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CBSE Class 12 Physics Board Exam 2019: Most Important Topics and Derivations

Mar 4, 2019 18:13 IST
Important Topics and Derivations for CBSE Class 12 Physics Board Exam 2019

CBSE Class 12 Physics Board Exam 2019 is scheduled to be held on 5th March. Check important topics and derivations which can be asked in CBSE Class 12 Physics Board Exam 2019. CBSE will soon release date sheet for Class 12 board exam 2019.

The syllabus of CBSE Class 12 Physics is vast. There are total 15 chapters (or 10 Units) in NCERT textbooks of Class 12 Physics (Part I and Part II). Students preparing for CBSE Class 12 Physics board exam 2019 should know about important topics and derivations.

Although all the topics mentioned in latest CBSE Class 12th Physics syllabus 2019 are important. But, after the analysis of some previous year papers of CBSE Class 12th Physics, we have identified some important derivations, topics and questions which are extremely important for CBSE Class 12th Physics 2019 board exam.

CBSE Class 12 Physics Sample Paper 2019

NCERT Based Notes for CBSE Class 12th Physics Board Exam 2019: All Chapters

Complete details related to important derivations and topics which can be asked in CBSE Class 12 board exam 2019 are given below:

Unit 1: Electrostatics

There are two chapters in this unit. Chapter: 1 is Electric Charges and Fields and Chapter: 2 is Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance. Important topics and derivations of these chapters are given below:

Chapter 1: Electric Charges and Fields

Coulomb’s law in vector form (Agreement with Newton’s third law i.e. F12 = ‒F21).

Electric field intensity on Equatorial Line & Axial Line of an Electric Dipole.

Electric Field Intensity at various points due to a uniformly charged spherical shell (thin & thick both).

Electric filed intensity due to a thin infinite plane sheet of charge.

Application of Gauss theorem in calculation of electric field.

Chapter 2: Electrostatic Potential and Capacitance

Electric Potential due to a point charge.

Electric Potential on Axial Line & Equatorial Line of an Electric Dipole.

Capacitance of parallel plate capacitor (with or without dielectric medium).

Energy stored in a capacitor.

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Unit 2: Current Electricity

There is only 1 chapter in this unit that is Current Electricity. Important concepts and derivations expected to be asked in CBSE Class 12 Physics board exam 2019 from this chapter are given below:

Chapter ‒ 3: Current Electricity

Expression for drift velocity.

Relation between current and drift velocity.

Series and parallel connection of resistors (Derivations and Numerical Problems).

Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications (Definition and Numerical Problems).

Potentiometer (Numerical are expected this year)

Unit 3: Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

There are two chapters in this unit of Class 12 Physics NCERT textbook. Name of these chapters are Moving Charges and Magnetism & Magnetism and Matter.

Important topics and derivations of these chapters are given below:

 Chapter – 4: Moving Charges and Magnetism

Application of Biot - Savart law (Calculation of magnetic field due to current carrying circular loop).

Ampere’s law and its applications (Magnetic field due to infinitely long straight wire; Straight and toroidal solenoids).

Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields (Numerical and Derication)

Cyclotron (Diagram, Theory and Derivation).

Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field (Derivation and Numerical Problems).

Force between two parallel current-carrying conductors (including definition of ampere).

Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field.

Moving coil galvanometer-its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.

Chapter ‒ 5: Magnetism and Matter

Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment.

Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.

Magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) along its axis and perpendicular to its axis.

Torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field.

Properties of Para-, dia- and ferro - magnetic substances

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Unit 4 Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current

There are two chapters in this unit of Class 12 Physics Syllabus. Name of these chapters are Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current.

Important topics and derivations of these chapters are given below:

Chapter – 6: Electromagnetic Induction

Motional EMF or Induced EMF (Derivations and Numerical Problems).

Mutual Induction and Self Induction.

Chapter – 7: Alternating Current

Relation between rms and peak value of current & emf (Numerical Problems and Derivations).

Reactance, impedance & average power in series LCR, LR, CR or LR circuit. (Numerical Problems and Derivations).

Resonance in series LCR circuit. (Numerical Problems and Derivations).

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Unit 5: Electromagnetic waves

There is only one chapter in this unit and that is Electromagnetic waves. Important topics and derivations of this chapter are given below:

Displacement current (Basic Concept)

Characteristic and Properties of EM Waves

Electromagnetic spectrum

Unit 6 Optics

There are 2 chapters in this unit. Name of these chapter are Ray Optics and Optical Instruments & Wave Optics.

Important topics of this chapter are given below:

Chapter-9: Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Total Internal Reflection (Definition and Numerical Problems)

Lensmaker’s formula (Derivations and Numerical Problems)

Refraction and dispersion of light through a prism (Derivations and Numerical Problems)

Scattering of light (Blue colour of sky, reddish appearance of the sun at sunrise and sunset)

Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (Ray Diagram & Numerical Problems)

Refractive Index of a Prism and Condition for Minimum Deviation (Derivations and Numerical Problems)

Chapter-10: Wave Optics

Young double slit experiment (Derivations and Numerical Problems)

Diffraction using single slit (Derivations and Numerical Problems)

Polarisation (Definition and Numerical Problems)

Unit 7: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

There is only one chapter in this unit. Name of the chapter is Dual Nature of Matter and Radiation. Important topics of this chapter are given below:

Chapter-11: Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Dual nature of radiation

Photoelectric effect

Hertz and Lenard’s observations;

Einstein’s photoelectric equation-particle nature of light

Unit 8: Atoms and Nuclei

There are two chapters in this unit. Name of these chapters are: Atoms and Nuclei. Important topics and derivations of this chapter are given below:

Chapter-12: Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment

Expression of radius (hydrogen like atoms)

Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum (Including numerical problems)

Chapter-13: Nuclei

N = Neλt

Mass defect (Definition and Numerical Problems)

Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number (Definition and Numerical Problems)

Nuclear fission & Nuclear fusion (Definition and Numerical Problems)

Unit 9 Electronic Devices

Only one chapter is there in this unit. The name of this chapter is Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits. Important topics of this chapter are given below:

Chapter -14: Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits

Energy bands in Conductors; Semiconductors and Insulators (qualitative ideas only)

Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias

Diode as a rectifier

Junction transistor: Common base transistor amplifier and Common emitter transistor amplifier

Unit 10 Communication System

Only one chapter is there in this unit. The name of this chapter is Communication System. Important topics and derivations of this chapter are given below:

Chapter-15: Communication System

Elements of a communication system

Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky & space wave propagation, satellite communication.

Types of Modulation and Modulation Index

These are some important derivations and topic from all the 10 units (or 15 Chapters) of CBSE Class 12th Physics which are likely to be asked in coming 2019 board exam. While preparing for CBSE Class 12th Physics board exam 2019, students should give priority to the topics mentioned above.

NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 12 Physics