President Ram Nath Kovind launches countrywide Pulse Polio Programme 2019
President Ram Nath Kovind on March 9, 2019 launched the Pulse Polio programme 2019 by administering polio drops to children less than five years old at the Rahstrapati Bhawan.
The President administered the polio drops on the eve of the National Immunisation Day that is observed on 10 March every year.
More than 17 crore children of less than five years across the country will be given polio drops as part of the Pulse Polio Programme 2019 to sustain polio eradication from the country.
Initiatives launched by Government to protect children from diseases
• The Government has also launched the Universal Immunisation Programme to protect children from more diseases and introduced several new vaccines like Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine, Rotavirus vaccine, and Measles-Rubella vaccine.
• To provide additional protection to children, the Government introduced the injectable 'Inactivated Polio Vaccine' into its routine immunisation program.
• Along with the Universal Immunisation Programme of the country, the government also launched the Mission Indradhanush to accelerate goal to achieve more than 90 percent full immunisation coverage.
• More than 3.39 crore children and 87 lakh pregnant women have been vaccinated through Mission Indradhanush drives.
• The immunisation programme contributed significantly to the decline of Infant Mortality Rate from 39 in 2014 to 32 in 2017 per 1000 live births.
About Pulse Polio Immunization (PPI) Program
• The Pulse Polio Immunisation (PPI) Program was initiated in India in 1995 with the aim of eradicating polio completely from the country.
• The program was launched under the World Health Organization's (WHO) Global Polio Eradication Initiative.
• Under this program, every child below five years in age is given two doses of Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV), in the month of January and December every year and it needs to be continued till Polio is eradicated completely.
• It aims to reach unreached children through improved social mobilization, plan mop-up operations in areas where poliovirus has almost disappeared and maintain high level of morale among the public.