For the Civil Services aspirants the available NIOS readings are much important. The NIOS textbooks contain precise study material available in all major subjects like History, Geography, Political Science, Economy, Accountancy, Business Studies, Sociology Psychology, Environment and Ecology etc. The IAS aspirants need to prefer such textbooks which required less time to cover the whole UPSC IAS syllabus. NIOS textbooks are equally important for UPSC IAS Prelims Exam as well as for IAS Mains Exam.
Most of the Civil Services Aspirants find difficulties to cover the whole syllabus due to unavailability of proper study resource materials consequently they bound to prefer such study materials which may inappropriate in perspective of IAS Exam.
Here, we have provided the NIOS study material for the subject Geography, one of the most important subjects in terms of number of questions asked in IAS Prelims Exam in recent years. The scope and importance of the subject geography is growing year by year because Geography is much associated with the subject like environment and Ecology also.
Module 10A: Local area Planning
Lesson 30. Local area Planning
Local area planning is a process of planning that is concerned with resolving local level problems and issues. Its priorities include over all welfare of the people and development of the local area. Maintenance of social services and amenities, promotion in the quality and quantity of local products and services and keeping surroundings and local environment clean and green are some of its continuous concerns.
Lesson 31. Data collection, Processing and Analysis
In the previous lesson we have learnt about the concept and approaches of local area planning for which data is a necessary condition. In this chapter we will discuss about the procedures followed in data collection processing and analysis. In our routine life we come across several information through print, audio and visual media, social gatherings and discussions.
Lesson 32. Recommendations through case studies
Till now we have studied various dimensions of local area planning and processing techniques of data/information. These dimensions will help in conducting the case studies under different geographical setup. To make your work more convenient, we have discussed four case studies. These case studies are related to market, slum, tribal and hill areas. In this unit we have given a detailed account of these case studies.
Module 10B: Geography of Tourism in India
Lesson 30. Tourism-Concept, Resources and Development
The beauty of nature lies in its variety which indeed is endless. So is the timeless desire in the human beings to appreciate the nature from the bottom of their heart. This is why since ancient times explorers, discoverers and travellers undertook adventurous journeys in spite of all difficulties they came across.
Lesson 31. Development of Infrastructure and Growth of Tourism
India has already made a place on world’s tourism map because of its great potential to attract tourists to the diversity of its tourist sites spread all over the country. It is also known that we still lay behind our other neighbouring countries like China, Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand.
Lesson 32. Prospects and Problems of Tourism
You know that the capacity of tourists from rich countries to spare their leisure time and money for holidaying combined with their business enterprise has led to steady growth of tourism industry. A part of the foreign exchange we earn from international tourists in addition to what our domestic sightseers contribute during their travel and stay is further spent to improve tourism infrastructure.