bhajanavali – Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (Lyrics – 1 to 25)
  3. Krishnajanm – Manbodh
  4. Mithilabhasha Ramayana – Chanda Jha (only Sunder-Kand)
  5. Rameshwar Charit Mithila Ramayan – Lal Das (only Bal-kand)
  6. Keechak-Vadh - Tantra Nath Jha.
  7. Datta-Vati – Surendra Jha 'Suman' {only 1st and 2nd Cantos}.
  8. Chitra-Yatri
  9. Samakaleen Maithili Kavita – Publisher: Sahitya Akademi, New Delhi.

Section B

  1. Varna Ratnakar - Jyotirishwar (only 2nd Kallol)
  2. Khattar Kakak Tarang - Hari Mohan Jha
  3. Lorik–Vijaya-Manipadma
  4. Prithvi Putra – Lalit
  5. Bhaphait Chahak Jinagi – Sudhanshu 'Shekhar' Choudhary
  6. Kriti Rajkamlak – Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna (First Ten Stories only)
  7. Katha–Sangrah – Publisher: Maithili Acadamy, Patna

Candidates should solve previous years’ question papers as well as from mock tests to be able to score high marks in the UPSC Maithli Literature exam.

Also Check: UPSC Mains Syllabus for GS Papers

GS I Syllabus GS II Syllabus
GS III Syllabus GS IV Syllabus





 

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