Pneumonia may kill over 17 lakh children in India by 2030: Study

More than 17 lakh children in India are likely to die of pneumonia by 2030, despite the infection being easily curable, as per a global study released by UK-based NGO 'Save the Children'.

The study was released on the occasion of the World Pneumonia Day on November 12, 2018. The study found that the infectious disease is likely to kill over one crore children under five by 2030.

Key Highlights

According to the report, Nigeria, India, Pakistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) are likely to bear the highest burden of deaths.

The report shows that more than 40 lakhs of these deaths, over a third, could be easily averted with concerted action to improve rates of vaccination, treatment and nutrition.

The agency's forecasts are based on a model developed by researchers at Johns Hopkins University in the US called the Lives Saved Tool (LiST).

The forecasts show that nearly 10,865,728 children will die by 2030 on current trends, with the highest burden of deaths in Nigeria (1,730,000), India (1,710,000), Pakistan (706,000), and the Democratic Republic of Congo (635,000).

However, it also shows that scaling up vaccination coverage to 90 per cent of children under the age of five could save 610,000 lives, providing cheap antibiotics could save 1.9 million and ensuring children have good nutrition could save 2.5 million lives.

The model suggests that if all three overlapping interventions were carried out by 2030, a total of 4.1 million deaths could be averted.

Background

The year 2030 is the target date for the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which includes an ambitious global pledge to 'end preventable child deaths' and achieve Universal Health Coverage.

Pneumonia is the biggest infectious killer for children globally, killing more than malaria, diarrhoea and measles combined.

As many 880,000 children, mostly under the age of two, died from the disease in 2016.

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