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IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 3 April 2018

Apr 3, 2018 12:50 IST
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 3 April 2018
    IAS Preparation Questions for Prelims: 3 April 2018

    IAS preparation needs an immense hard work that should be based on the smart work of IAS aspirants. Such smart exercise of doing IAS preparation will lead to scoring better at all phases of IAS Exam. Go through the current affairs quizzes provided in this article for IAS Prelims Exam 2018.

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    1. Recently, the Ministry of Tourism in close collaboration with Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) launched “Adopt a Heritage Project”. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. The project primarily focuses on providing basic amenities that include cleanliness, public convenience, drinking water, ease of access for tourists, signage etc. and advanced amenities like TFC, Souvenir shop, Cafeteria etc.
    2. The project envisages that selected public sector companies, private sector companies and individuals will develop tourist amenities at heritage sites.
    3. The project was launched by the President of India on 27th September 2017 with 93 ASI ticketed monuments and has now been expanded to other natural and cultural heritage sites and other tourist sites across India.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    Ministry of Tourism in close collaboration with Ministry of Culture and Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) launched “Adopt a Heritage Project” to provide world-class tourist facilities at the various natural/cultural heritage sites, monuments and other tourist sites to make them tourist friendly, enhance their tourist potential and cultural importance in a planned and phased manner across the country.

    The project primarily focuses on providing basic amenities that include cleanliness, public convenience, drinking water, ease of access for tourists, signage etc. and advanced amenities like TFC, Souvenir shop, Cafeteria etc.

    The project envisages that selected public sector companies, private sector companies and individuals will develop tourist amenities at heritage sites. They would become ‘Monument Mitra’ and adopt the sites essentially under their Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) activity. They would also look after the operations and maintenance of the adopted site initially for the 5 years subject to review at any time.

    The project began with 93 ASI ticketed monuments and has now been expanded to other natural and cultural heritage sites and other tourist sites across India. The project was launched by the President of India on 27th September 2017 on the occasion of World Tourism Day.

    The heritage sites/monuments enlisted are categorized as green, blue and orange on the basis of tourist footfall and visibility. As a part of project guidelines, it is mandatory for Monument Mitra, who is opting for a monument from green category to choose at least one site from either orange or blue category.

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    2. Which of the following monuments/historical sites recently been identified as tentatively for listing under World Heritage Site is correctly matched?
    a. Apatani Cultural Landscape - Manipur
    b. Moidams                           - Sikkim
    c. Namdapha National Park     - Arunachal Pradesh
    d. River Island                       - Sikkim

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    As many as 6 monuments/historical sites in the North Eastern states have been identified tentatively for listing under World Heritage Site.

    Details of monuments/sites identified/placed under tentative list for listing under world heritage in the northeastern states are given below:

    • Apatani Cultural Landscape, Arunachal Pradesh

    • Iconic Saree Weaving Clusters of India

    • Moidams – the Mound – Burial System of the Ahom Dynasty, Assam

    • Namdapha National Park, Arunachal Pradesh

    • River Island of Majuli in midstream of Brahmaputra River in Assam

    • Thembang Fortified Village, Arunachal Pradesh

    A total of 83 monuments/sites of the North-Eastern States are centrally protected under the Archaeological Survey of India.Expenditure incurred on centrally protected monuments/sites in the northeastern region of the country (state- wise) during the last three years.

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    3. Recently, the Government has launched Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan to encourage Science & Mathematics learning in children. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA) is a convergent framework across School Education and Higher Education aiming to encourage children towards learning Science and Mathematics and to develop their interest through activities related to Science and Mathematics.
    2. One of the interventions under RAA is strengthening of school Science and Mathematics laboratories, through the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA).
    3. Under RMSA, an amount of Rs. 179.73 crore has been approved in 2017-18, for in-service training of science and maths teachers, remedial teaching, provision of science and math kits, science exhibitions, etc.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 1 and 2
    c. 2 and 3
    d. 1, 2 and 3

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched the Rashtriya Avishkar Abhiyan (RAA), a convergent framework across School Education and Higher Education aiming to encourage children towards learning Science and Mathematics and to develop their interest through activities related to Science and Mathematics. One of the interventions under RAA is strengthening of school Science and Mathematics laboratories, through the Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA). Further, under RMSA, important interventions i.e. Science Fair/Exhibition and Talent Search at the district level; mathematics and science kits to schools, visit higher institutions of students and learning enhancement of students have been approved.

    Under RMSA, an amount of Rs. 179.73 crore has been approved in 2017-18, for in-service training of science and maths teachers, remedial teaching, provision of science and math kits, science exhibitions, etc.

    NITI Aayog under the Atal Innovation Mission is establishing Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs) in schools across India. The objective of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc. Till date, 2441 schools have been selected across the country to establish ATL.

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    4. Which of the following initiatives was/were launched by the government in the field of higher education for the qualitative development of education in the country?
    a. Impacting Research Innovation & Technology (IMPRINT)
    b. National Academic Depository (NAD)
    c. Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM)
    d. All of the above

    Answer: d

    Explanation:

    The Central Government, the University Grants Commission (UGC) and All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) are constantly endeavouring to improve quality of higher education and make higher education practical in the country. The Central Government has launched several initiatives viz. National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF), Impacting Research Innovation & Technology (IMPRINT), Uchhatar Avishkar Yojana (UAY), Global Initiative of Academic Networks (GIAN), Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM), National Academic Depository (NAD), Technical Education Quality Improvement Programme (TEQIP), Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching (PMMMNMTT), National Digital Library, Campus Connect Programme etc. in the field of higher education for qualitative development of education in the country.

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    5. Till date 34 projects successfully implemented under National Culture Fund Scheme which was set up on 28th November 1996 by the Government. Consider the following statements regarding this:
    1. National Culture Fund (NCF) set up with a view to mobilize extra resources through Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs).
    2. The National Culture Fund is managed and administered by a council headed by Culture Minister to decide the policies and an Executive Committee headed by Secretary, Culture to actualize those policies.

    Which of the above statements is/are correct?
    a. 1 only
    b. 2 only
    c. Both 1 and 2
    d. Neither 1 nor 2

    Answer: c

    Explanation:

    National Culture Fund (NCF) set up as a Trust under the Charitable Endowment Act, 1890 on 28th November 1996 by the Government, with a view to mobilize extra resources through Public-Private Partnerships has successfully completed 34 projects since inception, thus, promoting, protecting and preserving India’s cultural heritage.

    The National Culture Fund is managed and administered by a council headed by Culture Minister to decide the policies and an Executive Committee headed by Secretary, Culture to actualize those policies. The Fund aims at inviting the participation of the corporate sector, non-government organizations, private/public sector as well as individuals in the task of promoting, protecting and preserving India’s cultural heritage.

    The Government has granted Rs. 19.50 crore as one-time corpus fund to National Culture Fund out of the planned budget. Apart from this, there is no fund allocated by the Government to National Culture Fund. Besides this, NCF receives contributions and voluntary donations as endowments from many other sources.

    All the projects undertaken by the NCF are completed within a specified period, in accordance with a MoU signed by NCF with the concerned donor organization. Accordingly, any ongoing project is supposed to be completed in several stages for which adequate funding is made available by the donor at such different stages. Consequently, there is always some unspent balance lying with NCF in respect of such ongoing projects which are still awaiting completion.

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