Top 5 Current Affairs: 6 August 2018
Article 35A of the Indian Constitution: What is the Controversy?
The Article 35A of the Indian Constitution was in news recently as the Supreme Court on August 6, 2018 adjourned the hearing on pleas challenging Constitutional validity of Article 35A pertaining to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).
The Article 35A was added to the Indian Constitution (Appendix II) through a Presidential Order -The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954. The order was issued by the then President Rajendra Prasad on May 14, 1954 in exercise of the powers conferred by clause (1) of Article 370.
Sunita Williams, 8 other astronauts named by NASA for first manned US space launch since 2011
The US space agency NASA on August 3, 2018 introduced to the world the crew of nine astronauts who will fly on American-made spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) from the US soil for the first time since the space shuttle’s retirement in 2011.
The astronauts will be carried from American soil onboard spacecraft developed by entrepreneur Elon Musk's SpaceX and Boeing Co to the ISS, beginning in 2019. These astronauts will first crew the test flights and then the missions involving both Boeing's CST-100 Starliner and SpaceX's Crew Dragon spacecraft.
UP's Mughalsarai Junction renamed as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction
The iconic Mughalsarai Railway Junction of Uttar Pradesh was on August 5, 2018 renamed as Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Junction Railway station. The Mughalsarai station got a new name after Uttar Pradesh Governor Ram Naik gave his assent to the proposal in June 2018 following the in-principle approval by the Union Government in 2017 to the state government’s proposal.
RSS ideologue Deen Dayal Upadhyaya was found dead in mysterious circumstances near the Mughalsarai station in February 1968. Mughalsarai is also the birthplace of former prime minister Lal Bahadur Shastri.
GST Council forms Sub-committee on MSMEs to consider tax relief for small businesses
The Goods and Services Tax Council on August 4, 2018 formed a Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Minister of State for Finance Shiv Pratap Shukla to address various issues faced by small businesses.
The group will examine all the proposals regarding tax relief for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) and make recommendations to the Council. The group will submit its report in the next six weeks. Interim Finance Minister Piyush Goyal stated that the issues related to law will be taken up by the Law Committee and those related to the GST rates will be taken up by the Fitment Committee.
Startup India launches Academia Alliance Programme
Startup India has launched the Startup Academia Alliance programme, which is a unique mentorship opportunity between academic scholars and startups working in similar domains, to fulfill the Indian Government’s mission to promote the spirit of entrepreneurship in the country.
The Startup Academia Alliance aims to reduce the gap between scientific research and its industrial applications in order to increase the efficacy of these technologies and widen their impact.