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GOBAR-DHAN Scheme launched under Swachh Bharat Mission to promote wealth and energy from waste

May 2, 2018 09:18 IST
    GOBAR-DHAN Scheme launched; Image Credits: http://pmjandhanyojana.co.in
    GOBAR-DHAN Scheme launched; Image Credits: http://pmjandhanyojana.co.in

    Union Minister for Drinking Water and Sanitation, Uma Bharti, on April 30, 2018 launched the GOBAR - DHAN (Galvanising Organic Bio-Agro Resources Fund) Scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Auditorium, Karnal.

    On the same occasion, the guidelines of GOBAR-DHAN scheme were also launched, detailing about the implementation arrangements, financing provisions and roles and responsibilities of the Centre, State governments, districts and other stakeholders involved in implementation of the scheme.

    The launch was attended by sarpanches from the project villages, implementing agencies, officers from 14 states and district officers.

    GOBAR-DHAN Scheme

    • Under GOBAR-DHAN scheme, solid waste of dung and fields will be changed into compost and fuels such as biogas and bio-CNG.

    • The cooking gas will be provided to the rural habitations with optimum technical support to ensure that the schemes functions on a sustainable basis.

    • The government has selected over 115 districts for implementation of the scheme.

    • Under the scheme, farmers will be able to make use of easily available Compost fertilizer for their farm lands.

    • As part of the scheme, people will be educated about the utilisation of cattle dung for converting it into more valuable fuel, biogas and manure.

    Impact

    • The scheme will boost village cleanliness and generate wealth and energy from cattle and organic wastes.

    • It will create new rural livelihood opportunities and enhance income for farmers and other rural people.

    • It will help in saving electricity and environment too.

    The GOBAR-DHAN Scheme was announced by Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his 2018-19 Budget Speech.

    How GOBAR-DHAN Scheme will impact the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)?

    • The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) comprises two main components for creating clean villages – creating Open Defecation Free (ODF) villages and managing solid and liquid waste in villages.

    • As over 3.5 lakh villages, 374 districts and 16 States and UTs have already been declared ODF; the next move is for ODF-plus activities such as measures to enhance the solid and liquid waste management.

    • The GOBAR-DHAN scheme comes as a savior at this point, with its focus on keeping villages clean and generating energy from cattle waste, which is just a part of this ODF-plus strategy.

    • The scheme envisages the implementation of 700 bio-gas units in different states of the country in the year 2018-19.

    Initiatives Taken under Swachh Bharat Mission  (From October 2014 to April 2018)

    Number of villages/Districts/States/UTs

    Household Toilets Built

    7,08,53,159

    Open Defecation Free (ODF) Villages

    3,55,838

    Open Defecation Free villages in Namami Gange

    4,465

    Open Defecation Free Districts

    380

    Open Defecation Free States and UTs

    16

    About Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin)

     Swachh Bharat Mission

    Swachh Bharat Mission

    • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on October 2, 2014 to accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation.

    • The Secretary of Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) was assigned as the Mission Coordinator with two Sub-Missions – the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).

    • Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) seeks to motivate communities and Panchayati Raj Institutions to adopt sustainable sanitation practices through awareness creation and health education.

    • It also calls for developing managed sanitation systems with focus on scientific solid & liquid waste management systems for overall cleanliness in the rural areas.

    • The Mission aims to achieve a Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 150th birth anniversary.

     

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