Current Affairs in Short: 1 August 2019

Rural India set to become ODF by 2nd October
• Rural India is set to become Open Defecation Free (ODF) by October 2, 2019 with the successful implementation of Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (Rural).
• More than 9.6 crore toilets have been built since October 2, 2014 under the Narendra Modi-led government. Besides this, more than 5.6 lakh villages have become open defecation free.
• According to Economic Survey 2018-19, over 9.5 crore toilets have been built all over the country and 564,658 villages have been declared open-defecation free (ODF).
• Besides this, more than 5.6 lakh villages have become open defecation free. Overall, through Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin, 99.2 per cent of rural India has been covered in the last four years.

SC transfers all five Unnao cases to Delhi, orders Rs 25 lakh compensation
• The Supreme Court on August 1, 2019 directed the transfer of all five cases registered in connection to the Unnao rape incident from Uttar Pradesh court to Delhi court.
• The SC bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi directed the Uttar Pradesh government to provide Rs 25 lakh to the rape survivor as an interim compensation.
• The apex court bench also directed the CBI to complete the investigation of the fifth case relating to the accident in which the woman and her lawyer have been critically injured within 7 days. The bench stated that the CBI can only seek time extension in the probe under exceptional circumstances.
• The court, however, did not pass an order on airlifting of the rape victim and her lawyer from King George Medical College Hospital to AIIMS, New Delhi. The SC said that it will pass the order in this regard after receiving instruction from their family members.

Unnao rape accused MLA Kuldeep Singh Sengar expelled by BJP
• The ruling BJP government expelled Unnao rape accused MLA Kuldeep Sengar on August 1, 2019. Kuldeep Sengar, a BJP MLA in Uttar Pradesh, was accused of raping a minor girl from Unnao.
• The action comes days after the rape victim was critically injured and her aunty and mother died in a road accident near Raibareli on 28 July. The family alleged that the accident to be an attempt to kill her.
• Three police personnel, including two women cops, who were appointed for the security of the Unnao rape survivor, have been suspended in connection with her road accident.
• The BJP had suspended Kuldeep Sengar earlier after the case emerged, however, no other stringent action was taken against him then.

UNSC to meet on N Korea missile tests
• The United Nations Security Council is scheduled to meet on August 1, 2019 to discuss the recent ballistic missiles tests by North Korea. The missile tests were the second such tests conducted in a matter of a week.
• European nations- Britain, France and Germany had requested the discussion amid growing concern that North Korea is developing long-range weapons in violation of UNSC resolutions.
• According to South Korea, North Korea fired two ballistic missiles on July 31, days after a similar launch. The North Korea had described the earlier tests as a warning to the South over its joint military drills with the US.
• Under UNSC resolution, North Korea is banned from test launching ballistic missiles.

RN Ravi sworn in as Nagaland Governor
• RN Ravi was sworn in as the new Governor of Nagaland on August 1, 2019 at a function at Raj Bhawan in Nagaland’s capital city Kohima.
• Ravi was administered the oath of the office and secrecy by Acting Chief Justice of Gauhati High Court, Arup Kumar Goswami in the presence of Nagaland CM Neiphiu Rio.
• The 67-year-old had previously served as a former Intelligence Bureau officer and an interlocutor for the Naga peace talks.

Lok Sabha to become paperless from next session
• Lok Sabha is expected to become paperless from the next session. The announcement was made by Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla. The move is expected to save crores worth of rupees to the exchequer.
• Besides this, the LS Speaker stated that various new initiatives will be taken to improve the functioning of the house.
• The Speaker also assured the House that if any member needed paper he or she will be provided with the same.

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