Government to set up national registry of crimes against women
The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) is in the process of creating a national registry of crimes against women.
The announcement was made by the NCRB Chief Ish Kumar on May 21, 2018 at a seminar organised by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) in New Delhi.
The move comes when there is a growing concern over incidents of sexual assaults.
• The records will be sourced from the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network and Systems (CCTNS).
• The Crime Bureau is in the process of hiring an agency to prepare the whole database.
• The move comes against the backdrop of an around three-per cent increase in crimes against women and a 12-per cent rise in incidents of rape in 2016 as compared to 2015.
• The NCRB functions under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.
• In 2015, as many as 34,651 cases of rape were registered. The number increased to 38,947 in 2016.
• Overall crimes against women rose from 3,29,243 in 2015 to 3,38,954 in 2016, as per NCRB data.
• A majority of cases, almost 33 per cent, categorised as crimes against women were reported under "cruelty by husband or his relatives", another 25 per cent under "assault on woman with intent to outrage her modesty", 19 per cent under "kidnapping and abduction of women" and 11.5 per cent under "rape".
• According to NCRB data, the highest number of rapes were reported from Madhya Pradesh (4,882), followed by Uttar Pradesh (4,816) and Maharashtra (4,189) in 2016.
About National Crime Records Bureau
• The crime bureau was set up in 1986 to function as a repository of information on crime and criminals, in order to assist investigators in linking crime to the perpetrators.
• It was set up based on the recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-1981) and the MHA’s task force (1985), by merging the Directorate of Coordination and Police Computer (DCPC), Inter State Criminals Data Branch of CBI, Central Finger Print Bureau of CBI and Statistical Branch of Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D).
• The NCRB developed Crime Criminal Information System (CCIS) in 1995, Common Integrated Police Application (CIPA) in 2004 and Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & System (CCTNS) in 2009.
• The CCTNS connects approximately 15000 police stations and 6000 higher offices in the country.
• The NCRB also compiles and publishes National Crime Statistics, which includes crime in India, accidental deaths and suicides and prison statistics.