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IBPS PO 2018 Prelims (Reasoning Ability): 35 Most Important Questions with Solutions

Oct 12, 2018 15:14 IST
Important Questions on Logical Reasoning

Critical questions (with solutions) on Reasoning Ability for IBPS PO 2018 Preliminary exam are available here. These logical reasoning questions are expected to be asked in IBPS PO recruitment exam 2018.

These questions are based on latest Syllabus of IBPS PO 2018 and it might be possible that you will get almost similar reasoning questions in the IBPS PO Prelims 2018.

All the reasoning questions have detailed solutions and after going through these solutions, you will learn some important tricks to solve reasoning questions for various bank recruitment exams.

If we talk about examination pattern of IBPS PO Prelims 2018, then candidates need to solve 100 questions in time duration of 1 hour. There will be a fixed time (of 20 minutes) for each section. More detail about each section is given below:

Section Name

Number of Questions

Duration

English Language

30

20 Minutes

Quantitative Aptitude

35

20 Minutes

Reasoning Ability

35

20 Minutes

Total

100 Questions (100 Marks)

1 Hour

For more details about exam pattern and syllabus of IBPS PO 2018 Recruitment exam, please refer this article.

This article is all about Reasoning Ability section of IBPS PO Prelims 2018. Here, you will get 35 most important questions for Reasoning Ability section along with answers & detailed explanations. Answers and solutions of all the questions are given after questions.

Important questions on the logical reasoning section of IBPS PO Prelims 2018 are given below:

Directions (1-5): What should come in the place of question mark (?) in the following alpha - numeric series?

1. C6,  F3, I9, ?,  O3

a) L6 

b) Q3 

c) R9 

d) T6

e) None of these

IBPS PO 2018 Prelims (English Language): 30 Most Important Questions with Solutions

IBPS PO 2018 Prelims (Quantitative Aptitude): 35 Most Important Questions with Solutions

2. C-8, H-12, M-16, ? , W-24

(a) Q-18 

(b) P-19 

(c) R - 20 

(d) O-20

(e) None of these

IBPS PO Cut-off 2018 (Expected)

3. O1F, R2H, U6J, X21L , ?

(a) B80M 

(b) D78O

(c) A88N

(d) C82Q

(e) None of these

4. 13L3, 17D7, 21V2, 25N10, ?

(a) 29F18

(b) 26G12 

(c) 27H14

(d) 31J03

(e) None of these

5. 1CV, 5FU, 9IT, ?, 17OR

(a) 5FU

(b) 13LS

(c) 9IT

(d) 17OR

(e) None of these

6. Find out the odd one from the given options which is different from others.

(a) Rhinoceros 

(b) Jaguars 

(c) Leopards

(d) Tigers

(e) Lion

Category: Inequalities

Directions (7 -11): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. These statements are followed by two conclusions. Mark answer:   

a) If only conclusion I follows.

b) If only conclusion II follows.

c) If either conclusion I or II follows.

d) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.

e) If both conclusion I and II follow.

7. Statement: M=J, D≤J, R<J

Conclusions:

I. D=M

II. M>D

8. Statement: D≤N, N>B, K≥D

Conclusions:

I. N>K

II. B≥K

9. Statement: X=J, T<X, W≤T

Conclusions:

I.  J>W

II. T<J

10. Statement: N>B, B<L, D=N

Conclusions:

I. L>D

II. D>B

11. Statement: C≤D, D=N, F>N

Conclusions:

I. C<N

II. F>C

Category: Coding decoding

Directions-(12-16) Study the following information to answer the given questions:

In a certain code ‘good method to process' is written as 'ad mi ja no', ' the method to purchase' is written as 'ku ja ig ad'. ’Star of the night' is written as 'be ku zo mi' and 'to liquid of summer' is written as 'be Ii ya ja'.

12. What is the code for 'liquid'?

a) be    

b) Ii

c) ya     

d) ja     

e) Cannot be determined

13. Which of the following may represent ‘purchase is method'?

a) ig ad no   

b) ig py ya     

c) re ad be   

d) ig li re

e) ad re ig

14. ‘mi’ is the code for

a) to    

b) process

c) method     

d) of

e) Cannot be determined

15. What is the code for' good'?

a) ad    

b) mi      

c) no     

d) ja     

e) Cannot be determined

16. Which of the following represents 'of the process'?

a) ku be ad  

b) ni be no    

c) ku be ya   

d) mi ku be  

e) be mi ad

Category: Blood relation

17. P’s father’s Sister’s father is Q. How is Q related to P?

a) Father

b) Uncle

c) Grandfather

d) Son

e) None of these

Category: Syllogism

Directions (18 – 19): In each of the following questions there are three statements, which are followed by three or four conclusions. Choose the conclusions which logically follow from the given statements.

18. Statements:

I. All plates are tables.

II. All tables are chairs.

III. Some cups are chairs.

Conclusions:

1. Some chairs are plates.

2. Some cups are tables.

3. All the tables are plates.

a) Only (1) and (2)

b) Only (1)

c) Only (2)

d) Only (1) and (3)

e) None follows

19. Statements:

I. Some PQ is RS

II. No RS is TU

Conclusions:

1. Some TU is RS.

2. All PQ is TU.

3. All TU being PQ is a possibility.

a) Only (1)

b) Only (2)

c) Only (3)

d) Only (1) and (3)

e) None follows

Category: Linear arrangement

Directions (20 -24): Study the following information to answer the given questions.

Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each such that they are equidistant from each other. In row 1, John, Abrahim, Robert, Kerry, David and Michael are sitting facing South. In row 2, Peter, Adam, Beckett, Gabriel, Keats and Tom are sitting facing North. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement, each member sitting in a row faces another member of the other row. Three persons sit between Robert and Kerry. Either Robert or Kerry sits at an extreme end of the line. The one who faces Kerry sits third to the left of Beckett. Gabriel faces the one who sits third to the left of John and he cannot sit adjacent to Beckett. The immediate neighbour of Adam faces the immediate neighbour of John. Only one person sits between Peter and Keats, who is facing the one sitting on the immediate right of David. Neither David nor Michael faces Beckett. Tom and Adam cannot sit adjacent to each other.

20. Who among the following sit at the extreme ends of the rows?

a) Kerry, Adam

b) Keats, Michael

c) David, Gabriel

d) Abrahim, Keats

e) Michael, Adam

21. If David is related to Peter in the same way as Robert is related to Gabriel, which of the following is John related to, following the same pattern?

a) Tom

b) Beckett

c) Adam

d) Keats

e) Can’t be determined

22. How many persons are sitting between David and Michael?

a) None

b) One

c) Two

d) Three

e) Four

23. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given arrangement and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?

a) Peter–Kerry

b) Adam–John

c) Adam–Michael

d) Gabriel–Abrahim

e) Keats– John

24. Which of the following is true regarding Peter?

a) Adam is an immediate neighbour of Peter.

b) Peter faces the immediate neighbour of Abrahim

c) Peter sits second from the left end of the row

d) Peter sits at one of the extreme ends.

e) Peter faces the one who is second from the right end of the row.

Category: Circular arrangement

Directions (25-29): Read the following information carefully to answer the given questions.

In a business summit, eight representatives, viz. F, G, H, I, J, K, L and M are representing different countries, viz Indonesia, Africa, Portugal, Romania, Jamaica, Samoa, Iran and Switzerland, but not necessarily in the same order. All of them are sitting around a circular table facing the centre. K sits third to the left of J. H and M and also their immediate neighbours do not represent Portugal. Only one person sits between L and the representative of Portugal. The representatives of Romania and Africa are immediate neighbours of each other. H represents neither Jamaica nor Romania. Only one person sits between F and the one who represents Samoa. F does not represent either Portugal or Africa. H sits third to the right of M. M represents Switzerland. J is not an immediate neighbour of either H or M. The one who represents Indonesia is an immediate neighbour of J. Three people sit between M and the representative of Iran. G is not representing either Portugal or Indonesia.

25. Who among the following represents Africa?

a) Q

b) R

c) T

d) V

e) Cannot be determined

26. Who among the following represent immediate neighbours of V?

a) P, Q

b) P, S

c) T, W

d) P, R

e) P and the representative of Jamaica

27. Which of the following is true regarding W?

a) W sits second to the right of P.

b) W represents Romania.

c) W sits between Q and the representative of Switzerland.

d) Only one person sits between W and the representative of Africa.

e) None is true

28. How many persons sit between S and the representative of Romania, when counted anticlockwise from S?

a) None

b) One

c) Two

d) Three

e) Four

29. Which of the following is true?

a) S represents Portugal.

b) Only one person is sitting between the representatives of Romania and Jamaica.

c) The representative of Africa is an immediate neighbour of W.

d) One person sits between Z and the representative of Portugal.

e) None is true

Category: Direction Sense

30. Study the given information carefully and answer the given questions.

I. Point M is 11 m north of point N.

II. Point O is 11 m east of point N.

III. Point P is 6 m north of point O.

IV. Point Q is 7 m west of point P.

V. Point R is 8 m north of point Q.

VI. Point S is 4 m west of point R.

How far is point R from point M?

a) 13 m

b) 4 m

c) 3 m

d) 5 m

e) None of these

Direction (31-32): Answer the questions based on the number sequence below

543 589 657 758 732 685

31. If the numbers are arranged in descending order, which number would be the second last in the sequence?

a) 543

b) 589

c) 758

d) 732

e) None of these

32. If ‘1’ is added and subtracted from each number alternatively starting with addition from the last number of the sequence, how many odd numbers will be there in the sequence?

a) 1

b) 2

c) 3

d) 4

e) None of these

Category: Puzzles

Directions (33-35): Study the following information and answer the given questions:

Seven friends, namely, F1, F2, F3, F4, F5, F6 and F7 watch seven different movies, namely Inferno, Interstellar, Iceman, Immortals, Inception, Sully and War days, not necessarily in the same order, starting from Monday to Sunday (of the same week). F5 watches a movie on Thursday. Only one person watches the movie between F5 and the one who watches Inception. F1 watches movie immediately after the one who watches Inception. Only three people watch the movie between F1 and the one who watches Iceman. Only two people watch the movie between the one who watches Iceman and F6. The one who watches War days watches the movie before F6 but after Thursday. More than two people watch the movie between the one who watches War days and F3. The one who watches Inferno watches the movie immediately before the one who watches Sully. The one who watches Immortals watches immediately before F2. F7 does not watch the movie on Tuesday.

33. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which of the following does not belong to that group?

a) F5-Tuesday

b) F4-Thursday

c) F2-Sunday

d) F1-Friday

e) F6-Saturday

34. Which of the following is true about F4?

a) F4 watches the movie immediately after F3.

b) F4 watches Iceman.

c) Only two people watch the movie between F4 and F3.

d) All the given statements are true

e) F4 watches the movie on Sunday.

35. As per the given arrangement F2 is related to the one who watches Inception in a certain way and F3 is related to the one who watches Sully in the same way. Which of the following is F6 related to in the same way?

a) The one who watches Interstellar

b) The one who watches Immortals

c) The one who watches Iceman

d) The one who watches Inferno

e) The one who watches War days

Solution1.

Answer (a)

Explanation: Here Z =1, Y =2 ……………, A =1.

1st  C → F → I → L → O.

Difference is 2.

2nd Number is sum of the letter placed in reversed alphabetical order i.e., c = 24

So, 4+2 =6, and so on in the same pattern.

SBI PO 2018 Prelims (English Language): 35 Most Important Questions with Solutions

Solution2.

Answer (c)

Explanation:  

C→H→M→R→W, there is simple addition of five letters.

8→12→16→20→24. The numeric series increases in the order C = 3 + 5, H = 8 + 4,  

M = 13 +3, R = 18 + 2 = 20, w = 23 + 1 =24.

Solution3.

Answer (c)

Explanation:

1st term, O → R → U → X → A , Adding 3 in each previous alphabet.

2nd term, 1 → 2 → 6 → 21 → 88 = 1, (1×1)+1,(2×2)+2,(6×3) + 3, (21×4) + 4.

3rd term, F → H → J → L → N, Adding 2 in the previous alphabet.

Solution4.

Answer (a)

Explanation: 1st number in each 13 → 17 → 21 → 25 → 29 is increased by 4.

2nd alphabet L → D → V → N → F. Subtracting 8 from previous alphabet.

3rd numeric value is multiplication of two numbers of first, i.e. 13 = 3×1= 3, 17= 1×1=7, and so on.

Solution5.

Answer (b)

Explanation:

Solution7.

Answer (c)

Explanation: As M=J≥D we can say that either M=D or N>D

Solution8.

Answer (d)

Explanation: From the statement we get, K≥D≤N>B. Hence neither I nor II is true.

Solution9.

Answer (e)

Explanation: From the statement we get W≤T<X=J, hence J<W and T<J are definitely true.

Solution10.

Answer (b)

Explanation:  From the given statement we get D=N>B <L, hence D>B is definitely true but L>D is false.

Solution11.

Answer (b)

Explanation: From the statement we get C≤D=N<F, thus C<N is false as C can also be equal to N but F>C is definitely true.

Solution12.

Answer (e)

Explanation:

word

Good

method

to

process

the

purchase

of

night

liquid

summer

code

no

ad

ja

mi

ku

ig

be

zo

li/ya

ya/li

Solution13.

Answer (e)

Solution14.

Answer (b)

Solution15.

Answer (c)

Solution16.

Answer (a)

Solution17.

Answer (a)

Explanation: Here P’s Father’s sister is P’s Aunt. Her father is P’s father’s father. Therefore, Q is grandfather of P.

Solution18.

Answer (b)

Explanation:

Solution19.

Answer(c) Explanation:

Two possible cases are:

Solution20.

Answer (b)

Explanation: 20-25

Solution21.

Answer (b)

Solution22.

Answer (d)

Solution23.

Answer (c)

Solution24.

Answer (b)

Solution25.

Answer (d)

Explanation: 25-29

Solution26.

Answer (d)

Solution27.

Answer (e)

Solution28.

Answer (c)

Solution29.

Answer (b)

Solution30.

Answer (d)

Explanation:

MS = NS – MN = (PO + EF) – (MN) = (6 + 8) – 11 = 3 m

And SR = 4 m

Solution31.

Answer (b)

Explanation:

The descending order is 758 732 685 657 589 543

Solution32.

Answer (b)

Explanation: Adding 1 and subtracting 1 alternatively from each number starting from the last number will make the sequence:

542 590 656 759 731 686

There are two odd numbers.

Solution33.

Answer (e)

Explanation: 33-35

Days

Friends

Movies

Monday

F3

Inferno

Tuesday

F4

Sully

Wednesday

F7

Iceman

Thursday

F5

Immortals

Friday

F2

War Days

Saturday

F6

Inception

Sunday

F1

interstellar

Solution34.

Answer (a)

Solution35.

Answer (a)

IBPS PO 2018 Prelims (Quantitative Aptitude): 35 Most Important Questions with Solutions