Agricultural Engineering is the branch of engineering which deals with the construction, design, and improvement of farming equipment and machinery.Agricultural engineering integrates technology into farming. For example, it designs new and refined farming equipment that work more efficiently. It designs and builds agricultural infrastructure such as water reservoirs, warehouses, dams, and other structures. It also tries to find solutions for pollution control at large farms. Some agricultural engineers are developing new variety of bio-fuels from non-food resources like algae and agricultural waste. Such fuels could economically and sustainably replace gasoline without risking the food supply.
Eligibility Criteria for Admission in Civil Engineering
The minimum educational requirement for pursuing agriculture engineering is 50 percent marks in 10+ 2 in science stream. For pursuing master degree a student has to complete graduation level course first.
Courses in Agriculture Engineering
There are two courses in Agriculture engineering i.e. at graduate level, B. Tech in Agriculture Engineering and At Master level, M. Tech in Agriculture Engineering.
Agriculture Engineering Entrance Exams
Exams for B. Tech Course in Agriculture Engineering
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) All India Entrance Examination
Common Engineering Entrance Test (Haryana CET)
All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE)
Bharath University Engineering Entrance Examination
Engineering, Agriculture and Medicine Common Entrance Test (EAMCET)
Gujarat Common Entrance Test (GCET)
Institute Of Technology (BHU) Entrance Exam
National Institute of Technology Combined Pre-Entrance Test
Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHCET)
Delhi University Combined Entrance Test
Jammu & Kashmir State Level Entrance Test (SLET)
Punjab University Common Entrance Test (CET)
Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University Engineering, Agriculture and Medicine Common Entrance Test (CET)
Indian Institute Of Technology Joint Entrance Exam
Tamil Nadu Professional Courses Entrance Exam (TNPCEE)
Most Agriculture engineers design and test agricultural equipment, machinery, and parts. They design food processing plants and food storage structures. Some also design housing and environments for livestock. They plan and oversee land reclamation projects on farms. Some are involved in agricultural waste-to-energy projects and carbon sequestration. We have elaborated about the work profiles of agriculture engineers in later part of this article.
Most agricultural engineers (17%) were employed in engineering, architectural, and related services. 16% were employed by the government. Another 14% worked in food manufacturing. 13% worked in agriculture, construction, and mining machinery manufacturing. Another 6% were working as educators.
Agricultural engineers work both indoors and outdoors. They spend time in offices creating plans and managing projects, and in agricultural settings inspecting sites, monitoring equipment, and overseeing reclamation and water management projects.
These engineers may also work in laboratories and classrooms. They may collaborate with others to plan and solve problems. For example, they may work with horticulturalists, agronomists, animal scientists, and geneticists.
Job opportunities for Agriculture Engineers
Agricultural engineers work in various sectors such as farming, forestry, and food processing etc. They work on a wide variety of projects. For example, some agricultural engineers work to develop climate control systems that increase the comfort and productivity of livestock whereas others work to increase the storage capacity and efficiency of refrigeration.
Many agricultural engineers endeavour to develop better solutions for animal waste disposal. Those with computer programming skills work to integrate geospatial systems and artificial intelligence into agriculture. For example, they work to efficiency in fertilizer application or to automate harvesting systems. As now we know, an Agriculture Engineer has many roles to play after completion of his/her course. These roles are given below:
Survey Research Agricultural Engineer
Environmental Controls Engineer
Farm Shop Manager
Agricultural Crop Engineer
Agriculture Engineering Recruiters
An agriculture engineer has many options to choose when it comes to the choosing his/her work area. These industries or companies are given below:
Farming Industry Consultants
Agricultural Commodities Processors
Salary after Agriculture Engineering
After completing agriculture engineering a student gets decent earning opportunities. His first income starts from 4 lakh to 5 lakh per annum.