Top 5 Current Affairs: 20 April 2018
Swaziland King changes his country's name to Kingdom of eSwatini
Swaziland’s King Mswati III, Africa’s last absolute monarch, on April 19, 2018 officially changed the name of his country to the ‘Kingdom of eSwatini’.
Accordingly, the country, a member of the Commonwealth, will now be known by its historic name of eSwatini, a Swazi language name that stands for ‘place of the Swazi’. The announcement was made during the Golden Jubilee celebrations of the King’s 50th birthday as well as the 50th anniversary of Swazi’s independence from British colonial rule.
19 crore Indian adults do not have bank accounts: Global Findex Report 2017
The World Bank on April 19, 2018 released the Global Findex Report 2017 stating that though Financial Inclusion is on the rise globally, gaps still remain there across the countries. Men still are ahead of women to have an account in a bank.
India witnessed a great jump in the account ownership during 2014-2017 as 80 percent Indians own a bank account today; there were only 35 percent bank account holders in 2011. Despite having a relatively high account ownership, India claims a large share of the global unbanked population, after China. Over 190 million Indian adults still do not have a bank account.
Jim Bridenstine confirmed as NASA Chief
The US Senate on April 20, 2018 confirmed the appointment of Jim Bridenstine as the Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the US space agency. The Senate voted 50-49 in favour of Bridenstine.
He was nominated for the post by US President Donald Trump. With this, Bridenstine became the 13th Chief of NASA. Bridenstine will be taking over the position after almost over 12 months gap since the former Administrator Charles Bolden resigned in January 2017. Since then, Robert M Lightfoot has been leading the space agency as the interim Administrator of NASA.
Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit kicks off
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) began at the Buckingham Palace in London, the United Kingdom on April 19, 2018.
The two-day summit, formally inaugurated by Queen Elizabeth II, saw in attendance 53 heads of Government including Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The event will be held in London and Windsor. The main aim of the meeting is to build on the strengths of the Commonwealth nations, address shared global challenges including environmental ones and agree on actions on how to create a better future for all.
Facebook to roll out new privacy choices
Social media giant Facebook announced on April 18, 2018 that it would be rolling out new privacy choices in compliance with EU rules. The changes will be first seen by European residents.
The social network will start implementing the new privacy measures to comply with the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which become effective from May 25. Under the new policy, Facebook users will be asked to review and make choices about the advertisements they receive, including whether they want Facebook to use data from third parties or not.