CTET 2016: Social Studies notes

Feb 8, 2016 17:20 IST

Important notes on geography (Social studies/ Social Science) for CTET 2016

With an objective to bring national standards and benchmark of teacher quality in the recruitment process, Central board of secondary Education (CBSE) conducts CTET examination qualifying to which is mandatory for getting teaching jobs in government schools from Class 1 to Class 8. It is conducted by both Central government and State governments in India. CBSE has notified the date of examination of Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) to be held in February 2016. As, it is less than a month to go, everyone will be preparing hard for the examination.
Social studies/Social science is one of the elective subjects in paper II of CTET. Geography is an important part of the syllabus of social studies/social science in CTET exams. Geography is the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity which affect it. The study of geography explains how people and their environment interact, and how a diverse range of economies, societies and environments are interconnected.
Being a part of general knowledge, everyone focuses on this subject. In our last article, we focused on the ancient history of India and the current article is point wise highlights of Indian Geography along with some important facts of our earth, a part of solar system.

Few important facts about the geography of India

•The highest point of India is Kanchenjunga, situated at an altitude of 8, 598 m above the sea level.
•The lowest point of the nation is Kuttanad, in the state of Kerala, which is located at −2.2 m below the sea level.
•Some of the longest rivers of India flowing towards the Bay of Bengal are:

•Few of the Indian rivers, whose flowing basin is Arabian Sea are:

•Brahmaputra River, flowing over an area of 2, 900 km is the longest river of our country.
•Kanchenjunga is the tallest Mountain in India
•Chitrakot is the largest waterfalls in India.
•Cherrapunji is the highest Rainfall in India.
•Siachen Glacier is the largest Glacier in India:
•Goa is the smallest state in India (area wise)
•Rajasthan is the largest state in India: (area wise)
•Uttar Pradesh is the state with the highest population in India.
•Territorial Sea of India - 12 nm (nautical miles)
•Largest Lake of India - Lake Chilka
•Northernmost Point of India -  Siachen Glacier near Karakoram
•Southernmost Point of India - Indira Point (Great Nicobar, Andaman & Nicobar Islands)
•Southernmost Point of India (Mainland) -  Cape Comorin (Kanya Kumari)
•Westernmost Point - West of Ghuar Mota, Gujarat
•Easternmost Point - Kibithu, Arunachal Pradesh
•Largest Lake - Wular Lake, Kashmir
•Largest Lake (Saline Water) - Chilka Lake, Orrisa
•Largest Man-Made Lake - Govind Vallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)
•Largest Fresh Water Lake - Kolleru Lake (Andhra Pradesh)
•Highest Lake (altitude) - Devtal Lake, Gadhwal (Uttarakhand)
•Largest Populated City of India - Mumbai
•Highest rainfall - Cherrapunhi (426 inches per annum)
•State wise largest area under forest -Madhya Pradesh
•Largest Delta - Sunderbans Delta
•Biggest Cave temple - Ellora
•Longest Road - Grand Trunk Road
•Highest Road - Road at Khardungla,(in Leh-Manali Sector)
•Biggest Mosque - Jama Masjid at Delhi
•Highest Gateway - Buland Darwaza at Fatehpur Sikri (53.6 meters high)
•Largest Dome - Gol Gumbaz at Bijapur
•Largest Zoo - Zoological Garden at Alipur (Kolkata)
•Longest Dam of our country - Hirakud Dam (Orrisa)
•State with longest coastline - Gujarat
•Longest Railway Route -  From Assam to Kanyakumari
•Longest Tunnel -  Jawahar tunnel (Jammu & Kashmir)
•Smallest State (Population) - Sikkim
•Most Populated State (in terms of density) - West Bengal
•Largest Port - Mumbai
•Highest Airport - Leh (Laddakh)
•Biggest Stadium - Yuva Bharti (Salt Lake) Stadium, Kolkata
 Facts about Earth: (an important part of social studies for CTET 2016)
•Earth is the third planet from the sun and is the largest of the terrestrial planets.
•The earth is the only planet in our solar system not to be named after a Greek or roman deity.
•Equatorial Diameter of earth - 12,756 km
•Polar Diameter of earth - 12,714 km
•Equatorial Circumference - 40,030 km
•Known Moons of the earth - 1 (The Moon)
•Earth is the densest planet in the solar system.
•The gravity between the Earth and the Moon causes the tides on Earth.
•The rotation of the Earth is gradually slowing down.
•Earth’s atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen, and trace amounts of other gases including argon and carbon dioxide.
•The Earth has an Ozone Layer which protects it from harmful solar radiation (Ultra violet radiations).
•The highest point found on Earth is Mount Everest which reaches a height of 8.8 km.
•The lowest point on Earth is called Challenger Deep and at 10.9 km below sea level, it is further than the peak of Mount Everest.
•The axis of rotation of circular orbit of the earth is tilted 23.4° away from the perpendicular of its orbital plane, which produces the seasons we experience.
•A year on Earth lasts just over 365 days. It is actually 1/4 of a day over 365 days which is why we have a leap year every four years.
•The Earth is around 4.6 billion years old according to scientists.
•The Earth is the densest planet in the Solar System.
•Earth is the fifth largest planet in the Solar System.
•Due to Earth’s distance from the Sun, it takes about 8 minutes and 19 seconds for light to reach the planet from the Sun.

The above point wise notes may be very useful for last minute revisions for CTET exam. I suggest studying NCERT books for detailed preparations of the subject. All the best for examination.

CTET 2016: Social Science study notes

CTET 2016: social Science study material and sample paper