General Studies Paper 3 usually contains questions based on the current economical and technological developments of the country. For the coverage of such topics, referring a separate book on each topic is not a good idea.
So, if you have reading habit of news papers on daily basis then you are already in process to cover the topics of this paper. Let’s analyze the IAS Mains 2016 GS paper 3 question paper given below.
GENERAL STUDIES Paper- III
Time Allowed: Three Hours
Maximum Marks: 250
QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTIONS
Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions:
There are TWENTY questions printed both in HINDI and in ENGLISH.
All the questions are compulsory.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Answers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Any page or portion of the page left blank in the answer book must be clearly struck off.
Answer all the following questions. Each question is to be answered in not more than 200 words. Each question carries equal marks.
1. How globalization has led to the reduction of employment in the formal sector of the Indian economy? Is increased informalization detrimental to the development of the country?
2. Women empowerment in India needs gender budgeting. What are the requirements and status of gender budgeting in the Indian context?
3. Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) is necessary for bringing unbanked to the institutional finance fold. Do you agree with this for financial inclusion of the poorer section of the Indian society? Give arguments to justify your opinion.
4. What are ‘Smart Cities? Examine their relevance for urban development in India. Will it increase rural-urban differences? Give arguments for Smart Villages’ in the light of PURA and RURBAN Mission.
5. Justify the need for FDI for the development of the Indian economy. Why there is gap between MOUs signed and actual FDIs? Suggest remedial steps to be taken for increasing actual FDIs in India.
Answer:Foreign Direct Investment is an investment by a foreign business (individual or company) in the country which is not its home country. It establishes control over the business operations or acquires business assets in a company based in another country, called the host country. Read more on the link below...
6. Comment on the challenges for inclusive growth which include careless and useless manpower in the Indian context. Suggest measures to be taken for facing these challenges.
7. What is water-use efficiency? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency.
Answer: agriculture has largely stagnated and scope for expansion is limited, hence the focus should be on how to improve agricultural production and productivity. One such focus area is irrigation where state intervention is required, irrigation has direct bearing on improved production and productivity as our agriculture profile is largely monsoon dependent or rain fed. Read more on below link...
8. What is allelopathy? Discuss its role in major cropping systems of irrigated agriculture.
9. Discuss the role of land reforms in agricultural development. Identify the factors that were responsible for the success of land reforms in India.
Answer: Historically, land has defined rights of a man. A man who did not possess a private property did not have right to vote or other acquisition. It is associated with a person’s economic status, strength in the society and a good source of revenue generation for the state.
10. Given the vulnerability of Indian agriculture to vagaries of nature, discuss the need for crop insurance and bring out the salient features of the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY).
Answer: The government’s move came in an attempt to check the problem of rising cases of suicide by the farmers. The premium rates to be paid by the farmers have been brought down substantially so as to enable more farmers avail insurance cover against crop loss on account of natural calamities. The scheme will come into effect from the upcoming kharif Season June 2016. Read more in the link given below...
11. Give an account of the current status and the targets to be achieved pertaining to renewable energy sources in the country. Discuss in brief the importance of National Programme on Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs).
12. Discuss India’s achievements in the field of Space Science and Technology. How the application of this technology has helped India in its socio-economic development?
13. Why is nanotechnology one of the key technologies of the 21st century? Describe the salient features of Indian Government’s Mission on Nanoscience and Technology and the scope of its application in the development process of the country.
14. Rehabilitation of human settlements is one of the important environmental impacts which always attracts controversy while planning major projects. Discuss the measures suggested for mitigation of this impact while proposing major developmental projects.
15. The frequency of urban floods due to high intensity rainfall is increasing over the years. Discussing the reasons for urban floods. highlight the mechanisms for preparedness to reduce the risk during such events.
16. With reference to National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) guidelines, discuss the measures to be adopted to mitigate the impact of the recent incidents of cloudbursts in many places of Uttarakhand.
17. The terms ‘Hot Pursuit’ and ‘Surgical Strikes’ are often used in connection with armed action against terrorist attacks. Discuss the strategic impact of such actions.
18. “Terrorism is emerging as a competitive industry over the last few decades.” Analyse the above statement.
Answer: India has long been affected by the menace of terrorism losing hundreds of lives, prevalence of organized crimes, inhibiting healthy development of many of its border states and so on. Owing to its adverse neighbors, India always remain at its toes to deal with the draconian terrorism. Read more on the link below...
19. Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and hostile relations with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective border management.
20. Use of Internet and social media by non-state actors for subversive activities is a major concern. How have these have misused in the recent past? Suggest effective guidelines to curb the above threat.