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UGC NET July 2018 Paper-II Anthropology Previous Year Paper with Answers

Jun 14, 2019 12:45 IST
UGC NET July 2018 Paper-II Anthropology Previous Year Paper with Answers

For cracking NTA UGC NET December 2018 Exam, candidates must practice the previous year papers of the different subjects for which they are applying this year. It will help them in improving their speed of attempting maximum questions in minimum time with accuracy. So, in this article we have shared the UGC NET July 2018 Paper-II Anthropology Previous Year Paper held on 8th July, 2018 alongwith their answers.

UGC NET July 2018 Paper-II Anthropology Previous Year Paper with Answers

1. Who among the following gave the concept of geographical, local and micro-races?

(1) R.D. Lewontin

(2) S.M. Garn

(3) E.A. Hooton

(4) W.C. Boyd

2. Which one of the following Epochs is called the “Age of Apes”?

(1) Oligocene

(2) Eocene

(3) Pleistocene

(4) Miocene

3. Which bone is known as ‘shin bone’?

(1) Femur

(2) Tibia

(3) Humerus

(4) Ulna

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4. One of the first to study brachydactyly was:

(1) Francis Galton

(2) William Bateson

(3) W.C. Farabee

(4) A.E. Garrod

5. “Goodness of fit” test is also known as:

(1) t - test

(2) ANOVA

(3) Chi square test

(4) Regression

6. The maintenance of two or more alleles in a gene pool as a result of heterozygote advantage is:

(1) Transient polymorphism

(2) Genetic Equilibrium

(3) Multiple allelism

(4) Balanced polymorphism

7. A deficiency disease relating to protein energy malnutrition characterized by growth failure, edema, irritability and pigment changes in the skin is known as:

(1) Marasmus

(2) Kwashiorkor

(3) Rickets

(4) Dermatitis

8. The totality of deleterious alleles in a population is known as:

(1) Genetic load

(2) Genetic loss

(3) Genetic equilibrium

(4) Genetic mortality

9. Who are your cross-cousins?

(1) Your mother’s cousin’s children

(2) The children of your mother’s sister or / and your father’s brother

(3) Your father’s cousin’s children

(4) The children of your father’s sister or / and mother’s brother

10. Who among the following is regarded as an ‘armchair anthropologist’?

(1) Edmund Leach

(2) James Frazer

(3) Evans - Pritchard

(4) B. Malinowski

11. Which of the following Constitutional Safeguard (Article) is related with the economic development of the Scheduled Tribes?

(1) Article 339(1)

(2) Article 275(1)

(3) Article 29

(4) Article 338

12. Who has edited the book ‘Anthropology Today An Encyclopedic Inventory’?

(1) Franz Boas

(2) A.L. Kroeber

(3) Edmund Leach

(4) B. Malinowski

13. Who first formulated the doctrine of ‘the psychic unity of mankind’?

(1) L.H. Morgan

(2) E.B. Tylor

(3) Kenneth Pike

(4) Adolf Bastian

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14. Who proposed the evolutionary scheme of religion as follows?

Animism -> Ancestor worship -> Polytheism -> Monotheism

(1) Franz Boas

(2) E.B. Tylor

(3) L.H. Morgan

(4) R.R. Marrett

15. The concept that behaviour in a society should be evaluated in terms of the society’s own cultural values is known as:

(1) Revivalism

(2) Configurationism

(3) Cultural relativism

(4) Ethnocentrism

16. In a society divided into several clans, if clan ‘A’ gives women in marriage to clan ‘B’, and clan ‘A’ does not take women from clan ‘B’ is known as:

(1) Bilateral descent

(2) Ambilineal descent

(3) Symmetrical alliance

(4) Asymmetrical alliance

17. Which of the following Indus Valley sites yielded the earliest signboard of the world?

(1) Ropar

(2) Kalibangan

(3) Dholavira

(4) Lothal

18. Which of the following is characteristic feature of domesticated cereals?

(1) Shattering grain

(2) Non-shattering grain

(3) Split grain

(4) Wind blown grain

19. Which of the following is not an iron age site?

(1) Noh

(2) Attranjikhera

(3) Ahichchatra

(4) Utnur

20. Which of the following is not an attribute of Neolithic culture?

(1) Grinding-polishing technique

(2) Pottery

(3) Food production

(4) Smelting

21. Which of the following features best describe the Homo habilis fossil? Use the given code.

(a) It was discovered by Louis and Mary Leakey

(b) The first fossil of this type came from South Africa

(c) The fossil was also called as ‘Handy Man’

(d) The rock deposits bearing the fossil belong to Late Miocence Epoch.

Code:

(1) (a) and (d) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a) and (c) are correct

(4) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

22. Which of the following features correctly describe the Down Syndrome? Use the given code.

(a) It is also known as 21 - Trisomy

(b) Curt Stern was the first one describe it

(c) It is accompanied by mental retardation, dermatoglyphic changes and congenital heart disease.

(d) Only males are affected; females die even before birth.

Code:

(1) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a) and (c) are correct

(4) (a) and (b) are correct

23. Which of the following features describe the autosomal dominant inheritance? Use the given code.

(a) Affected individuals in equal proportions.

(b) Affected individuals in multiple generations.

(c) Unequal transmission by individuals; i.e, male to male transmission is more.

(d) Sometimes there may be a skipping of a generation.

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

(2) (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a) and (b) are correct

(4) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

24. Which of the following features best describe the H.H. Risley’s classification of the people of India? Use the given code.

(a) He gave his classification in 1930.

(b) It was on the basis of anthropometric measurements.

(c) He classified the people of Indian-subcontinent into seven major groups.

(d) Identification of the Western Brachycephals in India was one of his classification’s highlights.

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c), and (d) are correct

(3) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) (b) and (c) are correct

25. Which of the following best describe the characteristic features of Meiosis? Use the given code.

(a) Daughter cells are genetically similar.

(b) Parts of chromosomes are exchanged in crossing over.

(c) Occurs only in ovaries and testes.

(d) Involves two cell divisions.

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

26. Which of the following features best describe the Gibbon? Use the code given.

(a) They are also called lesser ape.

(b) They have prehensile tails.

(c) Locomotion is in the form of brachiation.

(d) They are natives of Asia only.

Code:

(1) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(4) (b) and (d) are correct

27. Which of the following theories are associated with the origin of caste system in India? Use code.

(a) Varna theory

(b) Occupational theory

(c) Ecological theory

(d) Theory of culture and personality

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

(3) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) (a) and (b) are correct

28. Which of the following anthropologists are considered belonging to New Evolutionary School? Use code.

(a) V.G. Childe

(b) J.J. Bachofen

(c) Julian H. Steward

(d) L.A. White

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (a) and (b) are correct

(4) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

29. Which of the following books have been written / edited by Ruth Benedict? Use code.

(a) Primitive Art

(b) Patterns of culture

(c) The chrysanthemum and the sword

(d) Race, science and politics

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) Only (b) and (c) are correct

(4) Only (a) and (b) are correct

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30. Which of the following concepts have been proposed by L.P. Vidyarthi? Use code.

(a) Nature - Man - Spirit complex

(b) Sacred complex

(c) Westernization

(d) Modernization

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (a) and (b) are correct

(3) (a) and (c) are correct

(4) (c) and (d) are correct

31. Which of the following principles of Rapid Rural Appraisals are agreed upon by its practitioners? Use code.

(a) Optimising trade - offs

(b) Offsetting baises

(c) Triangulating

(d) Formal Questionnaire survey

Code:

(1) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(2) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(3) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) Only (c) and (d) are correct

32. Which of the following authors are related with village studies? Use code.

(a) Oscar Lewis

(b) Mckim Marriott

(c) S.C. Tiwari

(d) William Weiser

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (c) and (d) are correct

(4) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

33. Find the correct answer for the cause of Ice Age. Use code:

(a) Change in solar radiation

(b) Change in earth’s orbit

(c) Change in magnetic polarity of Earth

(d) Change in sea level

Code:

(1) Only (a) and (d) are correct

(2) Only (b) and (c) are correct

(3) Only (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) Only (a), (b) and (c) are correct

34. Which of the following are required for Archaeological Survey. Use code.

(a) Walking

(b) Observation

(c) Digging

(d) Remote sensing

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (a), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(4) (a), (b) and (d) are correct

35. Which of the following traits continued from Indus Valley civilization into later cultures in India? Use code:

(a) Weights and measures

(b) Religious ideas

(c) Pottery making techniques

(d) Iron technology

Code:

(1) (a), (b) and (c) are correct

(2) (b), (c) and (d) are correct

(3) (b), (d) and (a) are correct

(4) (a), (d) and (c) are correct

36. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): For fetal development to occur normally, the process of meiosis needs to be normal. If chromosome strands do not separate during divisions, serious problems can arise.

Reason (R): Trisomies are caused due to non-disjunction.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

37. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): In general, Homo is characterized by a smaller facial skeleton, including smaller teeth and jaws.

Reason (R): The early fossils belonging to the genus Homo were originally placed into a single species, Homo habilis, discovered by Raymond Dart.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

38. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Changing - allele frequencies in a population represent evolutionary change.

Reason (R): Though Hardy - Weinberg Law can be used to estimate the frequency of autosomal recessive alleles in a population, it can not be used for X - linked recessive alleles.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

39. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Genomic methods are being used to compare the similarities and differences in the genomes of Humans, Chimpanzees and Neanderthals.

Reason (R): There is no need of conducting genomic studies on non-human primates as the fossil record provides us a complete catalogue of the major phenotypic changes that have occurred over time.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

40. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Variability is inherent in all populations.

Reason (R): The human species is polymorphic, and natural selection can be seen.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

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41. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Genetic drift, or Founder effect is the random factor in evolution, and it is not a function of population size.

Reason (R): If an allele is rare in a small population it may completely disappear because, just by chance, it is not passed on to the offspring.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

42. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): “Out of Africa” model believes that modern human populations are all derived from a single speciation event that took place in a restricted region within Africa.

Reason (R): The human populations which remained in Africa have the highest degree of genetic diversity, and all populations outside Africa show a high degree of genetic relatedness.

In the context of the above statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

43. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): The forward position of the foramen magnum in the base of the skull can not be used to infer upright posture.

Reason (R): The anatomical evidence for erect posture and bipedalism is mainly found in the post cranial skeleton.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

44. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): In double descent, the members of the group observe some rights, duties, and privileges from father side and some from mother side.

Reason (R): The case of double descent emerges in a society that is in transition from matriarchy to patriarchy.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

45. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Durkheim’s analyses of Arunta totemism reflects his functional viewpoint.

Reason (R): Through totemistic beliefs and practices, Aruntas maintain an equillibrium between the availability of food stuff and survival of the group.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

46. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): According to Claude-Levi Strauss since the making process of all languages is one and the same, therefore, there is structural uniformity in all the languages of the world.

Reason (R): Claude - Levi Strauss’ concept of structural anthropology is absolutely based upon structural linguistics of the Prague school of linguistics.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

47. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Malinowski’s fieldwork in Trobriand Islands is considered to be the longest fieldwork done by any anthropologists till date.

Reason (R): It was a forced stay in the field by Malinowski due to the outbreak of First World War, not any voluntary stay by him.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

48. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): ‘Universalization’ and ‘Parochialization’ are the concepts related with great and little tradition.

Reason (R): When an element of great tradition assumes the form of a little tradition, it is a case of universalization, and when an element of little tradition assumes the form of great tradition, it is called Parochialization.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) are (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) are (R) are wrong

49. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): 19th century evolutionism in anthropology is also referred to as ‘Parallel evolution’.

Reason (R): According to parallel evolutionism, the culture emerges once and once only in favourable circumstances, and then it spreads through diffusion and migration.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

(3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.

(4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.

50. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): A kingdom and a chiefdom both are considered as ‘Stateless societies’.

Reason (R): Characteristics of a state consist of defined territory, defined population, sovereignty, and a government.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

51. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Franz Boas is regarded as a ‘historical particularist’.

Reason (R): Historical particularism refers to development of human culture from savagery through barbarism to civilisation.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

52. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Classification in archaeology depends on the problem being studied.

Reason (R): Tool types represent patterns of separated association of attributes.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

53. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Taphonomy was important for the study of culture at Olduvai Gorge.

Reason (R): There were both Oldowan tools and remains of broken bones and teeth from many different animals at Olduvai Gorge.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is true but (R) is false

(4) (A) is false but (R) is true

54. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): Age structure of animal population is important for analysis of farming practices.

Reason (R): Bones do not offer possibilities for comparison between food supply and animal husbandry.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) (A) is correct, but (R) is wrong

(2) Both (A) and (R) are correct

(3) (A) is wrong, but (R) is correct

(4) Both (A) and (R) are wrong

55. Given below are two statements, one is labelled as Assertion (A) and the other is labelled as Reason (R).

Assertion (A): The speed of decay of unstable radioactive isotope is expressed as half life.

Reason (R): The time taken for half of the total radioactivity to decay takes seconds to millions of years.

In the context of the above two statements which one of the following is correct?

(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A)

(2) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)

(3) (A) is true but (R) is false

(4) (A) is false but (R) is true

56. Identify the correct sequence of the following fossils of our own Genus in the ascending order of their discovery. Use the given code:

(a) Homo naledi

(b) Homo ergaster

(c) Homo habilis

(d) Homo floresiensis

Code:

(1) (b), (c), (a), (d)

(2) (c), (b), (d), (a)

(3) (a), (c), (b), (d)

(4) (b), (a), (c), (d)

57. Identify the correct sequence of the following blood group systems in the ascending order of their discovery. Use the given code:

(a) Bombay blood group

(b) M N Blood group

(c) Rh Blood group

(d) Duffy Blood group

Code:

(1) (a), (c), (d), (b)

(2) (b), (a), (c), (d)

(3) (d), (b), (a),(c)

(4) (b), (c), (d), (a)

58. Identify the correct sequence of the following major landmark advances in the field of genetics.

Use the given code:

(a) One - gene - one - enzyme hypothesis

(b) The concept of linkage

(c) Mutations, and mutation theory

(d) Chromosomal abnormalities first observed

Code:

(1) (c), (b), (d), (a)

(2) (b), (a), (c), (d)

(3) (d), (b), (a), (c)

(4) (a), (d), (b),(c)

59. Genetic counselling is essentially an information giving and communication process. Identify the correct sequence of steps involved from beginning to the end. Use the given code:

(a) Appreciate the way heredity contributes to the disorder and the risk of recurrence;

(b) Understand the medical facts, including the diagnosis, prognosis and the available management;

(c) Choose the course of action, in view of the risk, family goals and their ethical and religious standards;

(d) Understand the alternatives for dealing with the risk of recurrence;

Code:

(1) (d), (c), (a), (b)

(2) (a), (b), (c), (d)

(3) (b), (a), (d), (c)

(4) (c), (a), (b), (d)

60. Identify the correct sequence of the following facial landmarks in the cephalo-caudal order.

Use the given code:

(a) Stomion

(b) Nasion

(c) Gnathion

(d) Trichion

Code:

(1) (b), (d), (a), (c)

(2) (d), (b), (a), (c)

(3) (a), (d), (c), (b)

(4) (a), (c), (b), (d)

61. Epidemiological transition moves forward through the four stages. Identify the correct sequence of these stages. Use the code given:

(a) During this stage, morbidity and mortality are affected by man-made diseases.

(b) The age of pestilence and famine when mortality is high. Poor use of ecological sources.

(c) The age of degenerative diseases, mortality declines and eventually approaches stability.

(d) Population growth is sustained and begins to describe an exponential curve. The average life expectancy at birth increases.

Code:

(1) (a), (c), (d), (b)

(2) (b), (d) ,(a), (c)

(3) (b), (d), (c), (a)

(4) (c), (a), (b), (d)

62. Arrange the sequence in ascending order, as per the years of village studies done by anthropologists:

(1) Village Ghaghra -> Village Senapur -> Village Bisipara -> Village Rampur

(2) Village Senapur -> Village Bisipara -> Village Rampur -> Village Ghaghra

(3) Village Bisipara -> Village Rampur -> Village Senapur -> Village Ghaghra

(4) Village Rampur -> Village Bisipara -> Village Ghaghra -> Village Senapur

63. Arrange the sequence of the books of L.P. Vidyarthi in ascending order, as per the year of publication:

(1) Sacred complex in Hindu Gaya -> Maler: A study in Nature - Man - Spirit complex -> Cultural Configuration of Ranchi District -> Rise of Anthropology in India

(2) Rise of Anthropology in India -> Cultural Configuration of Ranchi District -> Maler: A study in Nature - Man - Spirit complex -> Sacred complex in Hindu Gaya

(3) Sacred complex in Hindu Gaya -> Cultural Configuration of Ranchi District -> Rise of Anthropology in India -> Maler: A study in Nature - Man - Spirit complex

(4) Maler: A study in Nature - Man - Spirit complex -> Rise of Anthropology in India -> Cultural Configuration of Ranchi District -> Sacred complex in Hindu Gaya

64. Arrange the sequence in ascending order the advent of the following religions in India:

(1) Sikhism -> Islam -> Buddhism -> Christianity

(2) Islam -> Sikhism -> Christianity -> Buddhism

(3) Buddhism -> Christianity -> Islam -> Sikhism

(4) Christianity -> Islam -> Buddhism -> Sikhism

65. Arrange the sequence of the following concepts /theories in descending order as per their emergence in anthropology:

(1) Cultural relativism -> Cultural ecology -> Culture pattern -> Cultural materialism

(2) Cultural materialism -> Cultural ecology -> Culture pattern -> Cultural relativism

(3) Cultural ecology -> Cultural materialism -> Culture pattern -> Cultural relativism

(4) Cultural materialism -> Culture pattern -> Cultural ecology -> Cultural relativism

66. Arrange in ascending order the sequence of the following social groups:

(1) Tribe -> Clan -> Family -> Lineage

(2) Clan -> Tribe -> Lineage -> Family

(3) Lineage -> Family -> Clan -> Tribe

(4) Family -> Lineage -> Clan -> Tribe

67. Identify the correct sequence of the development of following anthropological concepts/theories in ascending order:

(1) Culture area approach -> Modal personality -> Neo-evolutionism -> Cultural materialism

(2) Culture area approach -> Neo-evolutionism -> Modal personality -> Cultural materialism

(3) Cultural materialism -> Modal personality -> Neo-evolutionism -> Culture area approach

(4) Modal personality -> Cultural materialism -> Neo-evolutionism -> Culture area approach

68. Identify the correct sequence of the stone Age cultures of Africa in ascending order according to the chronology of their appearance. Use code:

(a) Sangoan

(b) Fauresmith

(c) Stillbay

(d) Wilton

Code:

(1) (a), (b), (c), (d)

(2) (b), (d), (a), (c)

(3) (a), (c), (b), (d)

(4) (d), (a), (c), (b)

69. Identify the correct sequence of the following geological stages in ascending order. Use code:

(a) Neogene

(b) Pleistocene

(c) Holocene

(d) Palaeogene

Code:

(1) (a), (b), (c), (d)

(2) (b), (c), (d), (a)

(3) (d), (a), (b), (c)

(4) (c), (d), (a), (b)

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70. Identify correct sequence of the following cultural features in ascending order as they appeared at Olduvai Gorge. Use code:

(a) Chopper tools

(b) Earliest evidence of fire

(c) Home bases

(d) Earliest acheulian tools

Code:

(1) (d), (b), (c), (a)

(2) (b), (c), (a), (d)

(3) (a), (c), (d), (b)

(4) (c), (d), (b), (a)

71. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Genetic Drift

(b) Genetic Distance

(c) Twin Method

(d) Genetic Load

(i) J.B.S. Haldane

(ii) M. Nei

(iii) Sewall Wright

(iv) Francis Galton

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

(2) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)

(3) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)

(4) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

72. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Excessive mucus production, digestive and respiratory failure

(b) Build up of fatty deposits in brain, blindness, mental impairment

(c) Anemia due to abnormal red blood cells, bone and spleen enlargement

(d) Little or no melanin pigment in skin, hair and eyes

(i) Tay - Sachs disease

(ii) Albinism

(iii) Cystic fibrosis

(iv) Beta thalassemia

Code:

      (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

(4) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

73. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) ‘Partitioned’model of population subdivision

(b) Inbreeding coefficient ‘F’

(c) Genealogical method

(d) Estimating inbreeding from isonomy

(i) J.B.S. Haldane and P.Moslinsky

(ii) James Crow and A.P. Mange

(iii) Sten Wahlund

(iv) Sewall Wright

Code:

     (a) (b)  (c) (d)

(1) (i) (iii) (ii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(3) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

(4) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

74. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Weight (kg)/ height2 (cm)

(b) Ratio of arm length to leg length

(c) Standing height divided by sitting height

(d) Mass (kg)/ height3 (meters)

(i) Cormic index

(ii) Ponderal index

(iii) Quetelet index

(iv) Intermembral index

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(3) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)

(4) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

75. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Proved that fossils are organisms’ remains

(b) Presented the binomial nomenclature of plants and animals

(c) Created the first scientific classification of plants and animals

(d) Founded demography

(i) Carolus Linnaeus

(ii) Robert Hooke

(iii) Thomas Malthus

(iv) John Ray

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(4) (iv) (ii) (iii) (i)

76. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Homo heidelbergensis

(b) Homo erectus

(c) Homo rhodesiensis

(d) Homo habilis

(i) Woodward

(ii) L.S.B. Leakey

(iii) Schoetensack

(iv) Dubois

Code:

      (a)  (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (ii) (iv) (i)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(4) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

77. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Sequencing of entire genome

(b) To develop a haplotype map of the human genome

(c) To record the genetic profile of indigenous populations

(d) To analyse historical patterns in DNA from participants around the world

(i) Human Genome Diversity Project

(ii) Genographic Project

(iii) Human Genome Project

(iv) Hapmap Project

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(3) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

78. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I (Book)

List – II (Authors)

(a) Human Body Measurements

(b) Sports Anthropometry

(c) Human Body Composition

(d) Manual of Biological Anthropology

(i) S.P. Singh & Rajan Gaur

(ii) H.S. Sodhi

(iii) S.P. Singh and Pramila Mehta

(iv) I.P. Singh and M.K. Bhasin

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

(2) (i) (ii) (iv) (iii)

(3) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

(4) (iv) (ii) (i) (iii)

79. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Folk - urban continuum

(b) Universalisation and parochialisation

(c) Tribe - caste continuum

(d) Dominant caste

(i) Mckim Marriott

(ii) F.G. Bailey

(iii) Robert Redfield

(iv) M.N. Srinivas

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

(3) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(4) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

80. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List - I (Sex ratio of Scheduled Tribes  as per Census - 2011)

List - II (States)

(a) 1035

(b) 924

(c) 984

(d) 1020

(i) Jammu and Kashmir

(ii) Madhya Pradesh

(iii) Kerala

(iv) Chhattisgarh

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (iii) (i) (iv)

(3) (i) (iii) (iv) (ii)

(4) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

81. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Social Safeguard

(b) Economic Safeguard

(c) Education and Cultural Safeguard

(d) Political Safeguard

(i) Article 330

(ii) Article 23

(iii) Article 15 (4)

(iv) Article 275

Code:

      (a) (b)  (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (iv) (iii) (i)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(4) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

82. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List – II

(a) Kol Rebellion

(b) Birsa Movement

(c) Zeliangrong Movement

(d) Revolt of the Tamar of Chhotanagpur

(i) 1895

(ii) 1831

(iii) 1789

(iv) 1925 - 47

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(3) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

83. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List - II

(a) Community Development Programme

(b) Tribal sub - plan

(c) Tribal Cooperative Marketing Development Federation of India

(d) Tribal Development Block

(i) Vth Five - Year Plan

(ii) IIIrd Five - Year Plan

(iii) Ist Five - Year Plan

(iv) VIIth Five - Year Plan

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

(3) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(4) (iii) (i) (ii) (iv)

84. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List - II

(a) Claude Levi - Strauss

(b) George Peter Murdock

(c) E.E. Evans - Pritchard

(d) Melville J. Herskovits

(i) Social Structure

(ii) Man and His work

(iii) The Nuer

(iv) The Elementary Structures of Kinship

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iv) (i) (iii) (ii)

(2) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(4) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

85. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

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86. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List – I

List - II

(a) Village Kishangarhi in U.P

(b) Village Bisipara in Orissa

(c) Village Shamirpet in Andhra Pradesh

(d) Village Rampura in Karnataka

(i) F.G. Bailey

(ii) Mckim Marriott

(iii) M.N. Srinivas

(iv) S.C. Dube

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(2) (ii) (i) (iii) (iv)

(3) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

87. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List - I (Books)

List - II (Authors)

(a) Archaeology: An Introduction

(b) An Archaeological Perspective

(c) What Happened in History

(d) Archaeology: A Brief Introduction

(i) L.R. Binford

(ii) V.G. Childe

(iii) Brian M. Fagan

(iv) Kevin Greene

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)

(2) (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)

(3) (i) (iv) (iii) (ii)

(4) (iv) (i) (ii) (iii)

88. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List - I (Theories in Archaeological Anthropology )

List - II (First author to contribute)

(a) Ethnoarchaeology

(b) Settlement archaeology

(c) Landscape archaeology

(d) Action archaeology

(i) Nicole Branton

(ii) Jeremy A. Sabloff

(iii) Gordon Willey

(iv) W. Longacre

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(3) (iv) (iii) (i) (ii)

(4) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

89. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List - I (Archaeologists)

List - II (Sites excavated)

(a) H.D. Sankalia

(b) R.S. Bisht

(c) F.R. Allchin

(d) G.R. Sharma

(i) Mahadaha

(ii) Utnur

(iii) Dholavira

(iv) Nevasa

Code:

     (a) (b) (c)  (d)

(1) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(2) (ii) (i) (iv) (iii)

(3) (iii) (iv) (i) (ii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

90. Match the items in List - I with the items in List - II. Use the code given below:

List - I (Authors)

List - II (Books written)

(a) Mortimer Wheeler

(b) Gregory Possehl

(c) Jonathan Mark Kenoyer

(d) D.P. Agrawal

(i) The Indus Civilization: A Contemporary Perspective

(ii) Indus Civilization: An Interdisciplinary Perspective

(iii) The Indus Civilization: Supplementary Volume to The Cambridge History of India

(iv) Ancient Cities of Indus Valley Civilization

Code:

      (a) (b) (c) (d)

(1) (iii) (i) (iv) (ii)

(2) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv)

(3) (ii) (iv) (i) (iii)

(4) (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)

Read the following text and choose/pick the correct answer of each of the following questions: (Q. No. 91 - 95)

Ever since the Europeans entered into Melanesia, recurrent messianic movements took place in this region of the Pacific ocean. Such movements have been referred to as ‘Cargo Cults’. Peter Worsley has exquisitely described it in his book” The Trumpet shall sound: a study of Cargo Cults in Melanesia.

The specific features of the Cargo Cult were that at any point of time, a shaman would suddenly announce like a messiah, that the doomsday have arrived. Every thing would be inundated underwater and thus destroyed. Therefore, there was no need to accumulate any wealth. The gardens were uprooted and destroyed. All domestic pigs and fawls were killed.

He further declared that after the doomsday there would be a new beginning. In the new set-up, the whitemen would become black, and blacks would become whites. In addition, he also announced that their gods and ancestors would arrive in their land by aeroplane. They would bring enormous ‘Cargo’ i.e., the European goods produced in factories for them. He blamed the whitemen that the Cargo that they gave to them were, in fact, sent by their ancestors from heaven.

The Europeans first thought that it was a rebellion against them, and they tried to suppress them forcefully.

Peter Worsley suggests that Cargo Cults were, in fact, revitalization movements carried on by the Melanesians during their early contact with the Europeans. The Europeans were then technologically most advanced, and the Melanesians were the least in this respect. Cargo Cults is also a manifestation of culture conflict.

As a result, despite being aware of their grass exploitation by the whitemen, the Melanesians could not clash with them. They were aware of the might of the European guns. On the other hand, they had become so used to Europeans goods that they were indispensable for them. Finding no way out, they looked up to their Shaman for panacea.

91. What is Cargo Cult?

(1) a rebellion movement

(2) a revitalization movement

(3) a violent movement

(4) a non-violent movement

92. What did Melanesians mean by Cargo?

(1) a cargo ship

(2) the European goods produced in factories

(3) a cargo plane

(4) the guns and gun-powder of the Europeans

93. Where did Cargo Cult take place?

(1) in Melanesia

(2) in Malaysia

(3) in Indonesia

(4) in Indo-china

94. Whether Cargo Cult is also:

(1) a war of independence by Melanesians against the Europeans

(2) a result of culture contact and manifestation of culture conflict

(3) a freedom movement by the Europeans

(4) a treaty between the Melanesians and Europeans

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95. Who is supposed to bring panacea in Cargo Cult?

(1) The Whitemen

(2) Melanesians

(3) Peter Worsley the author of the book

(4) Melanesian Shamans

Table below depicts the sex ratio among the rural populations of some North Eastern states of India (Census 1991). After carefully going through the table answer Q. Nos. 96 - 100.

State

0 - 14 years

15 - 49 years

49+ years

Arunachal Pradesh

1045.85

975.76

1472.22

Assam

725.19

816.70

967.21

Meghalaya

1045.66

1002.17

1032.97

Mizoram

1064.87

890.95

976.19

Sikkim

1094.87

973.95

792.79

Tripura

1020.30

991.68

1008.00

96. In 0 - 14 years age group which state of the following had the highest sex ratio?

(1) Assam

(2) Sikkim

(3) Meghalaya

(4) Tripura

97. Which of the following states had the lowest sex ratio from 0 to 49 and above age groups?

(1) Arunachal Pradesh

(2) Mizoram

(3) Sikkim

(4) Assam

98. Which of the following states showed the highest increase in sex ratio from one age - cohort to another?

(1) Tripura

(2) Mizoram

(3) Arunachal Pradesh

(4) Assam

99. Which state showed the consistent increase in sex ratio from 0 to 49+ age cohorts taken together?

(1) Mizoram

(2) Assam

(3) Tripura

(4) Sikkim

100. Which state showed the consistent decline in sex ratio across the three major age cohorts?

(1) Tripura

(2) Mizoram

(3) Sikkim

(4) Meghalaya

Answer Key:-

Q. No.

Answer

Q. No.

Answer

1

2

51

1

2

4

52

2

3

2

53

1

4

3

54

1

5

3

55

1

6

4

56

2

7

2

57

4

8

1

58

1

9

4

59

3

10

2

60

2

11

2

61

3

12

2

62

2

13

4

63

1

14

2

64

3

15

3

65

2

16

4

66

4

17

3

67

2

18

2

68

1

19

4

69

3

20

4

70

3

21

3

71

2

22

3

72

1

23

3

73

4

24

4

74

2

25

2

75

1

26

1

76

3

27

4

77

2

D

4

78

1

29

2

79

2

30

2

80

4

31

2

81

1

32

4

82

3

33

4

83

3

34

4

84

1

35

1

85

1

36

2

86

1

37

1

87

4

38

1

88

3

39

1

89

4

40

2

90

1

41

3

91

2

42

2

92

3

43

3

93

1

44

2

94

2

45

1

95

4

46

1

96

2

47

2

97

4

48

1

98

3

49

3

99

2

50

3

100

3

Practice makes the man perfect! The more you will practice, the more accuracy you will gain which will eventually lead you to a high score in the exam. Practice will help you in avoiding silly mistakes and making unnecessary guess works while attempting NTA UGC NET December 2018 Exam. Therefore, practicing previous year papers will help you in achieving accuracy and high score in NTA UGC NET December 2018 Exam.

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