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Mega Bank Merger: Key Figures, Motive, Impact, Significance & all you need to know - Explained

Merger of Big Banks: 10 mega banks merged into 4 PSBs. India will now have 12 Public Sector Banks from 27 Public Sector Banks in 2017. Know the key facts & figures, the objective behind the merger, its impact and significance here. 

Aug 30, 2019 18:46 IST
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Merger of Banks

Mega Bank Merger: Union Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announces the merger of ten big public sector banks (PSBs) into four. The banks which are being merged are Punjab National Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, United Bank of India, Indian Bank, Allahabad Bank, Canara Bank, Syndicate Bank, Union Bank of India, Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank. India will now have 12 Public Sector Banks from 27 in 2017. The merger of banks was announced under the Bank Consolidation plan among other major initiatives and steps to accelerate the economic growth of India. 

While addressing a press conference, FM Sitharaman mentioned that only six banks showcased profitability in the 4th Quarter of 2018-19. However, in Quarter 1 of 2019, 14 PSBs showcased growth and profit. In order to boost the national presence of banks along with their global reach, the amalgamation of banks was necessitated. This is not the first time that the Government is merging the banks together. Earlier, under the Banks Consolidation plan itself, the Government had merged all the entities of State Bank of India into one and merged Bank of Baroda, Dena Bank and Vijaya Bank as one single entity. The merger of these banks is aimed at making India a USD 5 trillion economy.

Banks to be merged together are:

- Punjab National Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, United Bank of India will be merged as one

- Canara Bank & Syndicate Bank

- Union Bank of India, Andhra Bank and Corporation Bank

- Indian Bank & Allahabad Bank

The Government targets USD 5 trillion economy through these bank reforms and consolidation. The Government would infuse Rs 55,250 Crore of capital in these 10 big banks for their credit growth and regulatory compliance to boost the economy. Apart from these merged banks, two public sector banks will continue to work as an independent body to strengthen national presence. These banks are Bank of India and Central Bank of India. Four regional banks will also continue to work independently to strengthen the regional focus. These are: Indian Overseas Bank, UCO Bank, Bank of Maharashtra and Punjab & Sind Bank

Details of Amalgamation of 10 Banks into 4 NextGen PSBs

Head/Anchor Bank

Merged banks

Business Size

(Rupees)

PSB Size

Punjab National Bank

Punjab National Bank

Oriental Bank of Commerce

United Bank of India

17.94 Lakh crore

2nd largest Bank

Canara Bank

Canara Bank

Syndicate Bank

15.20 Lakh crore

4th largest Bank

Union Bank of India

Union Bank of India

Andhra Bank

Corporation Bank

14.59 Lakh crore

5th largest Bank

Indian Bank

Indian Bank

Allahabad Bank

8.08 Lakh crore

7th largest Bank

State Bank of India (Merged earlier)

52.65 Lakh crore

1st largest bank

Bank of Baroda (Merged earlier)

16.13 Lakh crore

3rd largest bank

 Banks that will continue to work individually: Apart from these 10 merged entities, six banks will continue to work individually. Have a look at the details of these banks:

Bank

Business Size

Bank of India

9.03 Lakh crore (6th Largest Bank)

Central Bank of India

4.68 Lakh crore

Indian Overseas Bank

3.75 Lakh crore

UCO Bank

3.17 Lakh crore

Bank of Maharashtra

2.34 Lakh crore

Punjab & Sind Bank

1.71 Lakh crore

Capital Infusion in the Public Sector Banks

Finance Minister Sitharaman also announced capital infusion in the public sector banks with an aim to scale them. The Government plans to infuse Rs 55,250 Crore of capital in the PSBs. Have a look at bank-wise capital infusion:

Bank

Capital Infusion

Punjab National Bank

Rs 16,000 crore

Union Bank of India

Rs 11,700 crore

Bank of Baroda

Rs 7,000 crore

Indian Bank

Rs 2,500 crore

Indian Overseas Bank

Rs 3,800 crore

Central Bank of India

Rs 3,300 crore

UCO Bank

Rs 2,100 crore

United Bank of India

Rs 1,600 crore

Punjab and Sind Bank

Rs 750 crore

 Figures of Amalgamated Banks

Merger of PNB, OBC, United Bank

Canara Bank & Syndicate Bank

Indian & Allahabad Bank

Union Bank, Andhra Bank & Corporation Bank

Motive & Objective behind Merger of PSBs

The Finance Ministry opines that the merger of these 10 public sector banks (PSBs) will help India make a USD 5 Trillion Economy. The bank merger was done under the bank consolidation plan of the Union Government. Have a look at the government’s objective behind the merger of these banks:

- Enhanced capacity to increase credit

- Banks with a strong national presence and international reach

- Reduction in lending cost

- Next Generation technology for the banking sector

- Improved ability to raise market resources