# CBSE Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions: Chapter 12, Sound

May 25, 2018 15:33 IST
Class 9 Science NCERT Solutions

The questions given in NCERT textbooks at the end of each chapter are not only important for examinations but also to get a clear understanding of the concepts in a better way. That is why students are recommended to read NCERT books thoroughly and practice the exercise questions.

Here we are providing NCERT solutions for CBSE Class 9 Science Chapter 12, Sound. All these model solutions have been prepared by the subject experts and are hundred percent accurate.

Students who are having trouble finding the right approach to questions given in Class 9 Science NCERT Chapter 12, Sound, can see the answers given for reference. Solving the NCERT exercise questions gives you enough practice to solve any other problem asked in the exams. This will help you get positive results.

Main topics discussed in Class 9 Science chapter- Sound are:

• Production and propagation of sound
• Characteristics of a sound wave
• Speed of sound in different media
• Reflection of sound: Echo and reverberation
• Uses of multiple reflections of sound
• Range of hearing
• Applications of ultrasound
• Working of sonar
• Structure of human ear.

Students may download all the NCERT Solutions for CBSE Class 9 Science chapter – Sound, in the form of PDF.

Some of the questions and their solutions from NCERT Solutions for Class 9: Sound, are as follows:

Q. Why are sound waves called mechanical waves?

Sol.

Sound waves are called mechanical waves because they produced by the motion of particles of a medium. Hence, sound waves are called mechanical waves.

Q. What are wavelength, frequency, time period and amplitude of a sound wave?

Sol.

a) Wavelength: The distance travelled by the wave during its one complete oscillation is called wavelength of the wave. The distance between two consecutive regions of high pressure or high density (compression) or the distance between two consecutive regions of low pressure or low density (rarefaction) is equal to the wavelength. It is represented by λ. Its SI unit is metre (m).

b) Frequency: The number of oscillations made by the wave in one second is called the frequency of the wave. It is represented by v. Its SI unit is s-1 or hertz.

c) Time period: The time taken by the wave to complete one oscillation is called the time period of the wave. It is represented by T. Its SI unit is second.

d) Amplitude: The maximum displacement of the wave from its mean or equilibrium position is called the amplitude of the wave. It is represented by A or 8. Its SI unit is metre (m).

Q. What is the range of frequencies associated with:

(a) Infrasound (b) Ultrasound

Sol.

(a) Sound waves having frequencies less than 20 Hz and greater than zero are called infrasound.

(b) Sound waves having frequencies more than 20000 Hz are called ultrasound.

Q. What is reverberation? How can it be produced?

Sol.

The phenomenon of prolongation of original sound due to the multiple reflections of sound waves even after the source of sound stops producing sound is called reverberation. Reverberation can be reduced by covering the roofs and walls of the hall by absorbing materials.

Q. How is ultrasound used for cleaning?

Sol.

Ultrasound is generally used to clean parts located in hard-to-reach places, for example, spiral tube, odd shaped parts, electronic components, etc. Objects to be cleaned are placed in a cleaning solution and ultrasonic waves are sent into the solution. Due to the high frequency, the particles of dust, grease and dirt get detached and drop out. The objects, thus get thoroughly cleaned.

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