International Poverty Eradication Day 2019: Everything you should know

International Poverty Eradication Day is observed across the world on 17 October every year. The main objective of this day is to raise awareness about the efforts being made to eradicate poverty in the world community.

This day emphasizes the effort to bring people out of poverty through an active partnership with the people living in poverty. Also, efforts are made to ensure a respectful life for them. This year’s theme for the day is - Acting together to empower children, their families and communities to end poverty.

About Theme

This year UN’s Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) has completed its 30 years of adoption. United Nations believe that when poverty hits a child, it leads to lower-income and poor health in adulthood. Everyone should take a step to eradicate poverty so that we can get a brighter and healthier future. United Nations also recommends that it is an opportunity to recognize the efforts and struggles of people living in poverty. It is also an opportunity for them to make their concerns heard.

United Nations Secretary-General issued a statement on the occasion of the International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2019, held on October 17, and appealed all the member states to enhance the development of science and technology for poverty eradication.

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Significance for India

The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal states that people are forced to live in poverty, not due to any specific choice, but because of multiple reasons. Therefore, not only monetary reasons are the major cause of poverty but food, home, land, health etc. play a pivotal role in determining poverty. The major reasons for poverty in India are increasing population, issues in agriculture, corruption, conservative thinking, casteism, the financial gap among rich and poor, unemployment, illiteracy, diseases among others.

Indian economy is based on its agriculture. A large number of people are depending on agriculture for their income. However, hundreds of farmers are going through tough times as they have to face poverty like situation. People have to face a shortage of food due to poor agriculture and unemployment. This is the main reason for inflation and poverty.

Background

United Nations announced on 22 December 1992 that International Day for the Eradication of Poverty will be celebrated on 17 October every year. On this day, efforts, events and various programmes and schemes are launched by governments for the eradication of poverty. The day was first celebrated in France in 1987, in which around one lakh people demonstrated for human rights. This movement was started by Joseph Wrenski, the founder of ATD Fourth World.

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