Top 5 Current Affairs: 3 May 2018
World’s most polluted cities list of WHO: Indian Government claims pollution dipped in 2017
As per the data released by the World Health Organisation (WHO), 14 Indian cities figure in a list of world's 20 most polluted cities in terms of particulate matter PM2.5 levels in 2016.
To the contrary, Indian Government claimed that various measures have led to decline in the pollution levels in 2017. As per the data released by WHO, Delhi’s PM2.5 level in 2016 was at 143 microgrammes/cubic metre, making it the sixth most polluted city in the world. However, as per India’s Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data, Delhi’s PM2.5 level was 134 microgrammes/cubic metre in 2016 and 125 microgrammes/cubic metre in 2017, showing an improvement.
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana approved beyond 12th Five Year Plan
The Union Cabinet on May 2, 2018 approved the continuation of Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY) beyond the 12th Five Year Plan for a period of three year from 2017-18 to 2019-20 with the financial outlay of Rs 14832 crores.
The Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana was initially approved in March 2006 with an aim to correct the imbalances in the availability of affordable healthcare facilities across the country and augmenting facilities for quality medical education in the under-served States, in particular.
Cambridge Analytica to shut down after Facebook data breach scandal
Cambridge Analytica, the UK-based data analytics company that was caught in a massive data-harvesting scandal has announced that it would immediately shut its operations, as the controversy has driven away virtually all of its customers.
The move comes just two months after the scandal broke out, in which it was revealed that the data analytics company had illegally harvested data of over 87 million Facebook users and used it to manipulate voter behavior in the 2016 US Presidential elections. The scandal led Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg to issue a public apology, as it raised questions on the social media giant’s privacy policies.
World Press Freedom Day 2018 observed across the world
The World Press Freedom Day was observed across the world on May 3, 2018 with an aim to celebrate the fundamental principles of press freedom, defend the media from attacks and pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives while being on duty.
The theme of 2018 World Press Freedom Day - ‘Keeping Power in Check: Media, Justice and The Rule of Law’, highlights the importance of an empowering legal environment for press freedom and focuses on the role of an independent judiciary in ensuring legal security for press freedom and the prosecution of crimes against journalists.
NASA’s Kilopower Reactor could power missions to Mars
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) on May 2, 2018 jointly demonstrated that the Kilopower portable nuclear fission reactor could enable crewed missions to the Moon, Mars and destinations beyond.
The Kilopower Reactor Using Stirling Technology (KRUSTY) experiment was conducted at the NNSA’s Nevada National Security Site from November 2017 through March 2018. The team successfully established that the system can create electricity with fission power.