Current Affairs 05 April 2019 Digest 5: FIFA world football rankings; Mission Hayabusa-2

Story 1: FIFA rankings: Belgium tops, India gets 101st rank

FIFA has released world football rankings on April, 04 2019. India rose two points and gets 101st rank while Belgium tops the list. FIFA said in its report, there were 150 games played across the globe during the international period, things remain tight at the top of the FIFA World Ranking as the top three remained unchanged.

In current FIFA rankings India gained two spots, but couldn’t found a space in top 100. As per latest FIFA rankings India is on 101st position while 18th in the Asia.

Major Highlights

  • Belgium (1st, unchanged) maintained a slender lead over 2018 FIFA World Cup winners France (2nd, unchanged). Brazil (3rd, unchanged), however, are looking over their shoulders somewhat as England (4th, up 1) leapfrogged World Cup finalists Croatia (5th, down 1).
  • Iran (21st) remained at the top of Asian ranking while Japan (26), South Korea (37), Australia (41) and Qatar (55) are other achievers.
  • Belgium bags 1737 points, ahead of France (1734), Brazil (1676), England (1647) and Croatia (1621).
  • Uruguay (6th, up 1) is the only other mover within the top ten, whereas a dramatic win for Germany (13th, up 3) was witnessed. Netherlands (16th, down 2), as well as Sweden (14th, unchanged) and Chile (15th, down 2) lost few points.
  • Israel (84th, up 8) enjoyed the biggest jump of all, followed closely by Guatemala (143rd, up 6) and Tanzania (131st, up 6).
  • Congo DR (46th, up 5) and Ghana (49th, up 3), were the only two sides to breach the top 50, while Kosovo (127th, plus 3) continued their steady climb up the FIFA World Ranking.

Top-10 FIFA Rankings

Rank

Country

Points

1.

Belgium

1737

2.

France

1734

3.

Brazil

1676

4.

England

1647

5.

Croatia

1621

6.

Uruguay

1613

7.

Portugal

1607

8.

Switzerland

1604

9.

Spain

1601

10.

Denmark

1586

About FIFA

The Fédération Internationale de Football Association (FIFA) is an association governed by Swiss law founded in 1904 and based in Zurich. It has 211 member associations and its goal, enshrined in its Statutes, is the constant improvement of football.  Member countries must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Asia, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America.

 

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Story 2: Hayabusa-2 successfully drops explosive on asteroid

Japan's spacecraft Hayabusa-2 recently dropped an explosive on an asteroid to make a crater. It’s aim was to make a crater on asteroid. Also, this spacecraft will collect its underground samples to find possible clues to the origin of the solar system.

Japanese space agency released the information that crater mission was the riskiest for Hayabusa2, as it had to immediately get away so it won't get hit by flying shards from the blast.

Major Highlights


  • The Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency JAXA said that Hayabusa-2 dropped a "small carry-on impactor" made of copper onto the asteroid.
  • Data confirmed the spacecraft safely evacuated and remained intact. JAXA is analyzing data to examine if or how intense was the impact.
  • The copper explosive is the size of a baseball weighing 2 kilograms (4.4 pounds).
  • It was designed to come out of a cone-shaped piece of equipment.
  • A copper plate on its bottom was to turn into a ball during its descent and slam into the asteroid at 2 kilometers (1.2 miles) per second.
  • JAXA plans to send Hayabusa2 back to the site later, when the dust and debris settle, for observations from above and to collect samples from underground that have not been exposed to the sun or space rays.
  • Scientists hope the samples will be crucial to determine the history of the asteroid and our planet.
  • If successful, it would be the first time for a spacecraft to take such materials. In a 2005 "deep impact" mission to a comet, NASA observed fragments after blasting the surface but did not collect them.

Mission Hayabusa-2

  • Hayabusa-2 is an asteroid sample-return mission operated by the Japanese space agency, JAXA.
  • It follows on from Hayabusa mission which returned asteroid samples in 2010.
  • Hayabusa-2 was launched on 3 December 2014 and rendezvoused with near-Earth asteroid Ryugu on 27 June 2018.
  • It is in the process of surveying the asteroid for a year and a half, departing in December 2019, and returning to Earth in December 2020.
  • Hayabusa-2 successfully touched down on a tiny flat surface on the boulder-rich asteroid in February, when the spacecraft also collected some surface dust and small debris.
  • The craft is scheduled to leave the asteroid at the end of 2019 and bring surface fragments and underground samples back to Earth in late 2020.
  • The asteroid, named Ryugu after an undersea palace in a Japanese folktale, is about 300 million kilometers (180 million miles) from Earth.

 

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