Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou appointed as new Prime Minister of Niger
Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou was the chief of staff to former Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou between 2015 and 2021.
Niger’s newly-elected President Mohamed Bazoum appointed Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou as the country’s new Prime Minister on April 3, 2021.
As per the President's official statement, Mahamadou, who is the former chief of staff, has been instructed to form a new government.
Ouhoumoudou Mahamadou was the chief of staff to former Niger President Mahamadou Issoufou between 2015 and 2021. He has also previously served as Niger’s Minister of Finance and Minister of mines and energy.
Niger's Elections 2021
•In a democratic watershed, Mohamed Bazoum was confirmed as the winner of Niger's General Elections in February 2021 by the constitutional court in March amid calls for nationwide protests from Niger’s opposition.
•Mohamed Bazoum became Niger's fifth democratically-elected President, marking a significant moment in the nation's politics.
•This was also the first peaceful transition of power from one civilian government to another.
•The new president’s inauguration ceremony took place on April 2, 2021, only two days after a failed coup attempt and rising attacks by armed groups along its borders.
•Despite the threat of violence, the ceremony saw in attendance the leaders of Chad, Togo, Mauritania, Cote d’Ivoire, Senegal, Mali, Gambia and Burkina Faso.
Five Things to Know About Niger
1. Niger is a landlocked country in West Africa, bordered by Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Algeria. It is named after the Niger River.
2. It is the largest country in West Africa, covering an area of almost 1,270,000 km2. However, 80 percent of its land lies in the Sahara Dessert.
3. The country's population is predominantly Muslim and it totals to about 22 million.
4. Its capital city is Niamey, which is also the largest city in the country. It is located in Niger's southwest corner.
5. The developing country has been consistently ranked near to the bottom in the UN Human Development Index. It was ranked 189th out of a total of 189 countries in both 2018 and 2019.
Major Challenges facing the Country
•Most of the non-desert portions of the country are threatened by periodic drought and desertification.
•The economy of the nation is largely concentrated around subsistence agriculture, with some export agriculture in the more fertile south and export of raw materials such as uranium ore.
•Its serious challenges include its landlocked position, desert terrain and inefficient agriculture.
•Overpopulation is also a problem in the country due to high fertility rates without birth control.
•Besides this, other challenges include poverty, poor educational level, lack of infrastructure, environmental degradation and poor healthcare.
•A majority of the population in the country lives in rural areas and has little access to advanced education.
After independence, the people of Niger have lived under five constitutions and three periods of military rule.
Following the military coup in 2010, Niger became a democratic, multi-party state.