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Current Affairs 10 April 2019 Digest 2: Jurisdiction no bar in dowry harassment case: SC; Indo-Singapore military exercise begins

The Supreme Court ruled that a woman can now file a case of dowry harassment against her husband and in-laws from the place she has taken shelter under Section 498 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). The opening ceremony of the 12th Indo-Singapore bilateral military exercise, 'Bold Kurukshetra 2019' was held at Babina Military Station, Jhansi.

 

Apr 10, 2019 10:45 IST
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Supreme Court

Story 1: Woman can file dowry harassment case from place she has taken shelter: SC

The Supreme Court on April 9, 2019 ruled that a woman, who fled her marital or matrimonial home due to cruelty of dowry harassment, can file a case of dowry harassment against her husband and in-laws from the place she has taken shelter under Section 498 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

The bench led by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi relaxed Section 177 of the Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC), which mandates that criminal cases can be filed and tried only in courts within whose jurisdiction the crime occurred.

Supreme Court’s take on Allahabad High Court’s judgement

The judgment came on an appeal made by Rupali Devi of Uttar Pradesh. Devi filed a dowry harassment complained from her parents’ place of residence where she had fled to; however, the complaint was dismissed by the Allahabad High Court.

The High Court ruled that cruelty punishable under Section 498A of the IPC was not a “continuing offence”, nor can it be investigated or punished outside the jurisdiction where the crime occurred.

In a response to high court’s judgement, the apex court ruled that the horrifying memories of the marital home would continue to haunt her, amounting to continuing cruelty. Furthermore, cruelty under Section 498A of the IPC is a “continuing offence”.

Significance

Hence, from now on, the place of shelter will also have territorial jurisdiction for filing matrimonial cases besides the place where a woman was living before and after marriage.

The verdict came as a big relief to women fighting dowry harassment cases outside the jurisdiction of their matrimonial home as until now their cases could only be heard by courts that fell within the jurisdiction of their matrimonial home.

Story 2: India, Singapore joint military exercise begins

India, Singapore joint military exercise, ‘Bold Kurukshetra 2019’ began on April 8, 2019 at Babina Cantonment, Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh. This is the 12th edition of the exercise.

The three-day exercise is being conducted to develop military technology, boost maritime security and bolster the nations’ fight against terrorism.

The exercise began after a colourful inaugural ceremony. The military forces of India and Singapore got together to participate in a joint exercise

The Indian contingent was led by Colonel SP Singh and Singapore contingent was led by Lieutenant Colonel Tong Chong Kiat.

Objective

The Exercise is aimed at attaining a high level of interoperability between the armies of both the nations through mutual understanding and familiarisation with each other’s operational procedures and equipment.

Background

India and Singapore had signed a cooperation agreement in November 2017 to strengthen the defence ties between Indian Military and Singapore Armed Forces. As per the agreement, the Singapore military would undergo training and participate in firing exercise with Indian counterpart.