Cabinet approves submission of India's Second Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC

Dec 29, 2018 08:40 IST
Cabinet approves submission of India's Second Biennial Update Report to UNFCCC

The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved Submission of India's second Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) towards the fulfilment of the reporting obligation under the Convention.

India's Biennial Update Report: Key Features

The second biennial update report aims to provide an update to India's first biennial report to the United Nation’s body on climate change.

The report contains five major components including national circumstances, national greenhouse gas inventory, mitigation actions, finance, technology and capacity building needs and support received and domestic monitoring, reporting and verification arrangements.

The report has been prepared based on a range of studies conducted at the national level. It has undergone a multitier review process, through peer review, review by Technical Advisory Committee of Experts chaired by Additional Secretary (Climate Change) and by National Steering Committee chaired by Secretary.

The biennial report was finalised after addressing all the relevant comments and modifications as per the multi-tier review process.

Report Findings

  • In 2014, a total of 26, 07,488 Gigagram (Gg) CC-2 equivalent of Green House Gases (GHG) were emitted from all activities (excluding LULUCF) in India.
  • The net national GHG emissions after including LULUCF were 23, 06,295 Gg COa equivalent.
  • Out of the total emissions, energy sector accounted for 73 per cent, IPPU 8 per cent, agriculture 16 per cent and waste sector 3 per cent.
  • About 12 per cent of the emissions were offset by the carbon sink action of forestland, cropland and settlements.

A summary of India's national GHG inventory of 2014 is provided in the table below:



CO2 equivalent (Gg)






Industrial Process and Product Use












Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF)**













The submission of India's second BUR will fulfil the obligation of India to furnish information regarding implementation of the Convention, being a Party.


India is a Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The Convention, in accordance with its Article 4.1 and 12.1, enjoins upon all Parties, both developed country parties and developing country parties to furnish information, in the form of a national communication regarding the implementation of the convention.

The Conference of Parties to the UNFCCC in its sixteenth session decided that developing countries, consistent with their capabilities and the level of support provided for reporting, should also submit biennial update reports containing updates of national greenhouse gas inventories and information on mitigation actions, needs and support received.

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