Global Hunger Index 2019: India at 102 out of 117 countries, falls behind Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan
Global Hunger Index 2019 Report: India ranked 102 out of 117 countries in the Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019 that is placed at much below to its South Asian neighbours such as Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan. The GHI report pointed out that "India is suffering from a serious hunger problem". The Global Hunger Index measures countries on a 100 points scale, where a score of 0 (zero) is considered as best performing countries and 100 is the worst.
The Global Hunger Index report, prepared and published jointly by Irish aid agency Concern Worldwide and German organization Welt Hunger Hilfewas, calculated on the basis of four indicators that are - child mortality, undernourishment, child wasting (weight for age) and child stunting. The major focus of the index was on the relation between climate change and hunger. The report also explains the impact of extreme weather on food production and food security.
India's performance over the Years since 2014:
India Specific Findings in GHI 2019
• India ranked below Pakistan (94), Bangladesh (88), Nepal (73) and Sri Lanka (66) among other South Asian countries.
• As per the report prepared by Welt Hunger Life, India is one of the 45 countries where hunger causes serious crisis.
• In India, only 9.6% of all children between 6 to 23 months of age are given a minimum acceptable diet.
• As per the report, the child wasting rate is the highest (20.8%) in the world while the child stunting rate is 37.9% in India.
• India scores 30.3 on the list and indicates that the level of hunger is serious in the country.
• GHI highlights that the country has improved in some indicators such as under-5 mortality rates and prevalence of undernourishment owing to inadequate food.
• The report highlights that the climate crisis is bringing alarming levels of hunger in the world.
• Some countries that are facing alarming situation are – Yemen, Chad, Madagascar and Zambia.
• However, there are nine countries that are categorized in a worse situation. These countries are – the Central African Republic, Yemen, Malaysia, Madagascar, Venezuela, Lebanon, Mauritania, Jordan and Oman.
• The report found that 785 million people were suffering from hunger while 822 million people were found affected with hunger in 2018.
• GHI highlights that among the 117 countries ranked, 47 countries are in ‘serious’ and ‘alarming’ hunger levels and one in ‘critically alarming’.
How GHI scores calculated?
Global Hunger Index 2019 was prepared under four indicators, Child Mortality, Child Wasting, Child Stunting and Undernourishment. Each indicator was given a standardized score on a 100-point scale. After that, scores were calculated with all three dimensions of the GHI’s panel.