The Common Law Admission Test, commonly known as CLAT, is conducted on a national level basis by one of the National Law Universities of India on a rotatory basis. It is an entrance exam for students who want to pursue 5 years integrated law course and PG Course in the NLUs and other institutes accepting CLAT scores. Some of the other law institutes and universities of India also consider CLAT scores as the criterion to give admission to law aspirants.
As per the latest changes being introduced, CLAT PG level test syllabus has been changed by the NLU. The Subjective section has been reintroduced by the NLU. As far as the UG test level syllabus is concerned, no major changes have been introduced this year.
CLAT 2021 Syllabus – Sectional Composition
The syllabus of CLAT is divided into following sections:
- English Including Comprehension
- General Knowledge and Currents Affairs
- Legal Aptitude
- Logical Reasoning
CLAT Syllabus 2021 for UG Exam
The details of the CLAT syllabus are given below:
Current Affairs Including General Knowledge
Candidates, in this section, will be provided passages derived from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing of up to 450 words each. The questions in this section may include an examination of legal information or knowledge discussed in or related to the passage, but will not demand any additional knowledge of the law beyond the passage.
Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will require the candidates to demonstrate their awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge. This include
- Arts and culture
- International affairs
- Contemporary events of significance from India and the world
- Historical events of continuing significance
- Legal Reasoning
English (with Comprehension)
In this section of the CLAT UG 2021 question paper, candidates will be required to answer questions based on passage of about 450 words. The passage will be derived from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing. The questions following the passage will test a candidate’s ability to comprehend and language skills, including his/her ability to
- Read and comprehend the main theme of the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage
- Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage
- Summarise the passage
- Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage
- Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage
In this section too, candidates will be expected to go through a passage of about 450 words. The passages will be relatable to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. Although any prior knowledge of law is not mandatory, candidates will benefit from a general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues to better apply general principles or propositions to the given fact scenarios.
- The questions following the passage will require the candidates to
- Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage
- Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations
- Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations
The Quantitative Techniques section of the CLAT UG 2021 will comprise short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information. The representations will be followed by a series of questions. Candidates will need to derive information from the passages, graphs, or other representations, and
- Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
- Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.
This section of the CLAT UG 2021 question paper will comprise a series of short passages of about 300 words each. The questions based on the passage will require the candidates to
- Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions
- Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage
- Critically analyse patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence
- Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations
- Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments
CLAT Syllabus 2021 for PG Exam
The CLAT PG 2021 question paper will be based on areas such as Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Contract Law, Torts, International Law, Intellectual Property, Jurisprudence and important judgments from the recent past. Questions in CLAT PG 2021 will be both of objective and subjective nature.
It is the theoretical study of law studied to gain a deeper understanding of legal systems, legal reasoning, legal institutions and their role in the society.
- Law of Torts
It is a new common law development supplemented by codifying statutes including statutes governing damages.
- Criminal Law
It is a body which deals with crimes. It includes threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety, and moral welfare of people inclusive of one's self.
- Family Law
This section will include questions related to marriage, domestic partnership, adoption, paternity, child custody, surrogacy and juvenile law.
- International Law
It is the set of rules generally regarded and accepted as binding in relations between states and between nations. It serves as a framework for the practice of stable and organized international relations.
- Property Law
Property law is the area of law that governs the various forms of ownership and tenancy in real property and in personal property, within the common law legal system.
- Intellectual Property Law
It deals with the rules for securing and enforcing legal rights to inventions, designs, and artistic works. Just as the law protects ownership of personal property and real estate, so too does it protect the exclusive control of intangible assets.
- Law of Contracts
A contract is an agreement between two or more parties to perform a service, provide a product or commit to an act and is enforceable by law. There are several types of contracts, and each has specific terms and conditions. The law governing the same can be defined as the law of contracts.
Objective Section of CLAT PG 2021
In this section, candidates will be provided extracts from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations. The questions following the passage will judge candidates’
- Ability to read and comprehend the issues discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage
- Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage, as well as of legal issues and facts related to and arising out of the passage and the judgment or statute from which it is extracted
- Summarise the passage
- Ability to apply your knowledge of the fields of law discussed in the passage
Descriptive Section of CLAT PG 2021
Candidates, in this section, will be asked to write essays answering any 2 questions from amongst the list of questions supplied. The word limit for each answer will be 800 wherein the candidates will be asked to demonstrate their
Awareness of the legal, factual, and philosophical issues arising out of the questions chosen to answer
Ability to structure your answer, and clearly set out various arguments and perspectives related to the topic set out in the questions and to draw a conclusion based on the same
|Section||No. of Questions||Total Marks|
|Objective Section||100 MCQs||100|
|Subjective Section||2 Essays||50|
CLAT 2021 – Marking Scheme
While CLAT UG 2021 will be of 150 marks, CLAT PG 2021 will be of 100 marks. Each question will carry 1 mark each. Questions would be of objective-nature where the candidates will be required to choose one option out of the four options given. There will be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each incorrect answer and 0 marks are awarded to non-attempted questions.